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      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexei_Navalny   ::  What is a "sanction" ? :  What is are "sanctions" ?


   "sanction" :: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanctions_(law) : ( "sanction" - Cambridge definition )
"... 
Sanctions, in law and legal definition, are penalties or other means of enforcement used to provide incentives for obedience with the law, or with rules and regulations....  "Criminal sanctions" can take the form of serious punishment, such as corporal or capital punishment, incarceration, or severe fines. Within the context of "civil law", sanctions are usually monetary fines, levied against a party to a lawsuit or his/her attorney, for violating rules of procedure, or for abusing the judicial process. ... The most severe sanction in a civil lawsuit is the involuntary dismissal, with prejudice, of a complaining party's cause of action, or of the responding party's answer. This has the effect of deciding the entire action against the sanctioned party without recourse, except to the degree that an appeal or trial de novo may be allowed because of reversible error.  ..."


  x_POTUS Letter VA Signed.pdf  ( 7 PAGE PDF )  Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny sitting on a bench in Berlin on September 23.  :::  : :::  Alexei Navalny - Wikipedia  hhh John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg


 Dear President Bidend (Joe) & Vice President Harris (Kamala) - As you may know - I am your "supporter" - who lives in American ZIP code 45405. Mike Turner is my CongressMAN - and Sherrod Brown AND Rob Portman - are my current US Senators ( however, Mr. Portman - is quit-ting ... ).   As the DNC - no doubt - makes YOU aware - I do not - and, never have - even given ONE US dollar - to any "USA political organization". That is, I always "check the box" marked "other". aND There are very practical reasons for this. 

   So,  Mr. Nalvany ( as can be seen - on this page ) - is a very handsome fellow - AND, he looks like my brother ( less than one year younger than me) - we are "Irish Twins" ...  -- Although "CASSADY's" - which we are - is a surname - mostly found in Scotland - and, my mother is German [ Mary Elizabeth Sprouse]. She told me - when I did ask - circa 1980 "... I raised YOU kids [ ...there were seven of us... ] to be 'Irish' ... because - that's what your Daddy was." --  YES. I do know [that] my father did "love" "John F. Kennedy" .  But, Mr. Nalvany's request - made through (his agent)  Vladimir Ashurkov  - is NOT about what he looks like - or, other "tribal" aspects. His request - to me - is related to: "TRUTH TO POWER". 

  As you may know ( Americans ) - raised in the Columbus, Ohio "Public School System" - which I was [ 1960 - 1972 ] are taught to do this.
 In fact, even when a couple of boys were mean to me (one time) - my Mom encouraged me ... "Susie - that's what they want; THEY want to make you "afraid". So, Think about the question. And, if you know the answer - [then] YOU STICK YOUR HAND IN THE AIR! ... YOU GET YOURSELF NOTICED! AND, WHEN YOU ARE CALLED ON - YOU SAY WHAT YOU THINK THE ANSWER IS." Thus, I have been like this my whole life. Even - when it got me in trouble - which, it did - sometimes ... 

 


  "...  Dear President Biden: I am writing to you to encourage the United States to sanction corrupt Russian allies of President Putin as part of your overall approach to Russia. I was encouraged by your initial call with Mr. Putin and your recognition that Alexey Navalny’s arrest was unwarranted and an unjust attempt to silence Russia’s most prominent opposition leader.

 - Vladimir Ashurkov -  Executive Director 
- Anti-Corruption Foundation (
)  ..." <  :: - Susan's biological brother: Milo Gerald-Jr. Cassady:> 


  :: Susan's husband of 38+ years > 


    ::     https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexei_Navalny   :: 


H  image   < click "bigger" - in English :: NOTE: YOU TUBE LINK DOES NOT WORK ::


  THE FOLLOWING LINKS DO WORK - .  :  Showing results for nAVALNY site:youtube.com  ::   Search instead for nALVANY site:youtube.com

 :: Search Results : Web results" 

Live: Navalny protesters in Moscow rally in support of Russian ...

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2:39:45

... gather in Krasniye Vorota district of Moscow after police cordons off city center ahead of rally in support of ...

35 mins ago · Uploaded by The Independent

Navalny Sends Defiant Message To Putin From Moscow Court ...

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2:08

As his appeal was rejected by one of the judges he dismissed as “obedient slaves,” the Russian opposition leader ...

