5-6-2021  ::  This is Susan Neuhart's (nee CASSADY's) "personal" WEB SITE:: ABOUT Susan  :: CONTACT Form ...  


   https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/05/us/politics/liz-cheney-opinion-essay.html   < New York Times

Dear House Republicans:  Will Republicans let Trumpism survive Trump?  bigger ( Trump supporters climb the west wall of the Capitol. Photograph: José Luis Magaña/AP )
  http://www.joseluismagana.com/index.html  : http://www.joseluismagana.com/about.html 

 “... If you let "them" do this to
      [ your fellow Republican LIZ CHENEY ]  
     and get away with it,
     then - you’re giving [ the "TRUMPERS" ]
     the eternal right to do
 the same damn thing to any one of you! ...”
 
 
           - Buford Pusser -  "WALKING TALL"  


      https://scotlandwelcomesyou.com/scottish-sayings/ ... ::  CASSADY SCOTLAND :: 


  CAN BULLETS BE DESIGNED... [that] DO NOT TRAVEL FAR? ...  [ https://www.defensivecarry.com/threads/how-far-will-my-bullet-travel.212123/ ]
    I OWN A HOUSE ON A CORNER - LIKE MR. GORDON'S - How far the bullets travel - during a suspect arrest  < It matters... ::       https://www.ojp.gov/pdffiles1/87616.pdf  ...  [ using a car - as a "deadly weapon" - to avoid capture - pursuit ] pursuit by feline


  CHAPTER 9  - USE OF DEADLY FORCE TO ARREST A  FLEEING FELON ...  EXAMPLE: "THE SHOOTING OF RUDY GIULIANI" ... 
  " A CONSTITUTIONAL  CHALLENGE ", PART II  -- BY:  J . PAUL BOUTWELL ::  https://leb.fbi.gov/file-repository/archives/october-1977.pdf  

"... By  J.  PAUL  BOUTWELL  :: Special  Agent  - Legal Counsel Division  :: Federal  Bureau  of Investigation  - Washington,  D.C.   ..." ::  "TEXAS" document:  


 - an American shot - on the suspicion [that] they committed a crime - based on "hearsay" evidence - does not seem proper - Please explain the UNexecuted Search Warrant. ... Andrew Brown 
   < Crime Scene (bigger) ... US FBI Comments --  

  - RESTRICTIONS UPON USE OF DEADLY FORCE -- THROUGH DEPARTMENT POLICY... 

A most significant effort toward reform of the "common law rule" has come through law enforcement administrators.>  
Whether in response to persuasive police commentary, (1) national study commissions (2) or because of tragic incidents in the
community, (3) many executives of law enforcement agencies have prepared written policy detailing restrictions on the use of
deadly force for purpose of making an arrest.

In many instances, the policy is more restrictive than the state statutory standard. This is understandable.
 The fact that deadly force is legally justified does not mean that it is always wisely utilized .
 Riots, for example, have been attributed to an officer's "legal", but unwise, use of deadly force. (4) 


  For example, IF a bunch of "armed men" - show up - in front of my house - demanding [that] I perform "yoga poses" - or cook for them
  - THEY will be met (by me) - with an unwelcome result. 


The legislature determines the legal use of deadly force; the administrator promotes its wise use. US Constitution "Well regulated militia"

 SOURCE: "Use of Deadly Force to Arrest a Fleeing Felon-A Constitutional Challenge, P art II" (PAGE 214)
  FBI Law E nforcement Bulletin (October 1977) 46:10:27-31.

 Many "law enforcement administrators" are concerned that if an officer is sued, the department's firearms regulation ( FEDERAL ATF) will be
 ... admitted into evidence, and where more restrictive than state law, will create liability where none might otherwise exist.

This is not necessarily the case. To begin with, [US] states differ on admissibility of departmental policy.

Decisions in California and Florida illustrate the different responses.
 For example, in a California case, a police officer shot at and killed a fleeing felon.

The shooting was a justifiable use of deadly force under [CALIFORNIA] state law.
The California [Palo Alto page 55] police tactical manual pertaining to the use of firearms [*], however, justified the use of deadly force only if
  
necessary to save the officer, a citizen, a brother officer, or a prisoner from death or grave bodily harm.

The Supreme Court of California held the manual was admissible on the ground that an employee's failure to follow a safety rule promulgated by his
employer, regardless of its substance, served as evidence of negligence. [5]

 On the other hand, in the State of Florida, at least two district courts of appeal have reached an opposite result.
 - In one case, officers covering a rock concert observed from a rooftop two teenagers trying the doors of a number of vehicles in the
parking lot and finally entered a van. The rooftop officers directed officers on the ground to arrest them. As an officer
attempted to arrest one of the boys, a struggle ensued and the officer fell to the ground after receiving a blow to the face.
 The youth ran, and the officer shot the plaintiff in the leg. Florida has codified the common law rule. Over the officer's objection
in a civil suit, the court admitted into evidence a departmental
order on the use of firearms, which was in effect at the time of
the shooting. The order authorized the officers to use firearms
to apprehend a fleeing felon, but only when the officer reasonably believes the fleeing person has committed either
 (1) a violent crime to the person of another,
or (2) a crime against property that clearly demonstrates a wanton and reckless disregard for human life.

