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SOURCE: https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Rosen%20Transcript.pdf





4 5 6 7 8 INTERVIEW OF JEFFREY ROSEN 9 10 11 12 13 SATURDAY, AUGUST 7, 2021 14 15 16 17 The interview was convened, pursuant to notice, at 10:00 18 a.m., and was conducted at the Dirksen 19 Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 20 21 22 23 24 25 2 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 P R O C E E D I N G S 2 10:04 a.m. 3 Ms. Zdeb. It is 10:04. We can go on the 4 record. Welcome, Mr. Rosen. 5 I have a short preamble to go over and then 6 we'll jump into questioning. 7 Mr. Rosen. Sure. 8 Ms. Zdeb. This is a transcribed interview of 9 Jeffrey Rosen. Chair Durbin requested this interview as part 10 of the Senate Judiciary Committee's investigation into efforts 11 to involve the Justice Department in former President Trump's 12 attempts to overturn the 2020 presidential election. 13 Would the witness please state your name for 14 the record. 15 Mr. Rosen. Yes, my name is Jeffrey Rosen. 16 Ms. Zdeb. On behalf of the Chair, Mr. Rosen, I 17 thank you for appearing here today. We appreciate your 18 willingness to appear voluntarily. 19 My name is Sara Zdeb. I'm the Majority Chief 20 Oversight Counsel for the Judiciary Committee. And I'll ask 21 everyone else in the room to introduce themselves for the 22 record, except for Mr. Rosen's counsel, who we'll get to in a 23 few minutes. 24 And we'll start with the Senators. 25 Mr. Blumenthal. Richard Blumenthal, United 3 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 States Senator from Connecticut. 2 Mr. Whitehouse. Sheldon Whitehouse, Rhode 3 Island. 4 Ms. Zdeb. The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do 5 not apply to the Committee’s investigative activities, 6 including transcribed interviews. That said, we do follow 7 some guidelines that I will go over now. 8 Our questioning will proceed in rounds. The 9 Majority staff will ask questions for one hour, then Minority 10 staff will have the opportunity to ask questions for an equal 11 amount of time. We'll go back and forth in this manner until 12 there are no more questions. 13 We typically take a short break at the end of 14 each hour. And if you need to take a break at any point 15 before that, please just let us know. And assuming we're 16 still going, we will take a lunch break at some point. 17 As I mentioned earlier, you are here 18 voluntarily. You have been authorized by the Department of 19 Justice to provide "unrestricted testimony, irrespective of 20 potential privilege" on topics within the scope of the 21 Committee's investigation. Accordingly, we anticipate that 22 our questions will receive complete responses. 23 As you can see, we have a stenographer taking 24 down everything that we say in order to make a written record, 25 so we ask that you use verbal responses to each question. 4 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Do you understand? 2 Mr. Rosen. Yes. 3 Ms. Zdeb. We encourage witnesses who appear 4 before the Committee to consult freely with counsel if they 5 choose. You are appearing here today with counsel. 6 Counsel, would you please introduce 7 yourselves for the record. 8 Mr. Brown. Reginald Brown, counsel for Jeff 9 Rosen. And I am accompanied by two colleagues. 10 Mr. Byrnes. John Byrnes. 11 Mr. Gallagher. Nicholas Gallagher. 12 Ms. Zdeb. Thank you. 13 And I just realized that I neglected to give 14 the other counsel for the Committee an opportunity to 15 introduce themselves, as well as department counsel. 16 So we can do that now, and then I'll continue. 17 Ms. McClain Walton. Good morning, Nicole 18 McClain Walton, Counsel, Oversight for Chair Durbin. 19 Mr. Flynn-Brown. Good morning, Mr. Rosen. My name 20 is Josh Flynn-Brown. I am Deputy Chief Investigative counsel 21 for Senator Grassley. 22 The minority was unaware that Democratic members 23 would be attending until this morning, about an hour before 24 today’s interview. I want to let you know, as a courtesy, 25 that in light of this recent development, Republican members 5 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 might attend during the course of today’s interview. And 2 Senator Tillis just arrived as I was speaking. So, as a 3 courtesy we wanted to make sure you were aware of additional 4 members and their potential attendance. 5 Mr. Rosen. Thank you. 6 Ms. Zdeb. There are two counsels for the 7 Department of Justice. Would you introduce yourselves as 8 well, please. 9 Mr. Weinsheimer. Brad Weinsheimer, 10 Department of Justice. 11 Ms. Antell. Kira Antell, Department of 12 Justice. 13 Ms. Zdeb. Thank you. 14 Mr. Rosen, we want you to answer our 15 questions in a complete and truthful manner. If you don't 16 understand one of our questions, please let us know. You 17 should understand that, although this interview is not under 18 oath, by law, you are required to answer questions from 19 Congress truthfully. 20 Do you understand that? 21 Mr. Rosen. Yes. 22 Ms. Zdeb. Specifically, witnesses who 23 knowingly provide materially false statements during the 24 course of a Congressional investigation could be subject to 25 criminal prosecution under 18 USC 1001, and this statute 6 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 applies to your statement in this interview. 2 Do you understand that? 3 Mr. Rosen. I will tell the truth, as always. 4 Ms. Zdeb. Is there any reason why you are 5 unable to provide truthful testimony here today? 6 Mr. Rosen. Not that I'm aware of. 7 Ms. Zdeb. Finally, we ask that you not speak 8 about what we discussed in this interview with anyone outside 9 of the room in order to preserve the integrity of our 10 investigation. 11 Is there anything that my colleagues from the 12 Minority would like to add? 13 I will take that as a no. 14 This is the end of my preamble. Do you have 15 any questions before we start? 16 Mr. Rosen. I just want to make sure that 17 your colleagues had heard that. 18 Ms. Zdeb. Did you have anything to add at 19 this point? 20 Mr. Flynn-Brown. I do not. Thank you. 21 Ms. Zdeb. Mr. Rosen, I understand you have 22 a prepared statement. If you wish to give it, now would be 23 the time. 24 Mr. Brown. If I might, before he gives his 25 statement, I want to make sure we enter some items into the 7 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 record. 2 The letter of authorization from the Department of 3 Justice dated July 26, 2021; the prior authorization, which 4 remains in effect, which was May 9, 2021; and the letter of 5 nonobjection from Doug Collins on behalf of former President 6 Trump dated August 2, 2021. These authorize testimony that 7 Mr. Rosen will give today. 8 Ms. Zdeb. Thank you. And those will be 9 entered into the record. 10 Mr. Rosen. Okay. Well, thank you. I thought I'd 11 offer some preliminary observations to help frame the 12 discussion and facilitate some conversation. So thank you for 13 the opportunity to make some preliminary observations as we 14 begin the voluntarily transcribed interview. With both the 15 current President and the former President having confirmed 16 that they do not object to my responding to these questions, 17 I'm here today to share with you, and the American public, 18 information about events during the period that I served as 19 the Acting Attorney General. 20 So I want to affirm at the outset that during 21 my tenure at the Department of Justice, my priority was to 22 ensure that the Department would always proceed on the basis 23 of the facts and the legal merits to enforce the Constitution 24 and preserve the rule of law. We did that. And I was honored 25 to have led and have served alongside the extraordinary team 8 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 of public servants who always put the best interests of our 2 country first. 3 During my tenure as the Acting Attorney 4 General, which began on December 24 of last year, the 5 Department of Justice maintained the position, publicly 6 announced by former Attorney General William Barr, that the 7 Department had been presented with no evidence of widespread 8 voter fraud in a scale sufficient to change the outcome of the 9 2020 election. We thus held firm to the position that the 10 Department would not participate in any campaign’s or 11 political parties' legal challenges to the certification of 12 the Electoral College votes, and that there must be an orderly 13 and peaceful transfer under the Constitution. 14 In particular, then, during my tenure, we 15 appointed no special prosecutors. We sent no letters to 16 states or state legislators disputing the election outcome. 17 We made no public comments saying the election was corrupt and 18 should be overturned. We initiated no Supreme Court actions, 19 nor filed or joined any other lawsuits, calling into question 20 the legitimacy of the election and our institutions. 21 To the contrary, the only time the Department 22 of Justice filed a brief in court regarding the election, it 23 was to say that a Congressional member's lawsuit to overturn 24 the election should be dismissed. And it was. 25 Back in April of 2019, when I appeared before 9 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 the Senate Judiciary Committee at my nomination hearing, I 2 testified, "If the appropriate answer is to say no to 3 somebody, then I will say no." That's exactly what I did. 4 At the outset, I want to comment on the 5 actions of two people you will likely be interested in; 6 President Trump, and former Acting Assistant Attorney General 7 for the Civil Division, Jeffrey Clark. 8 President Trump's unwillingness to accept the 9 results of the election is public and well known. I thought 10 that was misguided, and I disagreed with things that President 11 Trump suggested the Justice Department do with regard to the 12 election, so we did not do them. 13 But when I and others told the President he was misinformed or 14 wrong or that we would not take various actions to discredit 15 the election’s validity, he acquiesced to the Department's 16 position. 17 The President was persistent with his inquiries. 18 And I would have strongly preferred if he had chosen a 19 different focus in the last month of his presidency. But as to 20 the actual issues put to the Justice Department, DOJ 21 consistently acted with integrity, and the rule of law held 22 fast. 23 It was unfortunate that I ultimately had to 24 seek a meeting with the President on the evening of January 25 3rd, 2021, to persuade the President not to pursue a different 10 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 path endorsed by Jeffrey Clark, which would have ended my 2 tenure. But with the support of the entire DOJ's senior 3 leadership team, and the White House counsel as well, the 4 President himself decided not to do that, not to pursue that 5 alternative path. 6 To this day, I find Mr. Clark's actions 7 inexplicable. I'll do my best to answer your questions today, 8 recognizing my memory is unlikely to be perfect, as the events 9 occurred many months ago during an extraordinary time for our 10 country, and additional access to documents or other things to 11 jog my memory could be useful. 12 But the key thing that I clearly remember, 13 and will underscore today, is that during my time as Acting 14 Attorney General, the Department of Justice maintained its 15 integrity and maintained the rule of law with regard to last 16 year's elections. 17 Having seen no widespread fraud sufficient to 18 change the election result, we resisted entreaties from any 19 source to take public actions or make public statements that 20 would negate the results of the election. 21 So if there any further questions, I'll be 22 happy to address them. 23 Ms. Zdeb. Thank you, Mr. Rosen, for that 24 opening statement. We're glad to have the opportunity to 25 speak with you. And as you can imagine, we do have some 11 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 questions. So it is 10:16, and we will start our first round 2 of questioning. 3 BY MS. ZDEB. 4 Q. You alluded to Jeffrey Clark. As you can imagine, 5 we have a number of questions about Mr. Clark. We'll get to 6 them shortly. But before we do that, I wanted to start with a 7 couple of basic questions just to contextualize the discussion 8 we're going to have today. 9 So in terms of your role at the Department, 10 you were confirmed when? 11 A. May 16 of 2019. 12 Q. And you became Acting AG, I think you said earlier, 13 officially on December 23rd; is that right? 14 A. I think technically the 24th, because 15 Attorney General Barr departed on the 23rd, so yes. 16 Q. You alluded to Attorney General Barr's statements 17 before his resignation to the effect of the Department had not 18 found any evidence of widespread election fraud sufficient to 19 change the outcome of the election. 20 A. Right. 21 Q. He -- I believe he made one of those statements on 22 December 1. And then, although he didn't actually resign 23 until the 23rd, he announced on the 14th that he would be 24 resigning. When did you first learn that Attorney General 25 Barr would be stepping aside? 12 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. Well, there's two parts to that. I was aware that 2 he was considering whether he was going to stay to the end or 3 not. But in terms of his actual decision, I learned of it the 4 day he resigned. 5 Q. Did he share with you what prompted his decision to 6 resign or to announce his resignation on the 14th? 7 A. Well, he wrote a letter that I saw. I don't 8 think he and I had a discussion about it. 9 Ms. Zdeb. Just for the record, I wanted to 10 note that Ranking Member Grassley is now present in the 11 interview. 12 Good morning, Senator Grassley. 13 BY MS. ZDEB. 14 Q. Mr. Rosen, under the Department's line of 15 succession, the DAG, which is the position you held at the 16 time, is next in line to become Acting Attorney General as the 17 Attorney General position; is that right? 18 A. I believe so. 19 Q. Did you become aware at any point around the 14th 20 when Attorney General Barr announced that he would be 21 resigning, that President Trump was considering bypassing you 22 and asking Richard Donoghue, your deputy, to step in as the 23 Acting Attorney General? 24 A. I don't think I had any specific discussions to that 25 effect. I think -- when I was aware that Attorney General 13 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Barr had not decided to stay until the end, I think it was an 2 obvious question as to would the President go with the normal 3 line of succession or something else. But with regard to my 4 deputy, in particular, I don't think I had any conversation 5 about that. 6 Q. Did you have an impression as to why the President 7 might not go with the ordinary line of succession? 8 A. No, but he had departed from it in the past with 9 other departments. 10 Q So there was not some sense that he was unhappy with 11 you? 12 A. At least not that I -- that he had communicated to 13 me. 14 Q. Fair enough. 