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Navalny against Putin: Who will win the Russian showdown ...

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26:02

A real threat to Vladimir Putin – that's how commentators are describing Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny. So, who ...

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Russian police raid Alexei Navalny's home and offices | DW ...

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Police in Moscow raided apartments and offices belonging to Russian opposition figure Alexei Navalny and ...

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Russian President Vladimir Putin says an opulent palace featured in a video by his arch-critic Alexei Navalny ...

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Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny denounces “blatantly illegal ...

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The leading Russian opposition figure and Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny has denounced his continued ...

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Alexei Navalny's Return to Russia Is Giving New Life to the Opposition. 189,643 views189K views. • Jan 27 ...

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Demonstrations have been taking place in Russia after Alexei Navalny, President Putin's most high-profile ...

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Demonstrations in support of detained Russian opposition leader Alexey Navalny kicked off on Sunday across ...

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A Russian billionaire has come forward as the owner of an opulent seaside mansion, which Alexey Navalny ...6 hours ago · Uploaded by Al Jazeera English


LETTERHEAD:  ANTI-CORRUPTION FOUNDATION

The ANTI-CORRUPTION FOUNDATION, Non-profit Organization
19 Leninskaya Sloboda St., Office 21, Moscow, 115280, Russia
+7 (499) 346-11-70 | fbk@fbk.info  |  www.fbk.info

 

January 29, 2021
The Honorable Joseph R. Biden
President
United States of America
The White House Washington, DC 20500


Dear President Biden:

I am writing to you to encourage the United States to sanction corrupt Russian allies of President Putin as part of your overall approach to Russia. I was encouraged by your initial call with Mr. Putin and your recognition that Alexey Navalny’s arrest was unwarranted and an unjust attempt to silence Russia’s most prominent opposition leader.

I’ve worked with Navalny since 2010 and served as Executive Director of his Anti-Corruption Foundation ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Corruption_Foundation ), which exposed staggering corruption within the Putin regime. Before Navalny’s arrest, our team prepared a video that exposed Putin’s wealth and hubris. The video focuses on a $1.3 billion palace that Putin’s allies -- businessmen and heads of large state-owned companies who owe their positions to Putin -- built for him personally. A string of investigations shows that the same oligarchs who built Putin’s palace also supply his mistresses and their parents, and Putin’s children, with yachts, apartments and multi-million dollar-a-year-jobs at the companies they control.  Navalny’s video expose has been watched over 100 million times. That’s more than half the population of Russia. This helps explain why so many Russians -- young and old alike -- have taken to the streets to protest the regime. Everyone understands that as long as Putin’s kleptocratic regime controls Russia, the people of Russia have no future.

For years, Alexey Navalny has advocated sanctions against individuals who play key roles in aiding and abetting Putin and who take the lead in the persecution of those who seek to express their opinions freely and expose corruption in the system. Existing sanctions don’t reach enough of the right people. The West [ AMERICA!] must sanction the "decisions makers" who have made it national policy to rig elections, steal from the budget, and poison. It must also sanction ...

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It must also sanction the people who hold their money. Anything less will fail to make the regime change its behavior.

Before Nalvany returned to Russia, we made a list of 35 Russian individuals that I am sharing with you and your administration. We have concluded that each of these individuals actively participates in the oppression and corruption of Putin's regime. Sanctioning these individuals -- freezing their assets, barring them from entering the U.S. and from doing business with American companies -- would create a substantial cost for their actions and serve as a deterrent to other members of the political and business elite. It would be a powerful way tp encourage change.

 We divided our list into three [four] groups in the attached enclosure: 

 - Oligarchs ? ( ... who built Putin’s palace also supply his mistresses and their parents, and Putin’s children, with yachts, apartments and multi-million dollar-a-year-jobs at the companies they control. ... 
 ::  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_oligarch
needs explanation for Americans  )

 - Human rights abusers ... 

 - "Wallets and Cronies" [ needs explanation for Americans :
[ https://africaneconomicsjournal.blogspot.com/ ]
 - Individuals specifically involved in persecution of Nalvany and our organization.
 
 The top eight people on the list are of particular priority as we discussed them with Alexey shortly before he boarded the plane to Moscow. We would be grateful if the United States would take concrete policy and sanction actions to limit corruption and abuse of human rights. These are common goals. Thank you for your time and attention to this matter.