 On appeal, the officer contended that the trial court erred in admitting this order. The appeals court
agreed. While the departmental regulation may be applicable for departmental discipline of its own members, the regulation
would not affect the standard by which the officer's criminal or civil liability was measured.

To admit the "public safety order" constituted reversible error.6

Whether departmental regulations will create liability
 - where none might otherwise exist is more difficult.

Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE)1 [ can talk out of both sides of their mouths ] AND makes the following points:
(1) Police chiefs and other administrators should not be dissuaded from promulgating safety rules and policy directives
due to the threat of civil liability;
(2) it is inconsistent with modern management to leave unfettered discretion (as to when an officer may use his firearm) to the lowest ranks
-this is not to suggest that any particular restrictive policy is meritorious,
only that planning and policymaking should be centralized at
the highest administrative levels; and (3) written directives
which restrict a police officer's action beyond the requirements
of state law should contain an explanation of their intended
purpose. Suggested wording is as follows:
''This directive is for internal use only and does not
enlarge an officer's civil or criminal liability in any way.
It should not be construed as the creation of a higher standard of safety or care in an evidentiary sense, with
respect to third party claims. Violations of this directive, if proven, can only form the basis of a complaint
by this department, and then only in a nonjudicial administrative setting. "8
The wise administrator, concerned about potential liability
problems with regard to the use of deadly force , will discuss
this topic with a legal adviser. He certainly wants to know what
effect his policy might have on his officers' potential liability.
He needs to be clear as to who will pay the civil judgment, if
one is awarded, arising out of a deadly force case.9
THE INTERPLAY BETWEENA STATE'S JUSTIFIABLE
HOMICIDE STATUTE AND CIVIL LIABILITY
A state legislature defines what constitutes justification for
an act otherwise criminal. 10 A state civil court defines what


216 
constitutes privilege for conduct otherwise tortious. 11 Query:
Can a state civil court adopt a definition of an officer's privilege
in the use of deadly force, that is more restrictive than the
state's legislative standard, expressed through its justifiable
homicide statute?
The question underscores the distinction between the two
areas of the law-criminal and civil. The legislature of the state
has the legitimate authority to define crimes and defenses, and
generally the civil courts retain the common law authority to
define torts and their defenses. So the simply answer to the
question is yes; civil courts may adopt a definition of privileged
conduct that is more restrictive than the state's justifiable
homicide statute. It should be emphasized, however, that most
courts have refused to do so.
A recent Minnesota case illustrates the point. Early one
morning, an off-duty officer, dressed in civilian clothes but who
carried his .38-caliber snub-nose revolver, drove a marked police department "take-home" squad car, which he was authorized to use, to pick up the morning newspaper. On his return,
he observed a station wagon traveling at an excessive rate of
speed collide with a parked car. Two boys got out, yelled something into the station wagon, and then ran. As the officer
stopped his squad car, another person alighted from the driver's side of the wagon and ran. The officer jumped out of the
squad car and shouted "Stop, police." As he chased one boy, he
repeatedly shouted similar warnings, finally calling out, "Stop,
or I'll shoot." The plaintiff ignored the warnings and continued
to run. The officer fired a warning shot into the ground, but the
plaintiff only ran faster. The officer again yelled, "Stop, or I'll
shoot." When this warning failed to produce results, the officer
aimed and fired a shot, intending to hit the plaintiff in the
lower part of his body. Instead of striking the plaintiff in the
legs, the bullet struck the plaintiff in the nape of the neck,
permanently crippling him.
In his complaint, the plaintiff alleged defendant's liability
on two theories-battery and negligence. The trial court submitted the case to the jury on the theory of negligence alone.

217 
The jury found for the officer. They found also that the plaintiff's negligence was the proximate cause of his own injury. The
plaintiff appealed. He argued that it was error for the trial
court to leave out the issue of battery. In addition, the plaintiff
sought to have the Supreme Court of Minnesota adopt a civil
liability standard for privileged conduct, a standard that would
be more restrictive than the state's justifiable homicide statute.
Minnesota's justifiable homicide statute follows the common
law rule.
The Supreme Court of Minnesota held that the trial court
had improperly framed the issue in the case in terms of negligence rather than battery and remanded the case for a new
trial. The court wrote that while they were not technically
bound to follow the statutory formulation of the justifiable
homicide statutes, they would nevertheless do so and defer to
the legislative policy in defining tort liability. The police officer
contemplating the use of force under emergency conditions
should not be held to conflicting standards of conduct by the
civil and criminal law. The confusion which would be engendered by such a situation can only produce unfair and inequitable results. The Court wrote:
"It is in the legislative forum that the deterrent effect
of the traditional rule may be evaluated and the lawenforcement policies of this state may be fully debated
and determined .... The legislature, and not this court,
is the proper decision maker." 12
In order for a police officer to raise an affirmative defense
of privileged use of his firearm in a suit alleging battery, the
officer must bear the burden of proving: (1) That he had probable cause to believe that the person sought to be arrested either
committed or was committing a felony, and (2) that he reasonably believed the arrest could not be effected without the use of
a firearm .

CONSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE USE OF DEADLY
FORCE TO ARREST A FLEEING FELON
The most significant development in litigation regarding
the common law fleeing felon rule is the federal constitutional

218 
challenge made upon the use of deadly force to arrest a nonviolent, fleeing felon. Such a challenge may be made by a plaintiff
seeking either declaratory or injunctive reliefY Most frequently, however, the plaintiff merely files a claim under title
42, United States Code, section 1983,14 alleging the violation of
a constitutional right. This legislation was enacted April 20,
1871, with the purpose of providing a remedy for the wrongs
allegedly being perpetrated under color of state law. Thus,
1983, as it is often called, creates a right to sue law enforcement officers personally for depriving another of " . . . any
right, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and
laws ...."(of the United States). Such suits may be filed in the
U.S. district courts under the provisions of title 28, United
States Code, section 1343.
Prior to 1961, it was thought the plaintiff had to exhaust
possibilities that local or state remedies would give relief before
coming to the federal court. In a 1961 landmark decision, the
U.S. Supreme Court established the principle that the right to
sue police officers under 1983 was completely independent of
any state remedies that might be available. The Court stated,
"It is no answer that the State has a law which if enforced
would give relief. The federal remedy is supplementary to the
state remedy, and the latter need not be first sought and
refused before the federal one is invoked." An officer could no
longer regard abstention or exhaustion of local remedies as
useful in defending an action under 1983.15
Thus, a plaintiff may commence a section 1983 action
against an officer in federal court, or he may file a civil suit in
state court. It is sometimes asked how a state civil lawsuit
brought in a state court and arising out of the same set of facts
differs from a 1983 suit. Some general observations on the
nature of a state law suit are useful before discussing some of
the recent 1983 cases.
State Tort Action Distinguished
State civil lawsuits arising out of an officer's use of his
firearm are not unusual. A suit may develop from its negligent

219 
use as well as from its intentional use. In the latter case, the
distinction between justifiable force and excessive force is important.
Negligence
Probably the most widely recognized duty of a law enforcement officer is that of requiring him to avoid negligence in his
work. Our society imposes a duty upon each individual to conduct his affairs in a manner which will avoid subjecting others
to an unreasonable risk of harm. This, of course, also applies to
law enforcement officers. If his conduct creates a danger recognizable as such by a reasonable officer in like circumstances, he
will be held accountable to others injured as a proximate result
of his conduct and who have not contributed to their own harm.
These general principles are well-known concepts in the law of
negligence.
They mean that actions taken by officers in apprehending
criminals must not create an unreasonable risk of injury or
death to innocent persons. The creation of risk is not in and of
itself negligence; however, the law does require a reasonable
assessment of harm's likelihood and regards as negligent any
act which creates a risk of such magnitude as to outweigh the
utility of the act itself.
Under the civil court system, if the police officer owed no
duty to the complainant, he will not be penalized even if the
plaintiff in fact suffered some injury. An officer will be liable
only where it is shown that (1) he was obliged to do or refrain
from doing something, and (2) the plaintiff was injured because
of the officer's failure to comply with this obligation or duty.
Assume that Officer A shoots at B, a felon fleeing in a
congested downtown area, but misses B and hits C, an innocent
bystander. C, in a civil suit against Officer A in State court, will
allege that Officer A was negligent in the discharge of his firearm. The gist of C's suit is that Officer A has breached his duty
to C.

220 
Intentional Torts
Another category of torts is termed intentional torts. In a
negligence suit, the officer will not be liable unless he foresaw,
or should have anticipated, that his acts or omissions would
result in injury to another. An intentional tort is the voluntary
doing of an act which to a substantial certainty will injure another. It does not have to be performed negligently to be actionable. Examples of such torts are false arrest and assault
and battery. Assume Officer A intentionally shoots and seriously injures B, a fleeing felon. B may bring a civil suit in state
court alleging that he has been battered, an intentional tort.
The gist of B's action is that Officer A used excessive force in
his effort to apprehend him and the use of his firearm was not
justified under the circumstances. It is not alleged that Officer
A was negligent-he did what he intended to do-namely,
shoot B. The essential elements of the tort of battery are intent
and contact. Privilege, however, is an affirmative defense to
the tort of battery. Usually the officer must bear the burden of
proving the essential elements of the defense. A few jurisdictions reach a contrary result, adopting the rule that a police
officer's act is presumed lawful. 16 In final analysis, the
reasonableness of the force used in making an arrest under all
the circumstances is a question of fact for the jury or other
trier of fact (such as a judge in a bench trial), and the standard
usually expressed is the conduct of ordinary prudent men under
existing circumstances. Not a very precise standard to be sure.




Notes
1. Chapman, "Police Policy on the Use of Firearms." Police Chief,
July 1967, at 16, 26-27. McCreedy & Hague, "Administrative and
Legal Aspects of a Policy to Limit the Use of Firearms by Police
Officers," 42 Police- Chief, January 1975, at 48.
2. President's Comm'n. on Law Enforcement and Administration of
Justice . Report: The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society 119 {1967);
Task Force Report: The Police 189-90 {1967); 1 Nat'!. Comm'n. on
Reform of Fed. Crim. Laws, Working Papers 269 (1970).