15 I want to show you a document, again, in the 16 vein of contextualizing some of the discussion that we're 17 going to have about Mr. Clark's activities. 18 My colleague, Nicole, is handing you a 19 document that we marked as Exhibit Number 1. It begins in 20 Bates No. -680, at the bottom of the page. 21 (Exhibit 1, email, was 22 marked.) BY MS. ZDEB. 23 Q. So this is an email that Mr. Donoghue, your deputy, 24 sent to the Department's leadership, copying you on November 25 11th, 2020. 14 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Do you recall receiving this document at the 2 time? 3 A. Yes. I think we had discussed this. 4 Q. And the two attachments to this email are the 5 companion policies that the White House and the Department 6 maintained at the time, and still maintain, that govern 7 contacts between the Department and the White House; is that 8 right? 9 If you need a minute to review. 10 A. I remember that we had been operating at the time 11 under the contact policy that had been put in place originally 12 by Attorney General Mukasey, and then a revised version by 13 Attorney General Holder, a memorandum. That was one of the 14 reasons -- is that what's attached? 15 Q. Yes, that's right. 16 So the first of these memos is the Holder 17 version of it. And you're welcome to take as much time to 18 review it as you want, but I mostly just want to get a sense 19 from you of at the time Mr. Donoghue circulated these, what 20 was your understanding of the restrictions that they imposed? 21 A. Well, the general idea was to channel the sensitive 22 communications -- in other words, there are certain things, 23 legislation is appropriate to have staff to staff discussions, 24 but the more sensitive communications, they should be at a top 25 level. On the White House side, the President and the White 15 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 House Counsel, and on the Justice Department side, the 2 Attorney General, Deputy Attorney General, or, in some places, 3 the Associate Attorney General. And they can deputize others, 4 but they typically should be aware of the communications. 5 Q. So, in other words, it places sort of ministerial, 6 for lack of a better word, limits on who in each of the 7 Department and the White House can communicate with to the 8 other about pending civil, criminal investigations or cases. 9 Is that consistent with your understanding? 10 A. That's trying to channel to the leadership at each 11 end of the street, let's say, who can have the communications 12 or have authorized them. 13 Q. And there's another aspect to the policy that I 14 wanted to draw your attention to. There's a little "a" at the 15 bottom of the very first page of the Holder memo. 16 A. Right. 17 Q. And it says, "In order to ensure the President's 18 ability to perform his constitutional obligation 'to take care 19 that the laws will be faithfully executed,' the Justice 20 Department will advise the White House concerning pending or 21 contemplated criminal or civil investigations or cases when -- 22 but only when -- it is important for the performance of the 23 President's duties and appropriate from a law enforcement 24 perspective." 25 So when I read it, I understand the policy 16 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 not just to impose ministerial limitations on who can talk to 2 whom, but also it reflects limits on when the Department can 3 have these sorts of conversations in the first place. In 4 other words, only when it is important for the performance of 5 the President's duties. 6 Is that consistent with how you understood it 7 at the time? 8 A. Some variation on that. The President has the 9 overall obligation to faithfully execute the laws. So you're 10 not going to have a situation where the Attorney General can't 11 take the President's phone calls, because you don't know what 12 the call is about. So -- but then it's really calling for 13 some judgment and sensitivity to the balance that has to be 14 struck between things where it enables the President to 15 perform his functions and also the Department to have 16 direction from the President versus things where there's no 17 real reason for the discussion to happen. 18 So it's common, I think, for a fairly sensitive 19 judgment to have to occur regarding those. 20 Q. I can understand that as well, which is why I 21 imagine it has this language about ensuring the President's 22 ability to perform his constitutional obligations, on the one 23 hand; but then on the other hand, there is also language in 24 the very first -- the very first paragraph of that memo 25 emphasizing that the legal judgments of the Department of 17 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Justice must be impartial and insulated from political 2 influence. 3 And so, as I read this document, it seems to be striking 4 a balance between enabling the President to do his job but 5 also the very important purpose of insulating the Department 6 from improper political influence. Would you agree with 7 that? 8 A. Well, as it says in the second paragraph of this 9 memorandum, it sets out the guidelines to govern the 10 communications. So this is the thing. Not to speak for 11 Attorney General Holder or his state of mind, the direction, 12 there are conventions that are designed to strike these 13 balances that the Department has had. And I think these 14 guidelines or conventions, if you will, are designed to ensure 15 that things are done on the merits. 16 As I said in my preliminary remarks, that I 17 think the Justice Department in the case of investigations has 18 to proceed on the basis of the facts and the law and not 19 extraneous considerations. 20 Q. While we're on the topic of policies, I did want to 21 briefly ask you about a different policy, which is the 22 Department's policy of -- I forget the exact title, but it is 23 the one that has long been reflected in the Election Crimes 24 Branch's manual on election crimes. I see you nodding your 25 head. It has the policy of noninterference in elections. And 18 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 it is the one that Attorney General Barr updated in November 2 of 2020. 3 Do you have a general understanding of what 4 I'm referring to? 5 A. I remember that. The general policy of 6 noninterference is very long-standing. And, like a lot of 7 these things, the nuances of the policy can be addressed from 8 time to time. 9 But I remember Attorney General Barr did 10 update them on that. I want to say after the election; maybe 11 before the election. I don't remember exactly, as I sit here. 12 Ms. Zdeb. And for the record, 13 Senator Klobuchar just walked in. 14 BY MS. ZDEB. 15 Q. So, again, your recollection of these policies is 16 consistent with -- my understanding is, as I understood it, 17 the long-standing policy of the Department, at least before 18 Attorney General Barr's November update, was essentially to 19 avoid taking overt investigative steps in election fraud 20 matters in the period of time between when people started 21 casting ballots and when the vote was certified. 22 Does that ring a bell with your 23 understanding? 24 A. Say that again. I think I may have missed a word. 25 Q. As I understand it, the prior policy before Attorney 19 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 General Barr's memo was that in the post-election period, so 2 essentially starting when voters began to cast ballots and 3 ending when the vote was certified, during that entire period 4 of time, the Department, at least pursuant to the old policy, 5 would avoid -- would generally avoid taking investigative 6 steps that were overt, in order to avoid interjecting the 7 Department into the process. 8 A. It would help if I have that document, because I 9 remember there was a process of preliminary reporting. So 10 some of this gets into terminology; what's an inquiry, what's 11 an investigation, what are the steps and the like. 12 Conceptually, I want to say I think AG Barr's 13 memo was changing the time frame with regard to the 14 certification date versus -- I think it was Election Day. But 15 I need the document to make sure I have got that right. 16 Q. Sure. I'm happy to share a copy of the document 17 with you. I apologize to other counsel that I don't have 18 extra copies of this. 19 So I've just handed you a document that we 20 can mark as Exhibit Number 2, which is Attorney General 21 Barr's November 9th, 2020, memo. And you can take a minute 22 to go over it, if that would help. 23 (Exhibit 2, memo, was marked.) 24 Mr. Rosen. I'll look it over. But so as to 25 not be inefficient with your time and mine, this is the -- 20 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Attorney General Barr's changed policy, announced on November 2 9th. 3 BY MS. ZDEB. 4 Q. Yes. 5 A. What I was alluding to is the prior policy. I 6 thought it had more descriptions of different stages of 7 things. And I'm not really -- to be clear, I'm being 8 technical here. I'm not sure it's even -- I'm not trying to 9 disagree with you. I'm just trying to understand, sometimes 10 these policies, they speak for themselves. 11 So in my effort to summarize it, I'm trying 12 to be very accurate. I'm not sure if that's the use of time 13 you want. 14 Q. And I appreciate that. I mostly want to ask you 15 about the document that you have in front of you so we can 16 move on from that one. 17 A. Okay. 18 Q. So that memo was issued by the Attorney General in 19 November of 2020, about a week or so following the election. 20 And you said earlier that you were in the Department in 2019. 21 And I'm curious whether, to your knowledge, 22 there was any consideration given by the Attorney General or 23 anyone else within the Department to making the policy changes 24 reflected in that memo at some point before the election. 25 A. Well, that might be something that Attorney General 21 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Barr would know about. He is the most knowledgeable about it, 2 I suppose. I think -- sorry, I was just trying to be a little 3 precise here. 4 Are you asking me whether this memo was 5 discussed and prepared before the election, or are you asking 6 me whether there had earlier been changes considered that 7 would move this date to pre-election? 8 Q. The latter of the two. So I'm curious about the 9 fact that it was not until a week after the election that the 10 Attorney General changed the policy, when it seems to me there 11 were four years in which to do that. 12 So I'm just asking if you had any awareness 13 of whether consideration was given to doing it previously, as 14 opposed to immediately after the election. 15 A. I think -- I don't know the answer as to whether it 16 was in consideration of changing this in, say, a year before 17 or something like that. I think this memo itself didn't just 18 turn up on November 9th, but the Attorney General had been 19 considering it earlier. 20 Q. At some point, did a policy disagreement develop 21 between the Department's Public Integrity Section, or PIN, and 22 the Department's leadership about this memo and the 23 application of the memo in the post-election period? 24 A. I'm trying to remember when this was announced. And 25 I think that this was something AG Barr was overseeing 22 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 himself. So I think that, as often happens when there's a new 2 policy like this, there's some friction in the early 3 administration of it. But I don't know that -- I don't know 4 the details of that. 5 Q. Did you have a sense that the friction, to use your 6 word, had to do with, perhaps, a desire by Public Integrity to 7 hew a bit more toward their preexisting approach to these 8 things, on one hand, and on the other hand, the Attorney 9 General's desire to be a little bit more forward-leaning in 10 terms of the types of investigative steps the Department would 11 take? 12 A. I don't remember myself having discussions with the 13 Public Integrity Section leadership or staff. So I don't think 14 I have firsthand communications to share on that. 15 As I say, a new policy like this comes out, 16 there's implementation issues. So I think the folks on my 17 staff and the AG staff were involved with that, but I don't 18 think I had discussions with Public 19 Integrity Section about that. 20 Q. Do you recall the career head of the 21 Election Crimes Branch within Public Integrity stepping down 22 from his position, albeit not from the Department, in response 23 to this friction? 24 A. Mr. Pilger, yes. I remember him stepping down, but 25 I don't remember if he said that it was specifically this or 23 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 some follow-up to this. But I do remember him stepping down. 2 Q. And were you ever personally asked to step in and 3 essentially mediate disputes between Public Integrity and 4 others within the Department when it came to the application 5 of this policy? 6 A. Not that I recall, as I sit here today. As I said, 7 I think my deputy – my staff -- probably might have been, 8 would have been responsible for something like that, but I 9 don't remember the details. 10 Ms. Zdeb. Okay. So I want to ask you about 11 a communication you received on the same day that Attorney 12 General Barr announced that he would be resigning. And we can 13 mark that as Exhibit Number 3 for the record. 14 (Exhibit 3, document, was 15 marked.) 16 Ms. McClain Walton. Just for the record, we 17 are happy to have so many Senators in the room today. We did 18 not make a copy. So I apologize in advance if I don't have a 19 copy for everyone. 20 (Discussion off record.) 21 Ms. Zdeb. So Exhibit Number 3 is a document 22 starting on page that is Bates-numbered -425 at the bottom, 23 and it's a December 14 email from Molly Michael, in the 24 Executive Office of the President, to you. 25 And it has a couple of other attachments. 24 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 BY MS. ZDEB. 2 Q. Do you recall receiving this email? 3 A. Well, the email shows that I did. I don't actually 4 specifically remember it showing up, but it is addressed to 5 me. 6 Q. So we can continue to take this outside the context 7 of this particular email for a minute. The attachments to the 8 email involved the allegations concerning Antrim County, 9 Michigan. 10 Do you have a general recollection of what 11 those allegations were? 12 A. Yes. Well, again -- well, let me sort of clarify 13 because I don't want to be overly precise. 14 Do I remember this popping up in my email, 15 no. But do I remember the document, yes. 16 So the 14th was the day that AG Barr resigned 17 and I was asked to become the Acting Attorney General, which I 18 agreed to do. 19 So the next day -- well, two things. One is, 20 at some point, probably the next day, I don't remember 21 precisely, I looked at this, you know, in an overview kind of 22 way because I think we had received a briefing from DHS of the 23 voting machines issues previously that was inconsistent with 24 this. This did not seem accurate. 