Sincerely,

 Vladimir Ashurkov
 Executive Director
 Anti-Corruption Foundation

 Enclosure: Recommended List of Individuals for Sanctioning

  Distribution:

   Department of State
   Department of the Treasury
   Director of National Intelligence 


  

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PAGE 3 OF 7  "Priority Shortlist" names 1 - 8 ( see list below )

PAGE 4 OF 7  " Persecution of Alexey Nalvany" names 9 - 20 ( see list below )

PAGE 5 OF 7  "Wallets and Cronies"  names 21 - 25  ( see list below)

PAGE 6 OF 7  "Abuse of Freedoms"  names 26 - 35  ( see list below

       " Persons listed above who are already on US sanctions lists" ( see list below
 PAGE 7 OF 7  " Persons listed above who are already on US sanctions lists" [cont'd]


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Recommended List of Individuals for Sanctioning

Priority Shortlist

  1. Roman Abramovich Billionaire businessman with a wide portfolio of holdings in Russia  and globally, one of the key enablers and beneficiaries of the Kremlin’s kleptocracy, with significant ties to, and assets in the West. WIKIPEDIA   NEWS

  1. Denis Bortnikov Deputy President and Chairman of VTB Bank Management Board. He is the son of Alexander Bortnikov, FSB director and a key ally of Vladimir Putin, who acts as a “wallet” for his father’s ill-gotten gains to hide their true beneficiary and avoid existing sanctions.
     WASHINGTON POST  :  VTB.COM : CONTACT

  1. Andrey Kostin      President and Chairman of the Management Board of state-owned VTB Bank, a key facilitator of corrupt money flows related to the operation of the Russian government and security services and the personal fortunes of many senior Russian officials. WIKIPEDIA  NEWS

  1. Mikhail Murashko Minister of Health, responsible for covering up Alexey Navalny's poisoning and hindering efforts to evacuate him to Germany for medical treatment. WKIPEDIA  NEWS

  1. Dmitry Patrushev Minister of Agriculture. He is the son of Nikolai Patrushev, director of the Security Council of Russia and a key ally of Vladimir Putin’s, who acts as a “wallet” for his father’s ill-gotten gains to hide their true beneficiary and avoid existing sanctions. WIKIPEDIA  NEWS

  1. Igor Shuvalov    Former First Deputy Prime Minister and Chairman of the StateDevelopment Corporation VEB.RF, with significant assets abroad. Shuvalov was instrumental in creating the system of state corruption, which has come to dominate the country’s institutions. WIKIPEDIA NEWS

  1. Vladimir Solovyov A high-profile Russian state media personality, one of the primary mouthpieces of authoritarian propaganda, who has both defended and advocated the extrajudicial treatment of Alexey Navalny and other opposition figures. Wikipedia  NEWS

  1. Alisher Usmanov Billionaire businessman with a wide portfolio of holdings in Russia and globally, and significant ties to the West, one of the key enablers and beneficiaries of the Kremlin’s kleptocracy. Wikipedia  NEWS

Persecution of Alexey Navalny

  1. Alexander Bastrykin         Head of the Investigative Committee, the primary agency behind numerous fabricated and illegal cases against numerous journalists, activists and opposition figures. 

  1. Alexander Bortnikov Director of the Federal Security Service (FSB), the main political police agency, responsible inter alia for the attempted poisoning of Alexey Navalny.

  1. Konstantin Ernst CEO of the state-owned Channel One TV station, a primary source of state propaganda vilifying civil society and opposition activities and encouraging extra-judicial repression. 

  1. Victor Gavrilov Head of the Department of Transport of the Economic Security Service within the Federal Security Bureau (FSB). He was responsible for coordinating various agencies during the arrival of Alexey Navalny’s flight to Moscow, including its diversion to Sheremetyevo, where he was arrested.  

  1. Dmitry Ivanov Head of Chelyabinsk FSB.  Head of Tomsk FSB when Alexey Navalny was poisoned there by an FSB team.

  1. Alexander Kalashnikov Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN), who has overseen continued human rights abuses in the penal system, and also engineered the illegal arrest of Alexey Navalny on his return to Moscow.

  1. Sergei Kirienko First Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration, with special responsibility for domestic politics, including efforts to prevent Alexey Navalny’s “smart voting” campaign and exclude opposition candidates.