221 
3. Bart, "Inquest Lightens Tension in Watts," New York Times, May
21, 1966, p. 13, col. 1.
4. The San Francisco riot of 1966 was said to have started after a
juvenile was shot and killed while fleeing from a stolen car. Davis,
"Calm is Restored in San Francisco," New York Times, Sept. 30,
1966, p. 1, col. 5.
5. Grudt v. City ofLos Angeles, 468 P. 2d 825 (Cal. 1970).
6. City ofSt. Petersburg v. Reed, 330 So. 2d 25 (Fla. App. 1976). See
also, Chastin v. Civil Service Board of Orlando, 327 So. 2d 230 (Fla.
App. 1976).
7. Americans for Effective Law Enforcement, Inc. (AELE) is a national, not for profit organization whose purpose is to provide a voice
for the law-abiding citizens through responsible support for professional law enforcement. As a citizen-supported research and action
organization employing three attorneys and three legal assistants, all
of whom have law enforcement backgrounds, AELE also publishes the
Legal Liability Reporter, and the staff has sponsored workshops
across the country on civil liability.
8. AELE Legal Defense Manual, "Admissibility of Police Written Directives in Litigation," Brief No. 76-5, p. 14 (October 1976).
9. A.B.A. Standards for Criminal Justice, the Urban Police Function
(approved draft, 1973) §5.5, provides: "In order to strengthen the
effectiveness of the tort remedy for improper police activities, municipal tort immunity, where it still exists, should be repealed and municipalities should be fully liable for the actions of police who are acting
within the scope of their employment as municipal employees."
10. Justification is based on a determination that an act is legal because circumstances negate the validity of the normal rules of criminal
liability. Such defenses recognize that under such circumstances the
value protected by law is eclipsed by a superseding value. Note, Statutory Reform, 75 Colum. L. Rev. 914 (1975).
11. Privilege in the law of torts is a defense to what might have been
an actionable wrong. It excuses such conduct, hence no liability occurs.
Comment. 11 Harv. Civ. Rights-Civ. Lib. L. Rev. 361.
12. Schumann v. McGinn, supra note 1, at 537. The dissenting opinion of Justice Rogosheske is instructive. He pointed out that the criminal statute distinguishes between the killing of felony and misdemeanor suspects, whereas sound policy dictates that tort law should
distinguish between the killing of dangerous and nondangerous criminal suspects: "Surely a police officer should not be imprisoned if he
mistakes a nondangerous for a dangerous felony suspect and uses his PAGE:222 
firearm against the former. However, unless he is in violation of specific instructi ons (emphasis added) his employer ought to bear financial responsibility for mistakes committed in the line of duty. Viewed
in this way, it does not follow, as the majority declares, that under the
rule urged a police officer contemplating the use of force under emergency conditions would be held t o conflicting standards of conduct by
the civil and criminal law. A police officer who makes a mistake and
uses deadly force against a nondangerous felon would know unequivocally that he is committing a civil wrong. The legislature and the
courts of this state, out of awareness of his difficult job in these emergency circumstances, will not jail him for his mistake, but in no way
can that justify granting immunity for a civil wrong .... Rather, and
hopefully, it would lead all police officers in Minnesota to do what
some, if not most, well-trained and experienced police officers already
practice, which is to follow the rule that the use of deadly force is not a
proper arrest procedure for nondangerous, nonthreatening felons."
13. Generally, the way to challenge the constitutionality of a state
statute is to seek injunctive relief under 28 U.S.C. §2281. Upon proper
application, a three-judge court will be convened to hear and determine the constitutionality of the challenged statue. See, Cunningham
v. Ellington, 323 F . Supp. 1072 (W.D. Tenn . 1971).
14. 42 U.S.C. §1963 reads as follows: "Every person who, under color
of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom or usage, of any State or
Territory, subjects or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United
States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law,
suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress."
15. Monroe v. Pape, 365 U.S. 167 (1961).
16. West v. Nantz, 101 S.W. 2d 673 (Ky. 1937); Wall v. Zeeb, 153 N.W.
2d 779 (N.D. 1967); Modesett v. Emmons, 292 S.W. 855 (Tex. Com.
App. 1927).

223 
CHAPTER 10 - POLICE POLICY ON THE USE OF FIREARMS -- SAMUEL G. CHAPMAN

hhhhhhhhhhhh


 
Did Faraday begin like this ?  NO! His "test bench" did not have a "fan". He worked - by candle light - in the "basement" of a building - in Great Britain.  And, "America" ( in 1830+ ) - was an "odd" and far away place - with very arrogant "inhabitants"...  Thomas Paine >>

  
File:Octants.png hhh  EXPERIMENT 02 
 
   Our "cage" interprets the wind speed & direction - in octets and orients our "pinwheel" blades. 

 

  Common Sense by Thomas Paine :: 
    USA college students are "simulating" AND not building it !  So - USA seniors must "step up" !!
  