25 And the next day, the 15th, Richard Donoghue 25 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 and I and others were asked to go to a meeting at the White 2 House, at which several things were covered, but one of which 3 was mentioned was this report. And, you know, I'll be happy 4 to get into it more with your questions, but the gist of it 5 was we had shared with the President -- he had said that he 6 had asserted that other people were telling him there was 7 fraud, you know, corruption in the election. The voting 8 machines were no good. 9 And we were telling him that is inconsistent, 10 by "we," I mean Richard Donoghue and myself, that that was not 11 what we were seeing. It was inconsistent with the Justice 12 Department's assessment at that point. So 13 I think this report came up. That's why I remember it. It was 14 not because it hit my inbox, as such, but because it was 15 discussed the next day. 16 Q. So -- and I'm sorry to interrupt, but I wanted to 17 just clarify that. I take it you -- and you don't recall 18 seeing the email in your inbox and specifically noticing that 19 subject line that said from 20 POTUS; is that right? 21 A. Not -- yeah, not specifically. I'm not denying that 22 I got it and noticed it. I mean, if you get an email that 23 says from POTUS, you probably notice that. I'm just saying, 24 as I sit here today, did that register, I don't remember it 25 today. I remember it because of the content just described. 26 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. You mentioned having received at some point an 2 updated or a briefing from DHS about the voting machine 3 allegations reflected in this document. 4 And just for the record, the document is a 5 so-called forensic report that has a number of assertions 6 about what happened in this county in Michigan. One of them, 7 for instance, is that there was something like a 68 percent 8 error rate as a result of the voting machines. 9 A. Yes. That was totally wrong. 10 Q. And so it sounds like you knew at the time that -- 11 either that you received this or that you first started 12 focusing on it, which I understand may not have been until the 13 meeting the next day, whenever that time was, you knew that 14 the claims in the document were not accurate? 15 A. So two aspects of this. The document appeared to be 16 inconsistent with what we had heard from the folks at CISA, 17 from DHS -- Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency 18 is the acronym -- who had come over, I think at AG's Barr's 19 request, and briefed us with regards to some information about 20 voting machines. And what we were seeing, this appeared to be 21 inconsistent with what we had seen. In some aspects, 22 inconsistent with things that we picked up in our own 23 analyses. 24 But there was -- and I believe that Mr. Cuccinelli 25 had told us -- or maybe it was someone from CISA -- Mr. 27 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Cuccinelli just happened to be at this White House meeting. 2 So I was concerned about that inconsistency. 3 But we had become aware there was going to be 4 a hand recount in this county. That had not yet occurred but 5 was in the works. I think we learned in short order -- from 6 memory, I can't say exactly, but I'm guestimating, say two or 7 three days, something like that. And then in short order, we 8 were advised that a hand recount showed that there was not a 9 differential, or if there was, it was minuscule. Even less 10 than the allowable rate, refuting this report. 11 Q. Do you know why Attorney General Barr asked that DHS 12 or CISA come and brief the Department on the voting machine 13 issue? 14 A. Well, I don't remember if he told me why he set up 15 the meeting. But I know in a general sense, we were 16 investigating -- "investigating" may not be the correct word 17 -- we were addressing the reports or complaints of different 18 types of election fraud as they came to the U.S. Attorneys or 19 FBI, et cetera. But we were not really expert in the voting 20 machines. That was more of DHS. So I think we had a need to 21 understand some of those machines. 22 Q. Was it because the claims about the Dominion 23 machines seemed credible to the Department, or was it just 24 more a desire to understand? 25 A. I think it was -- well, I'll speak for myself. It 28 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 ,was the latter. 2 Q. So let's talk about the meeting that you attended on 3 the 15th. And you said, "you," meaning the Department, were 4 asked to go to the White House. 5 Did I hear that correctly? 6 A. Well, in part. I think that Richard Donoghue and I 7 received a request to come on over to the White House that 8 afternoon. And then we told AG Barr. 9 I don't think, the best I recall sitting here 10 today, that I knew exactly what it was going to be about or 11 who else was going to be there. I think that was -- if I 12 remember correctly, I think that was the day the Electoral 13 College had met. So I thought it might have something to do 14 with that's all over, or it might have been to get better 15 acquinted -- you know, the President announced the day before 16 we were in charge. 17 The short answer is I didn't know initially 18 what the meeting was going to be about. It turned out that it 19 was -- the President wanted to discuss the election. 20 Q. And you said that you and Mr. Donoghue were 21 specifically requested to attend. Did it seem strange to you 22 that Attorney General Barr also wasn't asked? Because this was 23 the day after he announced he would be leaving, but he still 24 had a couple weeks left before he actually stepped down. 25 Did that seem strange to you? 29 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. Well, I didn’t really know the subject, so I didn’t. 2 I, you know, we told AG Barr, and he was okay. I was going to 3 be Acting Attorney General. 4 Q. When you got to the meeting and realized that the 5 subject related to the 2020 election, at that point did it 6 seem strange to you that Mr. Barr had been excluded? 7 A. No, because he had said he was leaving and he had 8 publicly said what the Department's posture was with regard to 9 that. And we were maintaining that. So it didn't seem that 10 unusual that the President -- when the President in effect has 11 said, "You guys will soon be doing this. Have the AG send 12 over 13 the guys that currently work for him and soon will be in 14 charge." 15 And as I said, we made it very clear to the 16 President the things that AG Barr had said publicly, which 17 were, in fact, consistent with what we saw as well. 18 Q. You mentioned that Ken Cuccinelli with the 19 Department of Homeland Security was at the meeting. You were 20 at the meeting. Mr. Donoghue was there. Who else 21 participated? 22 A The White House Counsel Pat Cipollone. And I believe 23 the White House Chief of Staff, Mr. Meadows, was there. 24 Q. Was Chad Mizelle there? 25 A Not at that one. I think that's a subsequent meeting. 30 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. So it sounds like you didn't know what the purpose 2 of the meeting was as you headed over there. 3 And then at a certain point, it became clear that the 4 President wanted to talk about the election. 5 A. Right. 6 Q. Can you just give us a flavor of how the discussion 7 unfolded? 8 A. Yes. 9 So I think it was -- I don't remember the 10 exact kickoff, so I am just going to give you the general 11 recollection of this, but that the President started 12 delivering remarks that, honestly, to me, seemed pretty 13 consistent with the kinds of things that he was putting in the 14 public domain; the election was unfair, there was fraud, bad 15 things happened in 16 Pennsylvania and Georgia. 17 And for a while, he did most of the talking. But 18 then when he sort of walked through "People are telling me 19 this, people are telling me that," we said, "Well, people are 20 telling you things that are not right. This is not accurate." 21 And so he said, "Well, what about this? I saw 22 it on the videotape, somebody delivering a suitcase of 23 ballots." 24 And we said, "It wasn't a suitcase. It was a 25 bin. That's what they use when they're counting ballots. 31 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 It's benign." 2 And, "Well, people told me, you know, this 3 other thing." 4 So, you know, in a fairly high-level way, we were 5 not walking through each piece of evidence, but in a way of 6 saying "They're telling you things that are incorrect." 7 I recall that at one point I said to the 8 President, "I really want to suggest to you, sir, 9 respectfully, that it would be a better thing for everyone to 10 use this last month to focus on some of the things that had 11 been accomplished in the last four years, a -- tax reform and 12 the vaccine, Operation Warp Speed, and not go into this 'the 13 election was corrupt.'" 14 He said, "Oh, people are telling me this is 15 what's happening." 16 So most of the discussion was just back and 17 forth about that. There was this open issue as to the 18 Michigan report. And -- I think it was 19 Mr. Cuccinelli, not certain, but had indicated that there was 20 a hand recount. 21 And I think he said, "That's the gold 22 standard." 23 So we just dropped that, and the hand recount 24 was going on. It was not being done by either DOJ or DHS. It 25 would be done, and that will be that. 32 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 So I think that -- we'll call that a loose 2 end. But, otherwise, it was just an opportunity -- it turned 3 into an opportunity for us to reiterate what AG Barr had 4 said: There was no evidence of widespread fraud on a 5 substantial scale. 6 And that's where it was left at that time, 7 other than this open item which was resolved a few days later 8 when it was reported the hand recount confirmed the result. 9 So at least, as I sit here right now, that's what I remember 10 about that meeting. 11 Q. You mentioned in your opening, that at the end of 12 the day, following all of the events that we've talked about 13 and that we'll talk about later, the Department did not -- and 14 then you listed a number of actions that the Department did 15 not take part in. 16 A. That's right. No public actions, no public 17 statements that would contradict the factual assessment that 18 we had at that time that there had not been widespread fraud 19 on a scale that would change the election. 20 Q. I think you also mentioned that you, among the 21 things the Department did not do, was that it did not appoint 22 special counsels. Was there some discussion during this 23 December 15th meeting of prospect of appointing special 24 counsels? 25 A. I'm trying to sort out in my mind whether it was at 33 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 that meeting or -- I think that that may have come up, because 2 it was -- a lot of what was said in this meeting is consistent 3 with what the President was saying publicly; or was in the 4 public domain and reported that the President said it. And in 5 that time frame, my recollection is that he was publicly, I 6 think, tweeting or doing an interview or something, I don't 7 remember the details. But I think he had called for a special 8 election counsel. 9 I've been trying to sort it out in my memory 10 if that was at the meeting, whether it was outside the 11 meeting; or both, and I'm not totally certain. I think it may 12 have come up in the meeting. 13 And I do remember, whether it was at the 14 meeting or elsewhere, that my response on that was "That is 15 not something I want to discuss. We have to leave that to the 16 Department of Justice to decide," and, of course, we decided 17 not to do it. 18 But that kind of highlights a little bit of 19 the approach that there are some things that my response is 20 just "That's not something that we should talk about. That's 21 for the Department of Justice. We'll figure it out." There 22 were other things like that. And when you get to it, I'll 23 explain which things could be discussed and which things 24 couldn't be. 25 BY MS. MCCLAIN WALTON. 34 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. Mr. Rosen, you said that you weren't sure if 2 President Trump at that meeting or at a subsequent time asked 3 that DOJ appoint a special counsel. 4 Did President Trump ask DOJ to take any other 5 action in response to the allegations that he was sharing with 6 you? 7 A. Not in the sense of, you know, "You should do X." 8 More in this broad way, "People tell me there's fraud. You 9 guys are saying there isn't. Why isn't the Department, you 10 know, doing more to look at this? All these people are 11 telling me that there's fraud in Pennsylvania and Georgia. 12 And why are they saying that? Is the Department going to do 13 its job?" 14 And our response is "The Department is doing 15 its job. And it will continue to do its job. It's for us to 16 sort that out." 17 So he didn't have a specific ask that I 18 remember. As I said, the special counsel, I'm fuzzy if that's 19 in the meeting or elsewhere, but you can put that one aside. 20 I don't remember a specific ask. And, again, 21 I don't mean to be semantic, unless you want to say 22 "Let me know how that hand recount came out." I mean, I 23 suppose that's a specific request. But not -- I don't think 24 that’s what he was referring to in the meeting. 25 Q. Let me ask you a question. When 35 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 President Trump said "Why isn't the Department doing its job," 2 can you indicate or clarify further on what exactly he thought 3 the Department wasn't doing that it should be doing? 4 A. No. And it wasn't at that stage. It wasn't -- 5 his tone was not angry. He wasn't raising his voice or 6 something. It was "People are saying this, you know. I 7 mean, is the Department going to do -- you know, it's your 8 job, isn't it?" 9 You know, it was not belligerent. It was 10 "This is what people are saying." 11 Rich Donoghue and I said, "You know, maybe they're 12 wrong." 13 I'm just trying to be clear that this 14 conversation was about -- he's asserting that there's been 15 election fraud. It's an even-keeled conversation. It's not an 16 attack. But, as I say, it's things he's already saying 17 publically. 18 BY MS. ZDEB. 19 Q. Recognizing, again, that the Department didn't do 20 anything that you listed at the start of your statement today, 21 does the President of the United States need to be 22 belligerent, to use your word, in order to convey that he is 23 unhappy and wishes that the Department would do more? 24 A So I hope I didn't misspeak. I said he was not 25 belligerent. 36 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. That's right. And my question is is it 2 necessary for the President of the United States to be 3 belligerent in order for him to convey that people are saying 4 these things and he wishes that the Department would, to use 5 your words, to do its job? 6 A. I don't think I understand your question. Is it 7 necessary for him to be belligerent? I am not -- I don't 8 think I'm getting what you're asking me. 9 Q. So my colleague asked you "Did the President ask the 10 Department to do anything specific during that meeting," and 11 your response was to the effect of, he -you were saying that 12 he was raising these allegations and saying "people are 13 saying," and he wasn't belligerent. 