  1. Elena Morozova Judge of Khimki District Court, who presided over the illegal, ad hoc court inside a local police station and sentenced Alexey Navalny to 30 days in prison without bail to allow for his further trial.

  1. Denis Popov Chief Prosecutor of Moscow, whose office has spearheaded a campaign against Navalny's team through investigations and the courts.

  1. Margarita Simonyan Editor-in-Chief of state media network RT, a key mouthpiece of state propaganda abroad, who herself has boasted that RT is capable of “conducting an information war against the whole Western world”.

  1. Igor Yanchuk Head of the Khimki Police Department, responsible for Alexey Navalny’s arrest on his return to Russia and arranging his illegal, ad hoc trial in a local police station.

  1. Victor Zolotov Director of the National Guard, the agency primarily responsible for the violent suppression of opposition activity on the streets, and one of Putin’s most loyal supporters. Zolotov also challenged Navalny to a duel and threatened to “make mincemeat” of him.

Wallets and Cronies

  1. Oleg Deripaska Billionaire businessman with a wide portfolio of holdings in Russia and globally, one of the key enablers and beneficiaries of the Kremlin's kleptocracy, with significant ties to, and assets in the West.

  1. Alexei Miller         Chairman of the Management Committee of Gazprom, the state-

controlled gas corporation, and a significant instrument of covert Russian influence abroad. Miller is one of the key enablers and beneficiaries of the Kremlin’s kleptocracy.

  1. Igor Sechin Chairman of the Management Board of Rosneft and close and long-term ally of Vladimir Putin. He is one of the key enablers and beneficiaries of the Kremlin’s kleptocracy and also the driving force behind policies such as support for the Maduro regime in Venezuela.

  1. Gennady Timchenko Billionaire businessman with a wide portfolio of holdings in Russia and globally, a close Putin ally and reported “wallet” of the president, with significant ties to and assets in the West.

  1. Nikolai Tokarev Chairman of Transneft, one of the enablers and beneficiaries of the Kremlin's kleptocracy, including the construction of Putin's palace in Gelendzhik.

Abuse of Freedoms

  1. Alexander Beglov Governor of St Petersburg, close ally of Vladimir Putin's, whose corrupt activities were highlighted by a Navalny investigation, and who has since been supportive of measures to limit freedom of protest and assembly.

  1. Yuri Chaika Presidential representative to the Caucasus Region, but until 2020, Prosecutor General and responsible for the Kremlin’s sustained campaign of persecution of civil society.

  1. Andrei Kartapolov             Deputy Defence Minister and Chief of Main Directorate for Political-Military Affairs, responsible for using conscription as a means or persecuting activists, and reportedly involved in the downing of Malaysian airliner MH17 in 2014.

  1. Pavel Krasheninnikov Parliamentarian and former Justice Minister, Krasheninnikov personally drafted or supported numerous recent authoritarian laws, including a recent proposal that would make it even harder to prosecute former presidents on corruption charges.

  1. Mikhail Mishustin              Prime Minister of Russia, and as such the chief executor of VladimirPutin's policies.

  1. Ella Pamfilova      Head of Central Electoral Commission, who has endorsed and

legitimized the Kremlin’s unfree and unfair elections and consultative votes on a systematic basis.

  1. Dmitry Peskov     Presidential Press Secretary, the primary spokesman for the

Russian government, who has denied any illegal campaign against Navalny and, indeed, any Russian malign activities at home or abroad.

  1. Sergei Sobyanin Mayor of Moscow, and the primary executor of Russian government policy in the capital, including vote rigging and facilitating criminal activity through corrupt municipal projects.

  1. Anton Vaino         Head of the Presidential Administration, arguably the most

powerful institution in Russia and the primary coordinating body for the Kremlin’s policies at home and abroad.

  1. Andrey Vorobyev Governor of the Moscow Region, whose corrupt activities Navalny has revealed.

Persons listed above who are already on US sanctions lists:


                        Alexander Bastrykin            SDN – Magnitsky Act, 2017.

                        Oleg Deripaska                       SDN – Ukraine (EO13661, EO13662).

                        Andrey Kostin         SDN – Ukraine (EO13661).

                        Alexei Miller         SDN – Ukraine (EO13661).

                        Igor Sechin         SDN – Ukraine (EO13661).

                         Gennady Timchenko     SDN – Ukraine (EO13661).

                         Victor Zolotov         SDN – Ukraine (EO13661)