   ... attach "pinwheel" turbine blade to axis < Google :: DONE EXPERIMENT 02 
 
 EXPERIMENT 01


 

 Figure 01 -  Materials ...

 EXPERIMENT 01
  STEPS (thus far)

1. Make HTML page about Mike Faraday & his relationship to other "philosophers" - of his day. (circa 1830) done

2. Gather & "shred" historical documents AND begin to review - DO NOT FEAR MATHEMATICS SHOWN! (Mike   only knew trigonometry)  -He did know MAXwell (they were buddies).   "shred" = add hyperlinks & comments

3. Look at "wind turbines" - on the Internet. done Note [that] they are for sale - by several companies - AND, come in various sizes. ALL OF THEM (thus far) "IMPRACTICAL" - for retired people. [ IMO :I am a retired American ]

4. Remember the lady - with the garden - from your childhood - AND, the fact [that] she decorated with "Pinwheels". Note American public school teachers are spending a part of the School Day - encouraging students to create "pin wheels" - AND US companies sell "kits" to make Generators.  AND AES has been contacted (image )
Consider, husband's offer to get you the "kit" and, his concern of your "experiment" at UWGB - that caused lab explosion. Kudos to my professors - THEY took full responsibility & no one was injured.

<<<  5. OR, raid your husband's "garage shelves" - AND, make your own PinWheel. [ Fig. 01]

Material Details: Blades (sheet of Laser Writer paper); Quaker oat can lid; collection of washers, nuts, bolts; Piece of Reynold's Foil (for BIG BOLT stand), Fan, level, hand weight, stack of books ...
 [ https://www.acehardware.com/departments/hardware/nuts-and-bolts ]

 Digital Controls Software <  SHOULD IT OCCUR (TO YOU) TO ADD A ROLL, PITCH  &  YAW ASIC  "CONTROLLER" TO YOUR DEVICE - GOOGLE AND REVIEW THESE DOCUMENTS.
 [ also see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KEVN0E3FjsU ] < Wind moves in isobars ... "Controller" helps to Anticipate the Catch & find the "sweet spot":  ASIC Manufacturers USA

EXPERIMENT 01 VIDEOS:  START fan :: 

Progress:  https://hansandcassady.org/TEST-BENCH-01-14secONDS-GH010422.MP4 :: 

 https://www.aes.com/products/our-offerings/new-clean-energy  :: AES ENERGY

AES-just-message-04-24-2021.JPG < FORM submitted.


  Sent Saturday 4-24-2021. NO Reply yet. 

  https://www.aes.com/contact-us

 
https://www.chicagotribune.com/weather/ct-wea-0620-asktom-20160619-column.html
 "... Q from T: I am trying to understand how the wind moves and how it changes direction. I have done some research and found some information about using isobars. Is that even accurate? ... Dear T, ... Using isobars on weather maps is completely accurate. Wind derives its initial speed and direction from changes in air pressure over distance, or Pressure Gradient Force (PGF). This is why when isobars are packed closer together (larger pressure gradient), wind speeds tend to increase. Once air is on the move, Coriolis force, imparted by Earth's rotation, causes the wind to blow counterclockwise around low pressure centers, and clockwise around highs in the northern hemisphere. In the lower atmosphere, friction with terrain makes wind speeds decrease, causing an imbalance between PGF and Coriolis. This makes winds cross isobars, toward lower pressure. ... Meterologist Tom Skilling delivers Chicago weather news, reports and forecasts on WGN, where he has worked for more than 35 years. ...   ..."
 
EXPERIMENT 02     VIDEO
 Paper pinwheel (1.) (Experiment 01 shown above) is attached to horizontal axis  [that is] mounted on Cascade Complete (TM) container filled with bolts, washers, etc. - for weight ...; which, this assembly is positioned on toilet tissue roll.  NOTE pinwheel is "attached" via Quaker Oat (TM) package lid.  Fan is turned on - by operator;   Fishbane PHYSICS : For Scientists and Engineers textbook  - is  positioned in view (2.)

 1.  https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/pinwheel
 2.  "Operator" is retired owner of USA company  [that] created the First Edition, 1993 "art program" for this USA College-level text book; by working with Professors Fishbane, Gasiorowitz, Thorton & Ms. Loretta Bailey - of Prentice Hall Publishing - before the InterNet was in wide spread use.

 3. ADD Magnets and Wire. IN PROGRESS

 4. <<<<  see Message to AES : still waiting for reply 


 

  Wind-WALL-indicator-CONTROLLER ... 


  I am a retired American - who worked in the American "Software Industry" - for many years. I did design and code software; however, my main line (of paid work) was documenting software products - created by others - so that it could be utilized - by an "End User". In the course of  documenting "how" the software works - the Software Professional may discover "bugs" - which are reported; and, make suggestions - for improvement. I did both. I enjoyed documenting - very technical & scientific software. My "hourly rate" was "competitive" - related to this type of project. My rate was "not competitive" for TYPICAL business & "transaction" software.
Thus, I did not document this kind of product. Today, I live near Wright-Patterson AFB - The "NASA" "Ames" "wind tunnel" - will be a (FUTURE) good test site ::  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ames_Research_Center : ::  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ames_Research_Center#Wind_tunnels ::  I created documentation - to satisfy "Military Specifications" - when needed. Today, I have my own "web site" [you are here]. It entertains me; and - I am at liberty to have an opinion - which I may share- on various issues. 