14 And my question is he's the President of the 15 United States -- 16 A. Oh, I -- 17 Q. -- is it necessary for him to be belligerent in 18 order for you to interpret what he is saying -- 19 A. No. I think I'd say it in the other direction, 20 because I can't control what he says. I can only control what 21 I do from my position. The Department of Justice is going to 22 do its job, whether the President is happy, unhappy, measured, 23 belligerent, that the Department of Justice is going to do 24 what we think is right based on the facts and the law. We're 25 going to be faithful to the rule of law, the Constitution, to 37 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 the system of government we have. And that's independent of 2 anyone else, including the President of the United States. 3 So no, I didn't -- I certainly wouldn't 4 suggest that the tone would have affected how I would perceive 5 it. We were firmly committed. We had an obligation to do the 6 right thing. And that's what we would do, based on the facts 7 and the law. 8 Q. Understood. 9 I guess what I'm trying to get at is there's 10 a distinction between how you and the Department responded, 11 perhaps, and how you received what he was saying. And I'm 12 trying to understand how you received it, recognizing that the 13 way you responded sounds like it may have been the completely 14 appropriate way to respond, but in terms of how it was 15 received. 16 A. Oh, okay. So maybe another way to get at this is 17 when the President is raising these things, just the fact that 18 he's the President and you wanted to pay special attention or 19 whatever, I think my sense of it was he wasn't presenting it 20 as an -- I'll call it parochial item. He was saying the 21 public is concerned; this is an issue of concern. 22 And I think there was truth to that. It's 23 just that the public didn't have all the facts that we at the 24 Justice Department had. So AG Barr had shared -- his 25 assessment, and we were hearing from the President how he 38 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 felt about that. 2 Does that maybe get more at it? 3 Q. It does. 4 It sounds like he was conveying that there 5 were all of these allegations out there that he was hearing 6 that people were talking about. He would perhaps express some 7 frustration that the Department wasn't doing more, and then 8 you responded, as you said you responded, which was to make 9 clear that the Department was doing its job. 10 Is that sort of a fair summation? 11 A. That's consistent with what I said. 12 Q. One more question about this meeting before we move 13 on. You talked about Georgia, Pennsylvania, and obviously, 14 the Antrim County issue. We talked about special counsels. 15 Was there any discussion at this meeting 16 about the prospect of the Department filing some sort of legal 17 action in the Supreme Court or otherwise? 18 A. Not at that meeting. That did come up subsequently. 19 Q. And just so I'm tracking, what do you recall 20 specifically, at what meeting or on what phone call that it 21 came up? 22 A. So actually -- I'm sorry, I'm trying to listen and 23 make sure I understood. Did you say lawsuit with the Supreme 24 Court about the election? 25 Q. Just about the election. 39 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. Okay. Then, what I said was accurate. 2 Okay. So, then, what do I remember about 3 that? At some point, the President had called and he had 4 wanted to talk again about his concern people are saying 5 there's fraud; you are saying there's not. Is the Department 6 going to look into things? 7 I think my general position was the 8 department will do its job. If there's information presented 9 that fits the criteria, the people would look into it. If it 10 doesn't fit the criteria -- I mean, there's different levels 11 of proof that it takes to be at different stages of inquiry -- 12 then we won't. But you do that on the merits, on the factual 13 and legal merits. 14 And everybody knows what we've seen up to that point. Just 15 days before, DOJ was talking publicly -- because on the 21st, 16 at a press conference, AG Barr had elaborated on what he said 17 previously. 18 So I'm trying to remember the first time the 19 Supreme Court lawsuit thing came up, but I think it's 20 in a phone call. There may be documents that would help me 21 remember the date, but I want to say Sunday, Monday of the 22 week after Christmas. So the 27th, 28th, somewhere in there. 23 At first, I don't know that I quite knew what he 24 was talking about, because I originally thought he was talking 25 about Texas, the state was filing a lawsuit. Their case had 40 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 been rejected by the Supreme Court, as I recall. 2 Later there was actually an odd set of 3 events. The President had his assistant send me and some 4 others a draft brief that I did not think was appropriate for 5 the Department to file. And -- I'll kind of give you the 6 bottom line, and you can ask me if you want more specifics. 7 The bottom line was we thought it was not well founded, 8 legally. It wasn't something the Department should do. 9 So I wound up having a conversation with the 10 President where I told him that. This is not something we're 11 going to do. And he asked why. And I explained. And he said 12 okay. We didn't do it. 13 But there's definitely some more color to all 14 this. I'd be happy to walk you through more, if you wanted, 15 but that's the kind of the beginning to the end aspect. 16 Q. I appreciate that. Let's put a pin this issue. I'd 17 like to come back to it in a little bit. We had just been 18 talking about the December 15th meeting at the White House. I 19 want to ask you about a call that you and Mr. Donoghue had 20 with the President, which I understand had taken place on 21 December 27th. 22 But before I do that, the 27th is almost two 23 weeks, I guess, after that meeting on the 15th that we were 24 just talking about. And I'm curious whether, during that one25 and-a-half, two-week period, were there other instances during 41 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 that period where the President called you, perhaps where the 2 Chief of Staff called you, or you had a meeting related to 3 these issues, at the White House? 4 A. My best recollection is that after that 5 December 15th meeting, I did not hear from the President again 6 until I became Acting Attorney General on the 24th. I don't 7 remember, necessarily, 8 Mr. Meadows, but I don't think so. At least not about the 9 election. It's possible I had a conversation with someone 10 else. But the day that AG Barr left, I got a call from the 11 President. 12 Q. And what did he say on this call? 13 A. The first call was more of small talk. You 14 know, it was "I understand that AG Barr is gone and you’re in 15 charge." 16 I don't even really remember the substance, 17 but I think it was more just a checking in with me and letting 18 me know that he might want to talk to me. It's possible there 19 was more, but that's -- I don't remember a lot of specifics. 20 It was a short call. 21 Q. You don't recall whether he mentioned the election 22 or not? 23 A. I don't. In light of subsequent events, it seems 24 possible that he did, but I just don't remember. 25 I remember the next day. 42 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. Okay. So just to make sure I have the timeline 2 correct, you said that he called you the day that AG Barr 3 left. Was that the 23rd or the 24th? 4 A. The afternoon of the 23rd. 5 Q. So this initial call from the President that you're 6 describing also was on the 23rd? 7 A. I think it was kind of the same thing. But I think 8 what I'm saying is the day that AG Barr departed from DOJ, my 9 recollection is he left that afternoon. It was that afternoon 10 that I got a call from the President. That particular call, I 11 don't have good recollection of what was covered other than 12 small talk. 13 He – the President -- was basically saying -- it was 14 just a chat. I'm not saying it wasn't discussed. I don't 15 remember that. But I did receive another call from the 16 President on the 24th. 17 Ms. Zdeb. I see that I'm getting pretty 18 close to the end of our first hour, so I think this is 19 probably a good stopping point. Why don't we go off the 20 record. It's 11:14. 21 (Discussion off the record.) 22 Mr. Flynn-Brown. So we can go back on the 23 record. It's 11:27. 24 Before I start with my questioning, I want to make sure 25 that the record reflects that Daniel Parker is in attendance. 43 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 He’s an investigator for Senator Grassley and I don’t believe 2 he was included in the initial introductions. 3 Sir, thank you, again, for your time today. Let me 4 first start off with -- I'm going to introduce this as Exhibit 5 4, a document that is Bates-stamped -744 to -750. I am not 6 stating the entire number on the bottom of the page, just 7 stating the last three digits. 8 (Exhibit 4, document, was 9 marked.) 10 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 11 Q. If you can pull that document up and let me know. 12 A. I have it. 13 Q. Okay. So in reference to the December 28th, 2020, 14 email on Bates stamp -745 from Jeffrey Clark. Do you see 15 that? 16 A. Yes. 17 Q. -745? 18 A. Yes. 19 Q. And that email was sent to you and Mr. Donoghue? 20 A. That's correct. 21 Q. The email says in part, and this refers to the 22 draft letter from Clark, that it would have been sent to the 23 "Governor, Speaker, and President pro temp of each relevant 24 state to indicate that in light of time urgency and sworn 25 evidence of election irregularities presented to courts and 44 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 to legislative committees, the legislatures thereof should 2 each assemble and make a decision about elector appointment 3 in light of their deliberations." 4 Let's go back to -744, the first page. 5 In reference to the email from Mr. Donoghue, 6 dated December 28, 2020, there is a notation at the top of 7 this document. And I am going to state for the record that, 8 although these pages don't include your email response, there 9 is an email response from you with respect to Jeff Clark's 10 draft letter that you rejected sending this letter. And I 11 want to make sure that's stated here for the record. 12 But with respect to the notes up at the top 13 right corner of this document, it says, "This letter was 14 opposed by A/AG + OLC. Discussed with POTUS on January 3, 15 2021, and he rejected AAG Clark's idea to send it." 16 Are these your handwritten notes? 17 A. I don't think so. I think they're accurate, but I'm 18 just trying to figure out is that Rich Donoghue's? Is that 19 Pat Hovakimian's? I don't know who that is, but I don't think 20 that's me. 21 Q. So with respect to "A/AG," that refers to the Acting 22 Attorney General; is that correct? 23 A. Again, I didn't -- I don't think I wrote this, but I 24 would construe it the same way as you. 25 Q. And "OLC" refers to the Office of Legal 45 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Counsel; is that correct? 2 A. Yes. 3 Q. Okay. So along with President Trump, the Acting 4 Attorney General and the Office of Legal Counsel rejected 5 sending the draft letter? 6 A. That's right. And the reference to the January 3, 7 2021, is that Sunday night meeting that I requested with the 8 President, that I went through in my preliminary remarks, I 9 guess. 10 Q. So let's get into that January 3rd meeting. 11 Were there any pre-meetings that day before 12 the January 3rd meeting? 13 A. I'm pausing because I remember how that day 14 unfolded. And the pre-meetings -- again, not trying to be 15 semantic, but I met with my own staff that afternoon. I 16 talked to White House counsel shortly before the meeting 17 itself. So the conversations, whether they're pre-meetings or 18 not, you know, I guess we can all size it up, and it'll 19 probably be easier for you if I just tell you what happened. 20 Q. The evening that the January 3rd meeting took place 21 at the Oval, and we'll get to it, you knew of the substance, 22 what it was going to be about, before you walked in the door? 23 A. Yes, because the way the meeting came about was, 24 among other things, Jeff Clark had told me that the President 25 was going to replace me so that he could pursue the plan that 46 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Jeff Clark had. 2 And I said "Well, I don't get to be fired by 3 someone who works for me," in the case of Mr. Clark. I wanted 4 to discuss it with the President. 5 So I called Chief of Staff Meadows. This 6 was -- I think my conversation with Jeff Clark, the meeting he 7 and I had ended in the neighborhood of 4:00. 8 And I called Mr. Meadows and said, "I need to meet with the 9 President." 10 And the best I recall, he didn't even ask me 11 why. He said okay. Called me back and said you're on for 12 6:15. 13 So, yes, I knew that this was going to be 14 discussed, because that's really what the issue was. Jeff 15 Clark had a number of things set out in this email and 16 unrelated pieces, and I had a different approach that you all 17 heard about, that my view of the facts required or that the 18 Department not take these measures. So I was in the position 19 of wanting to tell the President he shouldn't do this. 20 Q. So set this up for us. You walk into the Oval on 21 January 3rd, and President Trump is sitting there at the 22 Resolute desk; correct? 23 A. Yes. Mr. Meadows had walked a group of us in, and 24 he didn't stay. So in the room are -- there was seven lawyers 25 and the President of the United 47 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 States. 2 Q. So if you're sitting in his chair, the President's 3 chair, if you proceed from his left to his right, can you name 4 the individuals that were present for us? 5 A. Yes. So Rich Donoghue and I, my deputy, are in the 6 middle, I think facing the desk, so the opposite way of what 7 you're saying. I'm on the left. Mr. Donoghue is to the right. 8 Then on depending how you look, on the President's left and my 9 right, is Pat Cipollone at the end, the White House Counsel; 10 and Pat Philbin, the Deputy White House Counsel. And then 11 Eric Herschmann, who was also a lawyer; his title was Senior 12 Adviser to the President, or something to that effect. 13 Now that I just said that, I was sitting next 14 to Mr. Herschmann. So Rich Donoghue was to my left, from the 15 President’s view Dnoghue was seated to my right 16 And then on the other end and to my left 17 was -- Jeff Clark was to the left of Rich Donoghue. And then 18 Steve Engel was at the other end closest to the desk, but 19 it's like a horseshoe, a semicircle. 