Coming Title: 
"Reverse Engineering: Killed for what you know - And, the American Software Technical Writer" ::Consider, who knows  "What" "Where" "When" "Why" and "How" - before the American Military Software Technical Writer ?
This is not a riddle.)
In fact, our job description - cites "questioning" - as an important ability.  And, being able to extract useful information - and examples - quickly and efficiently - with out harming the engineer - is an asset.
If you are really good at it - you will be paid to stay. <  more  > 

"PRACTICAL WIND-TURBINES"

Susan is looking into it. To begin, it is "impractical" to expect "Senior Americans" to "wrangle" 200 foot tall poles - with "wind turbines" on top of them; "Wind Turbines" - on the top of your house - may rattle the foundation ; AND, "Wind Turbines" mounted on top of 20 (twenty) foot poles apparently ONLY charge a boat battery...

Thus, I begin by studying FARADAY & Maxwell >

"pin wheel" [like those in the garden can produce 1.5 Volts ...

https://www.pinterest.com/jamesbolling3/homemade-wind-turbine/ 

"Battery Powered"  "GENERAC GENERATORS"

https://www.generac.com/service-support/product-support-lookup?categoryid=36a4dede-5816-48fa-87ca-9ce23f3a3a42 < USER MANUALS

I did own a GENERAC GENERATOR. The device powered our entire LOG HOME - when the power supply was lost - with Propane - stored in an underground tank.


FARADAY [ in progress ]

https://hansandcassady.org/Faraday-Series-ONE.html [< History]


  https://hansandcassady.org/FaraDay-from-source-MAIN.html 

  https://hansandcassady.org/FARAday-just-NOTES.html 

https://hansandcassady.org/MAXWELL.html
 

https://hansandcassady.org/MAXWELL.html 

FARADAY    < old main < SAVE for Faraday shred, HYPERLINKS & image TABLE
 
    https://hansandcassady.org/FaraDay-from-source-MAIN.html 

  https://hansandcassady.org/FARAday-just-NOTES.html 

OPINION (by Susan ):     
 "UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE"        
AS PROPOSED - BY SUSAN   "draft" Bill 

 https://hansandcassady.org/Speed2000UsersGuide.pdf   :: 

End User Manual - from 2002

- Which, THIS VERSION did utilize "Maxwell's equations" - as its the basis for the simulation of Electrical Designs of circuits, packages and boards [ vias, connectors, etc.]

So, boys & girls -  learn HOW TO use MAXwell's Equations - and, you can help create "systems" [that] certain people will offer YOU a fortune for; Because, accurate "simulation" - before incurring "manufacturing" expense - makes sense. :-)

  https://hansandcassady.org/Frederick-Douglas.html
< (1865) FREDERICK DOUGLASS, Mass.

SPEECH - near end of US Civil War ...  

 [ - the failures of 1787's US Constitution "slavery" - ]    


https://hansandcassady.org/Out-of-Africa.html (404)

"Portable Power Stations"
https://www.nytimes.com/wirecutter/reviews/best-portable-power-stations/

https://ecoflow.com/products/ecoflow-delta-power-station?sscid=41k5_c9bhr 
"...  can be fully recharged by solar panels in about 4 hours, and fully charged through a 12/24V car port < 10 hours.  ..."

 Dr. Martin Luther King's BOOK :  "WHY WE CAN'T WAIT"  

So, Public School Teachers MAY assign it:

  https://hansandcassady.org/WHY-WE-can-NOT-WAIT-TEXT.html  < TEXT only  ::::



 


     https://hansandcassady.org/WhyWEcannot-Wait-by-Martin-Luther-King-JR.html    < TEXT  With   Senior White Lady comments and hyperlinks added

 <  bigger  >- https://www.whitehouse.gov/contact/   < FORM  FULL IDEA  STATEMENT 
  VOLUNTEERS NEEDED > FLY F-35 air craft - TO RUSSIA - TO PICK-UP ALEXEI NALVALNY [ PDF ]  :  ( BIDEN Sanctions ) 
 Perna CG AMC 2016.jpg < Offer to help  
BioSoft Company  - in Russia : Production Monitoring SOFTWARE FOR PERNA'S MISSION : BATTELLE

  

United States Army four-star general
chief operating officer 

COO ] of
"Operation Warp Speed"
Gustave F. Perna > 


------------------

https://www.kff.org/other/state-indicator/total-population/?currentTimeframe=0&sortModel=%7B%22colId%22:%22Location%22,%22sort%22:%22asc%22%7D

  https://hansandcassady.org/TRUMAN-CARE-Version-1-6-2021.pdf  < Susan's "socialist" Health CARE Bill "Truman CARE"                


   https://hansandcassady.org/Perna-OPerationWarpSpeed.html#LETTER%20START      <  OFFER TO HELP WITH PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION MONITORING & LOGISTICS SYSTEM-SOFTWARE  >

OPINION (by Susan )         "UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE"        AS PROPOSED - BY SUSAN   "draft" Bill
ACK...   MESSAGE SENT 2-17-2021  ACTION
ATDyer@columbus.gov ?
YES MSErickson@columbus.gov, ?
JDOswalt@columbus.gov, ?
KAJohnson@columbus.gov, ?
CLMaitland@columbus.gov, ?
usarmy.redstone.usamc.mbx.public-affairs@mail.mil, ?
usarmy.redstone.usamc.list.congressional-activities@mail.mil, ?
usarmy.redstone.logsa.mbx.service-desk@mail.mil, ?
info@immunizationmanagers.org, ?
YES info@naccho.org, ?
YES Health@columbus.gov, ?
YES torey.hollingsworth@daytonohio.gov, ?
YES rcdavis@columbus.gov, ?
mjcrabill@columbus.gov, ?
contact@westjeffersonohio.gov, ?
delaneyk@battelle.org, ?
masseytr@battelle.org, ?
ChemBioDef@GuildAssociates.com, ?
MilitarySystems@GuildAssociates.com, ?
contact@westjeffersonohio.gov ?
The first step - in getting HELP - is admitting you need it.


bigger -
 

Donald J. Trump " Accessory to Murder " 

The NAACP & B. Thompson are just getting started! 
  FBI CHARGED  related to: 1-6-2021  ::
 

LEGAL RESEARCH by a retired American - living in Ohio Congressional District 10 

When
- taking taking the stripes off
- of a tiger
- encourage him
not to bare his teeth. 


Hans Neuhart  - 2-6-2021 

( Putin likes tigers )
   > FDA diagram: 
   :: bigger

Offer to help
Gustave F. Perna >  Perna CG AMC 2016.jpg  "...

United States Army four-star general - chief operating officer 
COO ] of "Operation Warp Speed"
Offer to help

( in progress )

   logistics in the United States federal government's - "Operation Warp Speed" - OWS:

Confirmation

CONTACT

 
ABOUT Susan   < Avatar ( by Hans )
 & FAMILY

 https://hansandcassady.org/ABOUTSusanResume.html

Susan is a "retired" American

SUSAN
CONTACT Form  

 Alexi Nalvany CAPTURES AMERICA'S HEART   

"courage" Wizard of OZ  

 https://hansandcassady.org/Alexi-Nalvany-Request.html

  ​​YOU are here "Earth" > United States > Ohio > WPAFB >   : SITEMAP  (IN PROGRESS)  
( file178 )  : 
    

In fact - there are things - that I know - and, have experienced,
  [that] no other human could "know" - unless THEY were also born "crippled".
 I [Susan] was born ( 1954 ) - with a diagnosis of "pigeon breast" [ pectus carinatum ]

   I "overcame" this "deforming" condition
- with, braces,  science and the "helps" of my family.

https://hansandcassady.org/DEMS-survey-1-11-2021.html  

< Related RESEARCH pages - used to build the DRAFT for "hopper" .

<<  HEALTH CARE RESEARCH RELATED PAGES

THANK YOU! 
GA

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_(U.S._state)    Map of the United States with Georgia highlighted

 "Bicycle Bob"  Bob Davis - Kleptz  ( memory )

 

 "When - taking taking the stripes off - of a tiger - encourage him not to bare his teeth."
- Hans Neuhart

https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/dailyadvocate/obituary.aspx?n=robert-lee-davis&pid=197425562&fhid=17945  

2-6-2021

 When - taking taking the stripes off - of a tiger - encourage him not to bare his teeth. - Hans Neuhart

 " Data Item Descriptor "

 SOURCE:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_item_descriptions

 "...  A United States data item description (DID) is a completed document defining the data deliverables required of a United States Department of Defense contractor.[1] A DID specifically defines the data content, format, and intended use of the data with a primary objective of achieving standardization objectives by the U.S. Department of Defense. The content and format requirements for DIDs are defined within MIL-STD-963C, Data Item Descriptions (2014).[2]  ..."

MEDICAL & SCIENTIFIC GRAPJICS - BY HANS

 https://www.sciencevectorart.com/
CONTACT Form 

UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE
   

AS PROPOSED - BY SUSAN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_(United_States_Congress)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procedures_of_the_United_States_Congress 

 


"HOPPER"
BILL ready for debate
TRUMAN-CARE-Version-1-6-2021.pdf ) 



 https://hansandcassady.org/TRUMAN-CARE-Version-1-6-2021.pdf  
:  [ PDF]   Universal HEALTH CARE!    
( idea by Susan) ::
HERE'S HOW TO DO IT !  
The "draft" Bill   PDF    ... Needs to be placed in Congressional "hopper" - for "debate" ::   DEMS Please use our NEW power - to implement Health CARE - based on my RESEARCHED design>     Please Place  PDF  in "hopper" for debate.