20 Q. So those present were all the major players that 21 needed to discuss this matter? 22 A. Yes. 23 Q. Regarding this situation; correct? 24 A. That is correct. 25 Q. How long did this meeting last? 48 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. It was long. It was scheduled to start at 6:15. 2 And I think it didn't start on time. So the best estimate is 3 -- to my recollection, I would say probably in the 4 neighborhood of 6:30, give or take, maybe. And it went till, 5 I'm going to estimate, maybe 8:30, a little past 8:30. 6 Q. So approximately two hours? 7 A. Yeah, maybe even a little longer than that. 8 It was long. 9 Q. So the discussion, then, related to voter fraud, 10 election fraud-related allegations? 11 A. Yes. 12 Q.And the draft Jeff Clark letter was also discussed? 13 A. Yes. I mean, as I said, since the meeting was done 14 at my request, it was -- the President said something near the 15 very beginning, "One thing we know is you, Rosen, aren't going 16 to do anything. And you don’t even agree that I'm right about 17 these concerns that people are telling me. This other guy has 18 a different plan, you know. Tell me why that's not the better 19 way to go? You've made it clear you're going to do nothing." 20 Q. So the President brought everybody in, then, to 21 allow you, the principals, to debate for him the issues, your 22 positions, and your challenges on those positions? 23 A. Substantively, yes. I mean, there's some other 24 things too. There were people that -- this wasn't me, but 25 other folks wanted to discuss Mr. Clark's qualifications. It 49 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 was not just his proposals of what to do, but that it was 2 inappropriate for him to even be doing what he was doing. I 3 think at one time or another, all seven of the folks in the 4 room had their say, that’s why it went on so long. 5 Q. So your discussion involved the draft Clark letter, 6 but did it also include explicitly President Trump potentially 7 terminating you as Acting Attorney General? 8 A. Yes, because those were tied together. 9 However, I was the representative of -- the 10 department's position is that, based on the facts and the law, 11 we don't see widespread fraud, so we're not going to take any 12 public actions or litigation steps or press conferences or 13 letters. We shouldn't do any of that. 14 And Jeff Clark was the representative, if you 15 will, of "No, let's take a different approach," and sending 16 that letter he was proposing and make some public statements. 17 And sort of -- you know, as I said in the opening remarks, he 18 had a very different path in mind. 19 So these things were bound together because 20 it wasn't the nature of "Well, one of you is a smarter lawyer 21 or something." It was about what course of actions we were 22 taking. But each of us represented a different pathway. 23 Q. So Jeff Clark was the one person who was asking to 24 take this particular approach? 25 A. That's right. 50 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. And -- 2 A. That's how it turned out, yes. 3 Q. That's how it turned out? Okay. 4 A. Correct. And the only reason I say that is I 5 generally knew that the White House counsel were supportive of 6 where I had been and was. But you just never know until you 7 are in the room with everybody. I knew -- I knew -- actually, 8 I don't even want to -- that's almost unfair to White House 9 counsel. 10 I did know that they did not think Jeff Clark 11 should be the Acting Attorney General. 12 Q. Say that again, I'm sorry. 13 A. I did know that Pat Cipollone and Pat Philbin were 14 strongly opposed to the idea of Jeff Clark being the Acting 15 Attorney General. 16 Q. So what did Cipollone and Philbin say when Clark 17 advocated his position to the President and to the group? 18 A. Well, they spoke -- at several junctures, but I 19 think their basic position was the Department of Justice was 20 handling this properly. They should be allowed to continue 21 doing that. I think 22 Mr. Cipollone felt strongly that Jeff Clark was out of line, 23 that he had -- he should not really be doing what he was 24 doing, that I think he made comments to the effect that Jeff 25 Clark wasn't suited to the job, and that the whole approach 51 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1

51 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 would be harmful and shouldn't be pursued. 2 So combining that, there are a number of 3 different parts to it. But I think what I said earlier was -- 4 everybody in the room, except Jeff Clark, was in one place. 5 Some had different arguments, if you will, but everybody -- it 6 was -- it was six against one. 7 Q. Jeffrey Clark made clear to the President and to the 8 group that if he is made Attorney General, that he would send 9 this draft letter? 10 A. Yes. 11 Q. And how did you respond to that? 12 A. How did I respond to that? 13 Q. Yes. 14 A. I think -- I think I had set out early on, and 15 repeated, that I thought that would not be good -would not be 16 justified under the law and facts, but also it's not the role 17 of the Justice Department to be telling state legislatures 18 what to do. And it would be bad for the country, that it 19 wasn't something we need 20 to do. 21 And I think others agreed with that. I think Steve 22 Engel set out a considerable explanation of why that wasn't an 23 appropriate thing to do. Again, I think it was six against 24 one, actually. 25 Q. So it's fair to say that you provided advice and 52 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 recommendations to the President at that time? 2 A. That, we did. Q. 3 That you did -- 4 A. Yes. 5 Q. -- provide advice and recommendations to the 6 President regarding this matter in the discussion? 7 A. I think that's accurate. 8 Q. Mr. Donoghue did the same? 9 A. Yes. 10 Q. Cipollone, Philbin, Engel, they all did the same? 11 A. Yes. 12 Q. Herschmann? 13 A. Yes. He definitely spoke up. He didn't think the 14 letter was a good idea and was very critical of Mr. Clark. 15 Q. So President Trump takes in all these data points. 16 He's listening to all of you speak, or is he interjecting in 17 the course of your conversation, or is he letting you -- all 18 of you as principals, as staffers, hash it out and he is just 19 taking in the conversation? 20 A. Both. He -- some of what you just described. There 21 were considerable parts where people are talking and he was 22 just listening to their points. In some places where he says, 23 "I've heard this or that. What do you guys say about that?" 24 Q. So he explicitly asked for your advice on this matter 25 under discussion? 53 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. Yes. 2 Q. And then in response to the advice and the 3 recommendations from the group, he took your recommendations; 4 is that correct, in the sense of, one, he ultimately rejected 5 sending the Clark letter, the draft Clark letter? 6 A. Ultimately that's correct. 7 Q. In the sense of, number one, he rejected sending the 8 draft Clark letter, in agreement with his advisers, you, and 9 others; and two, he rejected terminating you as Acting 10 Attorney General. That was the ultimate one and two decision 11 that was made with respect to this matter; is that correct? 12 A. Yes. At the conclusion of the discussion, yes. 13 Q. So how did Jeff Clark take that decision? 14 A. I mean, that's a very -- I think he just 15 accepted the President gets to make the call. There were 16 other somewhat humorous moments along the way where, at one 17 point, Mr. Clark actually said to the President in the 18 discussion at one time, he said, 19 "Mr. Trump, I think it's time to call the question." 20 And the President looked at him, with a look that said, 21 "Don't I get to decide that?" 22 So in terms of how Mr. Clark took it, I don't 23 think it's what he had anticipated going into the meeting, but 24 I think he accepted that the President made a decision. 25 Q. And his decisions were entirely legal; correct? The 54 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 decision to reject sending the draft letter and the decision 2 to retain you as Attorney 3 General, those were entirely legal? 4 A. Certainly within the President's authority to not do 5 those things, yes. 6 Q Did the President discuss BJay Pak at that meeting? 7 A. So I think -- I'm trying to remember that issue. I 8 think what happened is that after the meeting was over and it 9 kind of tailed off, it was -- the people were getting ready to 10 move on, the President brought up Mr. Pak's name. And Mr. Pak 11 was a very good U.S. Attorney. 12 So when he came up, and I think the President 13 raised it in a critical way, I think Richard Donoghue and I 14 said, "This is not right. He's a good U.S. Attorney." 15 But I think the President had raised that he 16 wanted to replace him. And I think, every -- all seven of us, 17 as best I remember -- I don't remember whether Jeff Clark 18 spoke to it or not -- but there was certainly nobody who 19 thought -- who recommended to the President that BJay Pak 20 should be fired. But I think the President had some -- you 21 know, had some commentary about that. 22 And at some point, I think we knew that Mr. Pak 23 had already told us he was resigning, so somebody told the 24 President that this would be ridiculous and unfair and that he 25 was already resigning. 55 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 And I think that's where it was left. Well, 2 he's resigning. 3 Q So with respect to potentially terminating Mr. Pak, 4 the President again listened to the advice and recommendations 5 of his attorneys and did not fire BJay Pak? 6 A. Well, on that one, as I say, my memory of how that 7 went -- that stuff is not as good as I would wish. 8 Q. Did the President of the United States fire 9 BJay Pak? 10 A. The way I remember it, BJay Pak had already told 11 Rich Donoghue that he was resigning a few days before that 12 meeting. But I cannot recall the sequence after that. You’re 13 probably just going to have to -- 14 Q. So it's your recollection that -- with respect to 15 your recollection, the President didn't fire 16 BJay Pak? 17 A. He accepted that BJay Pak was resigning. 18 Q. So he was already resigning, he just let that 19 process play out, according to your recollection? 20 A. Well, I don't -- as I say, I don't want to get too 21 much into the details because I don't remember well, but BJay 22 Pak did resign. 23 Q.And if Trump wanted to fire any U.S. Attorney, he could 24 under his authority; correct? 25 A. The U.S. Attorneys are Presidential appointees with 56 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Senate approval, like I was and many other folks. The 2 President can remove Presidential appointees for any reason 3 and no reason. 4 Q. Mr. Rosen, did you take any action to overturn the 5 2020 election? 6 A. No. 7 Q. Did President Trump fire you? 8 A. He did not. 9 Q. Did President Trump fire Rich Donoghue? 10 A. He did not. 11 Q. Did President Trump fire anyone in the Justice 12 Department or FBI related to his frustration that more wasn't 13 being done to investigate election-related allegations? 14 A. Anyone? Not that I recall. 15 Mr. Flynn-Brown. Let's go to Bates -736. 16 Actually, it starts with -735. It goes to -742. 17 Mr. Rosen. Which page? 18 Mr. Flynn-Brown. The Bates -- this document 19 begins -735 to -742, these are the handwritten notes. 20 Mr. Blumenthal. I do not have a copy. 21 Mr. Flynn-Brown. Exhibit 5. 22 Yes, thank you. This would be Exhibit 5. 23 (Exhibit 5, notes, was marked.) 24 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 25 Q. Sir, if you need time to review, let me know. 57 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. I think -- I think I've recently looked at this, so 2 I might need to look at specific things, but I know what this 3 document is, having just recently seen it. I don't think I 4 was aware of it at the time, the best I recall, but I've 5 recently seen this. 6 Q. Okay. So according to the top right corner of the 7 notes, these are notes from a call that you had with President 8 Trump and I believe Rich Donoghue on December 27, 2020. 9 A. Right. 10 Q. If you look down -- and you're on -736. The 11 Bates start at -735. Let's go to -736. 12 A Do you want me to give you some context on this call? 13 Q. Fire away. 14 A. The way I remember this is that I had asked the 15 President on the 24th, "It's a Christmas holiday weekend 16 coming up. How about we defer talking further until Monday?" 17 And he said, "Well, okay. But I might need 18 to call you." 19 So on Sunday morning, he called me from Mar-a-Lago, 20 if I recall, just before he was playing golf. And I remember 21 I took the call, and I started talking to him about golf and 22 sports. And he got me into it a bit. And I was talking to 23 him about when he owned the Tour de New York bike race in New 24 York some years back, and whether he had met Greg LeMond, who 25 was a Tour de France winner. 58 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 And then -- because we had talked about all 2 that, he had run out of time. And so he said, "I'm running 3 late to get out to the golf course." 4 And I said, "Okay, Mr. President. I 5 think that should be your priority today." And he laughed. 6 But then sometime in the mid to late 7 afternoon, the phone rang and the White House operator is on 8 the line. And I said "Okay." 9 "The President wants to talk to you." 10 So that's what I remember. See, the Sunday 11 afternoon, the context just sort of stuck with me. That the 12 President called me back after golfing. I don't remember how 13 he had gotten to it, but I do remember I heard from him before 14 and after his golf game. 15 Q. Thank you for that. 16 So let's go to -736, down at the bottom where 17 the notes say "People won't have confidence in the Georgia 18 Senate race." 19 I don't know if this is a direct quote from 20 the conversation or if this -- when I say quote, I'm not 21 saying that this is word for word what was said in the call. 22 But do you recall whether this was something that the 23 President said? 24 A. So here's the thing. It was a somewhat longer call. 25 So this isn't -- as best I can discern, it's not a transcript. 59 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 These aren't my notes. I think they're Rich Donoghue's. But 2 -- so I don't have any reason to doubt that what Rich put down 3 is accurate. 4 I see some things in these notes that do 5 square with my memory. I think I did say, for example, that 6 with Pennsylvania, you can't just go and just flip a switch 7 and change the election. 8 So I see things in here. But on many of the 9 notes what I would say, is, you know, they ring a bell of the 10 kinds of things that were talked about. 11 Q. Do you recall the President ever having other 12 conversations referencing his concern about the American 13 people's confidence in the Georgia Senate races with respect 14 to some of these allegations of voter fraud and crime-related 15 allegations of other elections that had taken place? 16 Did he say in those conversations that he was 17 concerned about people having confidence in the Georgia 18 Senate races? 19 A. He raised that on more than one occasion. "Many 20 people around the United States think there's been fraud. 21 This undermines confidence in the elections." 22 I remember at that level of generality. As I 23 say, with regard to this particular comment, I don't have any 24 reason to doubt Rich's notes, but I can't say that's the exact 25 words at that level of specificity. 60 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. The President, you said, did mention on several 2 occasions that he's concerned regarding -- with respect to the 3 American people's confidence in the electoral process? 4 A. Yes. 5 Q. Let's go to -737. 6 The notes say, "DOJ failing to respond to 7 legitimate complaints/reports of crimes." 8 I note the President's apparent use of the 9 word "legitimate." Now, with the volume of voter fraud and 10 election crime allegations that the President had received at 11 that time and which were reported on publicly at that time, 12 was it unreasonable under the circumstances for the President 13 to have such concerns regarding potentially "legitimate 14 complaints" and 15 "reports of crimes"? 16 A. So two things. At about this same time generally, 17 it's consistent with actual things I remember him saying. I 18 don't know if this is a quote. I just remember he would say, 19 you know, "DOJ needs to do more to respond to this. The 20 people are doubting you, you know." 21 But our response, and "ours" being the 22 department, and, in particular, the administration, "We are 23 and have done these things. We have looked at this as a 24 department. We're continuing to when anybody presents 25 something with the indicia of reliability, but it's just not 61 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 accurate that we haven't done that." 2 And I think the President was reporting that 3 people had told him this allegation was true, but I think we 4 felt that there were people giving him bad information. 5 Q. So based on that, the question is, was it reasonable 6 for him, based on the data that he was receiving, to have 7 raised these concerns relating to the election? 8 A. I'm pausing just because I don't know that it's 9 really for me to be the one to evaluate what's in someone 10 else's head. That's really for asking for a person's mental 11 process. I'm just saying I can't control what the President 12 is hearing from other people or what he's saying. I can 13 control what I do about it. And I think what I do about it is 14 I try to focus on the facts and I do what I think is right and 15 is consistent with the rule of law. 16 So I don't think it's for me to comment on 17 what's in the President's head. I think it's more that I 18 would prefer, let me put it that way, that other people not 19 tell him things that I don't think were accurate. And then I 20 would prefer for the President to accept that. 21 I suppose since we talked to Jeff Clark Sunday 22 night in the January 3rd meeting, that's where it comes to a 23 resolution. And so, you know, the stuff along the way, it is 24 what it is. 25 Q. So the Justice Department did review voter fraud 62 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 allegations in the 2020 election? 2 A. Yes. 3 Q. And reviewing them was what should have been done. 4 That was a reasonable step. That's the DOJ's job; right? 5 A. Right. And I think the caveat I'm just giving is 6 reviewing them is not inherently validating that they're 7 there. There’s a different kind of basis which investigators 8 and prosecutors -- I think -- would have. So to use that in a 9 colloquial sense -- 10 Q. Everybody at the DOJ was doing their job, at least 11 in your view? 12 A. Yeah. 13 Q. If those are reasonable steps to take, is it 14 reasonable, then, for the President to use his authority and 15 responsibility to ensure that the Justice Department and the 16 FBI are doing their job? 17 A. And what I'm saying is that I don't really want to 18 be commenting on the reasonableness or unreasonableness of the 19 President's actions. I'm not here to defend him; I'm not here 20 to criticize him. I'm just -- I think I'm just here to tell 21 you what happened. 22 Q. Let me ask this on a constitutional level. The 23 President of the United States is the head of the executive 24 branch. It's his job -- he takes an oath, it's his job to 25 work on behalf of the American people and taxpayers to ensure 63 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 that the Departments and agencies under his control are doing 2 what they need to do for the taxpayers. 3 Would you agree with that? 4 A. For any President. 5 Q. Sure. 6 A. All Presidents have to uphold their responsibilities 7 to the Constitution. 8 Q. Okay. So the bottom of -737. 9 I think it says -- and I know these are not 10 your notes -- "FBI will always say nothing there. 11 Leaders there oppose me, SAs support me." 12 Do you see that at the bottom, sir? 13 A. Yes. 14 Q Does this statement indicate to you that the 15 President maintained a certain amount of distrust of the FBI? 16 A. Well, as I said before, I don't have any reason to 17 doubt the accuracy of Rich's notes. And it's generally 18 consistent with -- I don't know if it's this call or another 19 time, but the President had some skepticism with the FBI. 20 Q. Do you believe that that mistrust, or skepticism as 21 you just noted, contributed to the President's concern about 22 how "legitimate complaints" and "reports of crimes" were being 23 handled by the Justice Department and the FBI? 24 A. Again, I really don't mean to be quibbling over any 25 of this. I just don't think it's my role to try to get in the 64 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 President's head. I’m just trying to describe who said what 2 when, who did what. So the reality of these type of things, I 3 don't know if they're my role as a factual witness today. 4 Q. In the course of your conversations with the 5 President about election fraud and crimes-related issues that 6 had been reported and that people had told him, you mentioned 7 earlier, I believe, and correct me if I got it wrong, that the 8 President often was telling you that the DOJ, generally 9 speaking, and I'm paraphrasing, was not doing enough with 10 respect to these allegations? 11 A I think the President said that both publicly and 12 privately. 13 Q. He said it to you often? 14 A. More than once. 15 Q. Let's go to -738. 16 The bottom of the page here. It looks like 17 the President allegedly said, "statistically impossible for me 18 to lose." 19 Do you see that, sir? 20 Do you remember that? 21 A. Yes. 22 Q. The interactions that you had with the President, 23 did he often refer to statistical analysis in discussing vote 24 results? 25 A. You know what, I can't remember -- and, again, I'm 65 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 not challenging Rich's notes, but I don't remember -- to put 2 it that way. I just remember it more as, you know, "Election 3 night, I was ahead at 10:00. And once that happens, you know, 4 you're in good shape. But this election by the next morning, 5 you know, you're getting a flood of votes that would be in the 6 other direction. And that's unlikely." 7 And I think we thought there was a rational 8 explanation for that. 9 Q. What was that? 10 A. Well, to simplify, that this election was unlike 11 some past ones in the number of ballots that were not done in 12 person the day of voting. So if 90 percent of the votes were 13 in person and you count those and you're ahead with 90 percent 14 in, you have reason to think you're in pretty good shape if 15 you're a little ahead. 16 But if only 50 percent are in because a whole 17 lot remain to be counted because they weren't in person, the 18 fact that the other 50 percent changed that just is not remote 19 and impossible. 20 Q. If you go down that page to the reference 21 "DAG," it seems to be a reference to you, sir. 22 A. I would construe it that way too. They're not my 23 notes, but that's what it looks like. 24 Q So to say there -- I am not saying that this is 25 word for word what was said. Just reading the notes. 66 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 "Will look at whether have more ballots in PA” –- 2 Pennsylvania -- “than registered voters - should be able to 3 check on that quickly but understand that the DOJ can't + 4 won't snap its fingers + change the outcome of the election, 5 doesn't work that way." 6 And then "P" responded. And I assume "P" is 7 the President here. 8 Do you read that the same way? You see "P" -- 9 A. No, I see what you're reading. This is another 10 example of what I was getting at, is these aren't my notes so 11 I don't know if this is purporting to be a quote or a summary, 12 et cetera. But I don't have any reason to think that Rich's 13 notes aren't accurate. 14 Q. So the President's alleged response is "Don't expect 15 you to do that. Just say the election was corrupt + leave the 16 rest to me and the R Congressmen." 17 Do you see that, sir? 18 A. I see that. 19 Q. So then is it your recollection after viewing these 20 notes here that the President didn't expect the Justice 21 Department to change the outcome of the election based on 22 these notes? 23 A. So I think -- again, I'm not going to challenge the 24 accuracy of the notes. They're not mine, but I think what I 25 can say I do remember that the President raised this issue 67 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 that the -- there's a website in Pennsylvania, I think it was 2 the registered voters website, and then there was the 3 certified vote and there was a discrepancy. He said to look 4 into that. We responded that we would. We kind of kept it at 5 a government-to-government level, nothing public. 6 There was a reconciliation that actually answered 7 this, but that came later. I think at this time, I was making 8 the point that there's a factual question. You know, we can 9 try to figure out the facts on it, because we can proceed on 10 the facts and the law. As I said, it's the law. 11 But what we can't do, and I think I did say 12 something to this effect, is we can't just -- we can't and we 13 won't, and even if we could, it's not our role to say "Well, 14 we're going to overturn the election." 15 And I think the President in a number of 16 places, and probably here too, said "The people are telling me 17 there is fraud and that you're just not finding it and these 18 statistics show it." 19 And so I was amenable to figuring out why are 20 the websites inconsistent, but I was not amenable to doing 21 things that would criticize the integrity of the election 22 without a factual foundation. 23 Q. So with respect to the reference of 24 Pennsylvania ballots, I want to ask you this question and make 25 sure the record is clear, sir: Did you ever look at whether 68 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 there were more ballots in Pennsylvania versus registered 2 voters? 3 A. I think we did. I think -- I don't remember the 4 specifics of the steps other than that we had, as a general 5 objective, to make sure that we weren't doing things that were 6 non-governmental in a way that might be misconstrued as "Oh, 7 the Justice Department is looking into this," because that 8 itself gives it plausibility. But this was something I think 9 we sorted out. 10 Again, I don't remember the who did what and 11 what were the steps, but I think what happened was that the 12 Pennsylvania website for the number of registered voters had 13 not been updated. It was out-of-date. And they were in the 14 process of updating that with the correct information, and 15 they did it shortly after this. And when they did, the 16 reconciled numbers did square, so it solved this issue. 17 But that was a factual point that there 18 should be an answer to. 19 Q. Understood. Thank you for that. 20 Do you recall who at the Justice Department 21 was lead on that particular investigation discussed here? 22 A I don't. I'd have to ask someone on my staff. 23 Q Okay. Move to -741. Let me know when you're there, 24 sir. 25 A. I'm there. 69 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. According to the notes at the top, the President 2 said something to the effect of "You, Rich," as in you, Rich 3 Donoghue, "should go to Fulton County + do a signature 4 verification and you'll see how illegal it is. You will find 5 tens of thousands". 6 Do you know if Mr. Donoghue ever went to 7 Fulton County? 8 A. I don't think he did. You'd have to ask him to be 9 certain. But I don't think so. 10 Q. Did you? 11 A. I did not. 12 Q. Did anyone from the Justice Department or its 13 components seek signature verifications from Fulton County? 14 A. I don't remember. I don't know the answer to that. 15 If we did, I don't know about it. I think we had some 16 familiarity with things that had gone on in Fulton County. I 17 am construing "CTY" as county. It could be a city, but -- 18 it's not my notes, but I think that's Fulton County. And so 19 that's Georgia. 20 (Discussion off the record.) 21 Mr. Rosen. So the point I'm trying to 22 clarify is I don't think either Rich Donoghue or I personally 23 went to Fulton County, Georgia. This is a pretty busy time. 24 There were lots of other responsibilities besides these 25 issues. 70 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 However, the Department has personnel in Fulton 2 County. There's two U.S. Attorneys in Georgia; one that was 3 responsible for Fulton County. And the FBI had a field 4 office. 5 So I think what I was trying to get at is I 6 don't have, as I sit here, comprehensive knowledge of 7 everything that was done in Fulton City by either us or by the 8 state authorities -- because I think there's some information- 9 sharing with the state. I think that these kind of issues got 10 addressed, but we're talking about a level of granularity more 11 than I recall as I sit here now. I can't remember exactly 12 what that would be if I was told specifics. I don't think it 13 was ignored, these considerations. I'm just saying that I 14 don't think Rich Donoghue and I actually went there. 15 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 16 Q. And who was the U.S. Attorney at that time or in 17 that area with responsibility for Georgia? 18 A. I think for that area, it was BJay Pak, and another 19 part of Georgia was Bobby Christine. There was actually a 20 third U.S. Attorney in Georgia too. 21 Q. Do you recall the President ever asking you at other 22 times, or Mr. Donoghue at other times, that he would like you 23 personally to go somewhere to vet these allegations? 24 A. As I sit here right now, I don't recall any. But I 25 actually don't recollect this; I'm just saying I don't dispute 71 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Rich's notes. 2 Q. So do you have any comments on why you think the 3 President wanted one of his chief law enforcement officers to 4 be boots on the ground, so to speak, and verify fraud 5 allegations personally? 