MIKE Turner < MY CURRENT CONGRESSMAN

https://turner.house.gov/ 

https://www.facebook.com/RepMikeTurner/photos/a.10150484650621648/10158787119361648/?type=3


 JOE & MIKE 
 



https://anthonygonzalez.house.gov/



https://www.brown.senate.gov/


SHERROD BROWN
(  MY US SENATOR  )
 "UNITY"


This Buckeye hopeD Democrats Warnock  and Ossoff 
- [would] 
defeat the Republicans  - in Georgia ... - done! 


 https://d.newsweek.com/en/full/1673652/warnock-ossoff.jpg  
CONTACT Form 
DNC Vision of America - by Hans Neuhart 8-29-2020 https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/20/opinion/biden-president.html    "unity!" < New YORK Times 
John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg
 https://hansandcassady.org/Profiles-In-Courage.html


https://hansandcassady.org/Profiles-In-Courage.html  < "...  Defining "Political Courage"
book INDEX
&REFERENCES



https://hansandcassady.org/Profiles-In-Courage-INDEX.html
WELSHLY  ARMS
CLEVELAND, OHIO BAND

https://hansandcassady.org/Welshly-SAVE.html
CONTACT Form 

:: Halasanas AT the YMCA are fun

 https://hansandcassady.org/NOW-is-IMG-0164-Copy.mp4   < sUSAN HALANA KLEPTZ



DUMP TRUMP

 halasana for Hans "Dump Trump"

 https://hansandcassady.org/result-Dump-Trump.mp4   
< DUMP TRUMP


https://hansandcassady.org/Yoga.html  > yoga PAGE
      - halasana at Kleptz YMCA- OhiO

 https://hansandcassady.org/NOW-is-IMG-0164-Copy.mp4   < sUSAN HALANA KLEPTZ 
CONTACT Form 

   https://hansandcassady.org/contact_form/indexCOPY8-15-2018.html 

FLOWCHART (IN PROGRESS)
Figure 1

Vaccine development And DELIVERY TRACKING System ... 

  https://hansandcassady.org/bATTELLE-offer.html  

Sanjay Gupta "tIBUS" ERIVaccine < Google > 


 https://www.hhs.gov/coronavirus/covid-19-vaccines/index.html  

"ASSUME"  > "ASS - OUTA - "U" & "ME" ... 

  https://hansandcassady.org/bATTELLE-offer.html  

SARS-COV-2 "vaccine" 
-
 You know what happens when you assert--you make an ass out of the emergency response team.  > 
https://www.hhs.gov/coronavirus/covid-19-vaccines/index.html
 https://hansandcassady.org/Trump-RadicaliZation.html  < ( TIME magazine article "shred" in progress )


   Where to get more information:  www.hhs.gov/coronavirus/explaining-operation-warp-speed/index.html   Operation Warp Speed (official web site)        


    Note: MY  CONTACT Form  ( THIS DATE ) has been fixed - Sorry for any inconvenience. 



 YOGA-MAIN  )     < RECENT Yoga PoseS Attempted by Susan : Videos ...  : Welshly ARMS ( < AMERICAN RHYTHMIC Yoga Pose MUSIC )

  > < "unity!" < New YORK Times DNC Vision of America - by Hans Neuhart 8-29-2020   
   ::  CONTACT Form 
 ::  :: Warnock  Ossoff   ::   https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/20/opinion/biden-president.html  "Unity!"  


https://abc6onyourside.com/news/local/who-could-replace-rob-portman-us-senate-1-25-2021 ] 
 Jim Jordan: 
"Premier Trump Ass Kisser" "why?" = https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Jordan_(American_politician)  [ OH- 4 ] 
 

         https://hansandcassady.org/Profiles-In-Courage.html  [ INDEX ]  "PROFILES IN COURAGE"   - 


"unity!" < New YORK Times DNC Vision of America - by Hans Neuhart 8-29-2020Dear President-Elect Biden,   I am a retired American female - and, I vote.  I am extremely pleased that YOU and Senator [Vice President ELECT] Harris won. I think (thus far) you are doing a great job!  YOUR DAILY "Profiles IN Courage" DURING THIS TRANSITION - MADE MORE DIFFICULT BY - Donald J. Trump - IS APPRECIATED !    God Speed,  Mr. Biden & Ms. Harris!  Thank you - again - for your "public service".  - Susan  I hope my VIDEO helped YOU & "brothers" Warnock-OSSOFF          [ DUMP TRUMP VIDEO >  https://hansandcassady.org/result-Dump-Trump.mp4   ]   


 



 

 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Gonzalez_(politician) 


  ::   DNC Vision of America - by Hans Neuhart 8-29-2020
 ARTwork by Hans Neuhart [ medical, science, DIGITAL artist & Susan's VERY fine husband - since 1982 ]  

  



  

  "Bicycle Bob"
 Bob Davis - Kleptz  ( memory )


Thought of & missed by:

Hans, Susan, Judy & hundreds of others ...

Jon-Ossoff

-


Raphael Warnock 

 EndorsementsAndrew Young :  Cory BookerSherrod Brown - OHIO Kirsten GillibrandJeff MerkleyChris Murphy,  Bernie Sanders,  Brian Schatz, and Elizabeth Warren, the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
Stacey Abrams, and former presidents:: Barack Obama and Jimmy Carter



   ( END  page ONE )   CONTACT Form