6 A. I couldn't speak for him. I don't remember if he 7 gave a rationale for that. 8 Q. To your recollection, did the President have a 9 firmly held belief that some of these allegations that he 10 received included information that was potentially credible 11 and needed following up on? 12 A. Well, as I alluded to, when he said multiple times 13 "people are telling me this, people are telling me." Now, I 14 didn't talk to the people he was talking to, if they were with 15 the campaign, or if the only people that he had as visitors to 16 the White House, were like Mike, the pillow guy. 17 FEMALE MAJORITY SPEAKER. Mike Lindell. 18 Mr. Rosen. Yeah, sorry, I couldn't recollect his 19 name. 20 So I couldn't say who the people are, but 21 people were telling him this. And so he said that with some 22 regularity. "People are telling me this," or "People have 23 said this," or "I've read this," or "I've heard this." 24 And I would agree with you that that is 25 something that he said more than once, regardless of these 72 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 particular notes. 2 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 3 Q. The President consistently asserted that? 4 A. Well, he asserted them more than once. 5 Q. And he made these assertions with respect to the 6 election system writ large in the United States, he wanted to 7 ensure the proper operation of it? 8 A. I can tell you what he said. I can't tell you what 9 is in his mind. Someone else would have to do that. 10 Q.What did he say with regard to the election system in 11 the United States? 12 A. He said, "The American people are paying great 13 attention to this. You know, people are concerned. I'm 14 hearing that there's fraud in 15 Pennsylvania." 16 I mean, as I alluded to earlier, this was not 17 uncommon that he would say things to us that he also said 18 publicly on national TV or in some form. I can give you a 19 summary, but you probably have a little bit of the flavor. 20 Q. Right. So the President constantly referred to the 21 American people in his context? 22 A. Yeah. I don't mean -- I try not to be semantic with 23 this, but I don't know if he constantly did that, but it was 24 more than once. I mean, he did say that. 25 Q. So, Mr. Rosen, I am coming up on my hour here. 73 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 We'll get started on another section, and return to it in my 2 second hour. 3 Which units within the Justice Department 4 handle election crime allegations? 5 A. So with regard to fraud and illegality or criminal 6 -- the criminal election statutes, it's the FBI that has 7 responsibility for that, as does the criminal division of the 8 Justice Department, the criminal division’s Public Integrity 9 Section. And then also the U.S. Attorney's Offices, of which 10 there are 94 in the United States, each United States 11 Attorney's office has some people who investigate allegations 12 of fraud. 13 Q. The Public Integrity Section contains the 14 Election Crimes Branch; correct? 15 A. It does. 16 Q. Who was in charge of that branch during the 17 2020 election? 18 A. Well, Mr. Corey Amundson was the head of the Public 19 Integrity Section. The folks under him -- I'd have to refresh 20 myself. 21 Q. Richard Pilger? 22 A. Before the election, it was Richard Pilger. 23 There came a point in November, I think it is, that Mr. 24 Pilger resigned from that position. He didn't resign from 25 the Department, but he resigned from that position. 74 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. You said he resigned after the election? 2 A. To the best of my recollection, as I sit here today. 3 If there's to something to refresh my memory, I would be happy 4 to look at it, but that's how I remember it, is it was after 5 the election. Q. So tell me -- 6 A. I don't know the day, but at some point. Q. 7 Understood. 8 So how did this process work, then, with 9 respect to the Public Integrity Section and the Election 10 Crimes Branch? Does the Election Crimes Branch need to fully 11 approve investigative steps for election-related 12 investigations before those steps can be taken? 13 A. So there's a process in the Justice Manual for 14 coordinating these kinds of things. And I think the Public 15 Integrity Section has election responsibility, because one of 16 the functions in enforcing of the law is there has to be some 17 consistency. No two cases are alike. 18 And so I think with 94 different U.S. Attorney's 19 Offices, we don't want to get into a situation where the law 20 is looked at in one way in one state and different in the 21 other states. But there's coordination through the Public 22 Integrity Section, but I have to look at the Justice Manual to 23 refresh myself on is it a consultation or is there need of an 24 approval? As I sit here, I don't remember. 25 Q. So prior to the Barr memo in November of 2020, it 75 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 was the Justice Department's policy to wait until after 2 certification to begin investigating election-related crimes; 3 is that correct? 4 A. A little bit like the discussion we had earlier. 5 There's a document that sets out what the earlier policy is 6 and what the later one is. So, for accuracy, we should just 7 look at this and characterize it based on the actual one. 8 But in the big picture, I'm not really 9 disagreeing with you. I think I just want to qualify it by 10 the contents of the actual documents. 11 Q. So I believe the November 9th memo from Barr 12 says, "I authorize you to pursue substantial allegations of 13 voting and vote tabulation irregularities prior to the 14 certification of elections in your jurisdictions in certain 15 cases." 16 When that memo came out, how was that 17 received by the Public Integrity Unit and the Election Crimes 18 Branch, based on your recollection? 19 A. Well, as I said earlier today, I did not, to the 20 best of my recollection, at least, have a meeting or have a 21 discussion about this. And it didn't get to the point where 22 somebody asked to come see me to evaluate the issues, but I 23 think I had a little bit of a general awareness that there was 24 some friction about getting the DOJ to look into this. 25 Q. When you say "friction," do you -- can you describe 76 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 the people involved at DOJ? 2 A. Not really, because -- again, as I alluded to 3 earlier today, I wasn't -- AG Barr was pretty hands on with 4 regards to this memo that he had put out. And I don't 5 remember -- as I said, I don't think I met with the Public 6 Integrity Section, so I think the things I know about this are 7 kind of a couple of steps removed. 8 Q. The situations that you did know about, you said 9 "friction." So what do you mean by "friction"? 10 Can you explain that? 11 A. That's what I'm saying. So I had some situational 12 awareness. When you change your policy, that if there are any 13 questions about how to do this or how to implement it, and -- 14 Q. Well, let me put it this way -- 15 A. -- the issues that came into that, I'm probably just 16 not the best person to get into that. Because, as I said, I 17 wasn't day-to-day having these conversations. Sometimes the 18 way the Department works is there's previous issues that need 19 closure, something can be elevated to the Deputy Attorney 20 General for consideration and resolution. But at least to the 21 best of my recollection, as I sit here today, I don't remember 22 that happening. 23 Q. Do you recall anyone or any units in PIN or ECB that 24 expressed a position where they did not necessarily want to 25 comply with this Barr memo? 77 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. I'd have to consult with some others or with the 2 records. As I said, I remember in a situational way there was 3 some friction about this, and I think there were some folks on 4 my staff and on the AG's staff that had access to it, but I 5 think that would take more work than I'm in a position to 6 partake in today. 7 Mr. Flynn-Brown. I have under one minute left. We 8 don’t have enough time to turn to the next exhibit. So, I’m 9 going to wait for my second hour for those questions. Before 10 my time is up, I want to quickly go through that January 3rd 11 meeting and the aftermath. 12 So once the decision was made by the 13 President, by President Trump, to reject the draft Clark 14 letter and to reject the notion that you were to be 15 terminated, in other words, he decided to keep you as Attorney 16 General, once that decision was made, that was a done deal; 17 correct? There was no going back. 18 Trump made his decision and everybody proceeded. 19 Mr. Rosen. That's how I perceived it. 20 Mr. Flynn-Brown. So that's going to wrap up 21 my first hour. And thank you for your time, sir. 22 Mr. Rosen. Thank you. 23 Ms. Zdeb. We can go off the record. 24 (Discussion off the record.) 25 Ms. Zdeb. It is 1:13 p.m., and we can go 78 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 back on the record. And for the record, Senator Lee has 2 joined us as well. 3 BY MS. ZDEB. 4 Q. Mr. Rosen, I wanted to just follow up very briefly 5 on a conversation that you referenced in passing that you had 6 with Attorney General Barr during our initial hour. 7 So we had talked about that meeting at the 8 White House on December 15th, the one where you and 9 Mr. Donoghue were requested to attend, and Attorney General 10 Barr was not requested. You indicated, I think, that you did 11 not find it particularly surprising when you were asked to 12 that meeting -- you and Mr. Donoghue, but not the Attorney 13 General, were invited. And I think you mentioned returning to 14 the Department following that meeting, during which, of 15 course, you described having discussions with the President 16 about the election. I think you mentioned speaking with 17 Attorney General Barr at some point after you came back. 18 Could you give us a sense of what that 19 discussion involved? 20 A. What I remember is that when Mr. Donoghue and I went 21 back to the Department, I think it was an event at the AG's 22 conference room, maybe an awards ceremony or something -- 23 Q. Excuse me, Mr. Rosen, is your microphone on? 24 A. I'm sorry, I will turn my microphone on. 25 So I recall that when we got back from the 79 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 meeting with the President, Mr. Donoghue and I, I think we 2 needed to be at -- it was some kind of ceremonial event in the 3 Attorney General's conference room. And we went to that. 4 And I said to the Attorney General at sort of 5 a reception-like activity after he made some remarks, and I 6 think Mr. Donoghue and I, either right after the event or 7 maybe it was a little after, we pulled him aside for ten 8 minutes outside of it, we left the conference room. And we 9 said that we had this discussion with the President, we told 10 him about it. 11 He said, basically, you know, "Thanks for the 12 update." 13 Q. Did he have any reaction beyond that? 14 A. I think what I just said is the reaction that I 15 remember. 16 Q. And, of course, it was just a couple of days after 17 that, I think December 20th, when he made another public 18 statement essentially reiterating his prior statement to the 19 effect of the Department has not identified evidence of 20 widespread election fraud. 21 Did you have a sense at the time of whether 22 he felt some need to reiterate that statement because of the 23 meeting that you had informed him about? 24 A. If it was cause and effect, he didn't tell me that. 25 So I don't know that that's the case. I just remember he 80 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 stated it again at the news conference that he did on the 2 21st, which was about the Lockerbie plane crash, the 3 perpetrators being extradited after all these years. And at 4 least the way I remember it, he made this big announcement, 5 and none of the questions were about the Lockerbie case. 6 One of the questions was about the election 7 fraud issue. And he gave a very blunt and expansive answer 8 about the Department of Justice had not found evidence of 9 substantial fraud, at least sufficient to overturn the results 10 of the election. And that was, I think, the early afternoon 11 of Monday the 21st of 12 December. 13 Q. So jumping forward a couple of days -- and I should 14 say I apologize. We've been jumping a little bit back and 15 forth in time. It's just the nature of the question rounds. 16 But I think right before -- right before my 17 last hour ended, you described the call from the President on 18 December 23rd, roughly coinciding with the official departure 19 of Attorney General Barr. And you said it wasn't particularly 20 consequential, you talked about sports, but then you alluded 21 to another phone call from the President the next day on 22 December 24th, and that's where we left off. 23 Could you tell me a bit about the 24 circumstances of that call? 25 A. Yeah. Yes. 81 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 I think that's the 24th, the day before Christmas. 2 So it was a Thursday, late December. And many people at the 3 Department of Justice are getting ready for their holiday 4 plans or going places and so forth. I was staying around at 5 holiday season, so I was in the D.C. area. 6 And I got a -- he called, but I think it was 7 not scheduled. So I don't think it was on my calendar. I 8 think I just got a call from the White House operator, from 9 POTUS, and the President came on the line and said, did I 10 have a few minutes to chat about something that was on his 11 mind. 12 So, "Okay, what's on your mind?" 13 And he then brought up the same kinds of 14 issues he brought up back on December 15. He said, you know, 15 "You, at the Justice Department, you need to be aware lots of 16 people are saying that there's election fraud. And I've heard 17 this about Pennsylvania, and 18 I've heard that about Arizona." 19 And he did most of the initial talking. But 20 he was laying out, again, that -- I think his formulation was 21 not exclusive, but usually "people are saying" or "people are 22 telling me" or "I have heard that there's election fraud. 23 You're saying there's not, but have you looked? Because this 24 is what I'm being told. This is what I've heard." 25 And he did it at some length; not as 82 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 long as he did on the 15th. So I listened to that. And I 2 said, in substance -- this is just the content I remember -- 3 "I think we've been through that, but if there's new things, 4 you know, we function on the facts of the law. If there's 5 more facts, then the Department can receive them, but you know 6 what we know, that we told you, we haven't seen any." 7 And so two other things that I remember about 8 that call; one is more in hindsight. At the time, he was 9 saying to me, "I'd like you to make sure the Department is 10 really looking into these things that you may have missed." 11 And I said, "Well, sir, it's Christmas. Today is 12 Christmas Eve. Maybe take a few days off, and we can talk on 13 Monday." 14 He sort of hesitated. "Well, that's four 15 days from now." 16 And I said, "Well, let's start with that." 17 But I wondered if it was going to be Monday. 18 You know, Richard Donoghue's notes that show it wasn't 19 Monday. 20 But the other part that stuck with me was 21 kind of an odd reference. Somewhere in the conversation, he 22 made a reference to Jeff Clark. And, again, I think the way I 23 remember this is that he said, just out of the blue, sort of, 24 "Do you know a guy named 25 Jeff Clark?" 83 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 And I said, "Yeah, he's the head of Civil Division.” 2 Then he moved on. 3 So that struck me as curious as how does the 4 President of the United States know, you know, an Assistant 5 Attorney General. They are important jobs, but I wouldn't 6 expect the President to know all the Assistant Attorney 7 Generals. There are several of them. So it struck me as odd. 8 That's more in hindsight. Now, at the time, 9 that's become more significant, obviously, but at the time, I 10 was just quizzical. 11 How does the President know who Jeff Clark is and 12 why was he asking me that? 13 So that's how that call was. It was kind of, 14 as I've alluded to, basically said follow up on all of the 15 stuff referred to in the media; that it was no secret that the 16 President was unhappy about the election outcome and people 17 were, according to him, telling him that there had been 18 corruption. 19 But the parts that were peculiar is why I 20 made earlier reference to the 24th as an interesting call; 21 Jeff Clark. 22 I can tell you how I felt about the matter, 23 or -- you have questions. 24 Q. About how long did this call last? 25 A. I want to say 10 to 15 minutes, maybe. If I was to 84 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 guess, to the extent I can remember, I would say probably in 2 the order of 10 or 15, give or take. Slightly shorter; 3 slightly more. 4 Q. So in terms of the Jeff Clark reference that struck 5 you as curious at the time, it sounds like you were saying the 6 curiousness of that reference, that became more significant 7 overtime as events unfolded. 8 A. Yes. 9 Q. Did you sort of not focus on the curiousness of it 10 per se, but -- well, you tell me. Did you just sort of file 11 it away at the time and not focus on it until later? 12 A. Well, I heard that on the -- I think it was the 13 afternoon of December 24th. So I didn't think there was 14 immediate follow-up to do on Christmas day. 15 But the day after, I'm pretty sure it was, as I recall, 16 Saturday the 26th, I called Jeff Clark and inquired of him -- 17 I don't remember exactly. I remember I was trying to see if 18 he was going to tell me something. 19 So I called him and was asking him, you know, 20 something to the effect of "Is there something going on that I 21 don't know about?" 22 And we had a little bit of a back-and-forth. But 23 then he, at some point in the conversation, acknowledged that 24 he had had a meeting with 25 President Trump. And I was flabbergasted. 85 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 And I said, "Excuse me? When was this? How 2 did that happen?" 3 And he was very defensive and kind of 4 apologetic as I chastised him that you had a meeting with the 5 President. You didn't tell me about it in advance. You 6 didn't get authorization. You didn't tell me about it after 7 the fact. This can't happen. 8 And so he was somewhat apologetic. And he 9 was saying that he had kind of got caught up in something that 10 he hadn't planned, that he had been -- according to what he 11 said -- that's all that I can recount, what he told me. 12 Obviously, I don't have access to documents --there could be 13 more to it. But what he said was that he had been talking to 14 Congressman Perry of Pennsylvania, or I think he referenced 15 General Perry, but he's a Congressman. 16 And that somehow General Perry had asked him 17 to come to a meeting. He didn't understand with who or what 18 it was about, and it turned out they went down to the Oval 19 Office talking to the President. 20 Well, as you might guess, that did not seem 21 normal to me. And so I told him that shouldn't have happened, 22 can't happen again. And he assured me it wouldn't, that if he 23 was contacted to do it, he would give me a notice. He would 24 tell me about it. 25 And so I had known him for a long time in a 86 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 professional capacity. We had both been in a prior 2 administration. We both had been at the same law firm. We had 3 actually worked together at some point and worked together at 4 the Justice Department. So he said he wouldn't do it again. 5 And, initially, I accepted that. 6 I also tried to check -- I think this is 7 actually a couple of days later -- did the White House 8 counsel know about the meeting. The answer was no. Had not 9 been present; didn't know it had happened; hadn't authorized 10 it. 11 So that's my discussion with Jeff Clark, that 12 Saturday the 26th of December, as best I recall. And that was 13 it until you handed me Exhibit 6, until Monday, January 28. 14 Q. Did he tell you when the meeting that he 15 attended in the Oval Office was? 16 A. I think so. But I think it had been either the day 17 before Christmas or two days before. So it was either the 18 Wednesday or Thursday, December 23 or 24. I don't know who 19 else was there. But the ones that I remember are him and 20 Congressman Perry, but I think there were others. I just am 21 not sure who they were. 22 Q. Did he give you a sense of how he came to be 23 connected with Congressman Perry? 24 A. Not really. I thought about that at some ensuing 25 time, and I haven't been able to sort that out. This has all 87 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 sort of popped up again. 2 So from my vantage point, the open 3 question is did they seek to see the President, or did the 4 President seek them? Sort of what was the direction of the 5 initiation of that process, both at the outset and as it 6 continued through the events of January 3rd, Sunday night, we 7 spoke about just before the break. 8 At least from my memory, that's an open 9 question that I don't know the answer to, because all I really 10 know is what Mr. Clark told me and, to a limited extent, what 11 the President told me. 12 Q. When you had this initial call with Mr. Clark on the 13 26th, did he give you a sense of what had transpired at the 14 Oval Office meeting? 15 A. He had minimized it. When I look back, I'd like to 16 know more -- but at the time, I was focused on how did the 17 President know who Jeff Clark is. The answer is he was at 18 some meeting and probably had attributed it to that. It was 19 all innocent. 20 That's the initial stage though it becomes more 21 concerning as the events developed. But at that early part, 22 I'm questioning, as I said, how does the President know who 23 Jeff Clark is. And he's telling me, you know -- he's probably 24 asking who I am because he heard my name and met me. I wonder 25 if it was more, but that's what he told me. 88 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. So Clark didn't say to you "I got swept into this 2 meeting and we had a discussion about was the election 3 stolen." It was just more "I got swept into this meeting" -- 4 and what? 5 A. He may have told me and – I can’t recall. I don't 6 think he told me more, but we're talking about our discussion 7 seven months ago. So I told you that the parts that I recall, 8 I think they are telling -- 9 Q. Fair enough. 10 So that was December 26th. My colleague on Senator 11 Grassley's staff, started asking you a bit about a call on the 12 next day, the 27th, before the break. 13 A. Yeah. 14 Q I have a couple of additional questions about that 15 call. 16 A. Sure. 17 Q. So if you have Exhibit Number 5, which is 18 Mr. Donoghue's notes -- 19 MALE SPEAKER. Excuse me, which exhibit? 20 Ms. Zdeb. 5. It's Mr. Donoghue's notes from 21 the call on the 27th. 22 Mr. Rosen. I have Exhibit 5. 23 BY MS. ZDEB. 24 Q. So for the time being, those are just mostly for 25 your reference in case you wanted to consult them. And 89 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 recognizing that they're not your own notes, I want to ask 2 about the discussion of Jeffrey Clark that I understand took 3 place on that call. 4 So you had had this call with the President 5 on the 24th where you had this curious exchange in which he 6 mentioned Jeffrey Clark. You spoke to Clark himself on the 7 26th. And then the 27th, you had this call with the President 8 that you patched Mr. Donoghue into. 9 So at some point during that call, did the 10 President again mention Jeffrey Clark? 11 A. Well, yes. The notes suggest that he did. Again, 12 they're not my notes, but I don't have any reason to question 13 them. 14 So here is how I remember this is, I think 15 there is another reference to Clark. But at the time, it 16 doesn't really register much with me, because -- in hindsight, 17 in certainly does -- but at the time, Jeff Clark has said, you 18 know, this somewhat benign -- not totally acceptable, but 19 somewhat benign explanation of how the President knew him. 20 So when the President then makes some 21 reference to him again, I think how to try to -- how he and 22 the President met for the first time three days ago in some 23 kind of group meeting. So it didn't register with me. But 24 when I saw these notes, there was more detail than, let's say, 25 the significance I remember having at the time. But I see 90 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 this in the notes. 2 Q. So putting the notes aside, do you have any 3 independent recollection of the President saying something to 4 the effect of "People tell me Jeff Clark is great and that I 5 should put him in"? 6 A. I remember at a slightly greater level of 7 abstraction that "People are really very mad with the Justice 8 Department. They tell me that there's fraud and the Justice 9 Department hasn't been addressing it and is the Justice 10 Department doing its job." 11 And I think Rich Donoghue and I were both 12 saying to the President, "You can rest comfortably. 13 The Justice Department is doing its job." 14 I think that there was some kind of reference 15 to Jeff Clark, but I don't think it was -- as I said, I think 16 it didn’t have great significance at the time. In hindsight, 17 it's a little bit of a clue that, well, what comes next. 18 But at the time, it was the President met 19 some guy three days ago, he asked me who he is or something 20 like that. Shrugged, like -- if the President wants to 21 replace the Justice Department, and he can do whatever he 22 wants, but the Department is going to maintain its position. 23 Because, at this time, I don't know if Jeff Clark has a 24 different point of view. 25 So to me it's -- we're all in the same place, 91 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1


91 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 which, as you know, ultimately, is true except for Jeff Clark. 2 In the Department leadership, we worked very much together. 3 But at the time, I didn't register Jeff Clark when the 4 President says -- and, again, I don't know if the notes are 5 exactly the way I can remember it. I don't dispute it. So 6 that's -- in hindsight, that's a tipoff. But after time, it's 7 more clear. 8 Q. Did you recall some reference in this meeting to 9 replacing the Department's leadership, putting aside the 10 question of whether you recall a specific reference to Clark's 11 relation to that. 12 A. Yes. But in one of these, he accused, you know, 13 "Some people have suggested or some people say the Department 14 hasn't done his job." 15 And I think Mr. Donoghue and I are saying "The 16 Department has done its job. It is doing its job." 17 If I remember, I saw something in the notes 18 saying you should have the leadership you want. It's not 19 going to change where the Department is. And I think that -- 20 again, I don't remember that as a quote, but I think that 21 point was one of that both 22 Mr. Donoghue and I had made. 23 Q. Along similar lines and on the topic of the 24 suggestion it sounds like the President made that the 25 Department was not doing its job, there was some discussion 92 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 with my colleague on Senator Grassley's staff before the break 2 about a notation in the notes about the President making 3 reference to looking into “legitimate claims” of election 4 fraud. And some discussion about, "Well, isn't it the role, 5 and indeed, is appropriate, or at least not inappropriate, for 6 the President to want to have legitimate claims looked into?" 7 I wanted to just put a finer point on your 8 response to some of those questions. As I understood you, you 9 didn't agree at the time that the claims that were being 10 discussed in the course of that call were legitimate; is that 11 right? 12 A. At least, in the big picture, in the sense that I 13 thought the position that AG Barr had publicly announced 14 continued to be corroborated. An individual investigation 15 somewhere, that I cannot comment on -- is there a target, is 16 there an illegal voter, or something on an individual case. 17 But in terms of the big-picture evidence, and 18 as I think I alluded to to Senator Grassley's counsel, I think 19 the President had raised this thing with the website in 20 Pennsylvania, the registrations and the certified votes don't 21 match. So that's an appropriate thing to just figure out, but 22 I think we still believed there's no indicia of widespread 23 fraud that would call into question the national election. 24 Q. In fact, I think -- and this is on page -737 of the 25 notes. There's a notation there that appears, at least based 93 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 on Mr. Donoghue's notes, it was a direct quote from the 2 President saying, "You guys are not following the Internet the 3 way I do." 4 A. Yes. 5 Q. So I guess I take that as consistent with your 6 description of the overall flow of this conversation, and 7 similar conversations with him, in the sense that the 8 President would raise claims that he had heard or he had seen 9 and that he would have a dialogue -- 10 A. I think actually -- so I mentioned when Senator 11 Grassley was here, there are some places in the notes where I 12 said, "I agree. I remember that." 13 One of them was my saying, "We can't and 14 won't just flip a switch and change the election." 15 Another is I do remember when he said "You 16 guys are not following the Internet the way I do." That one 17 registered with me, because it reinforced some of what Rich 18 Donoghue was saying. 19 The Department of Justice needs evidence, 20 needs facts. We rely on the facts and the law. So I don't 21 know that the President necessarily got what we were doing, 22 what we actually did. But telling me something is on the 23 Internet, if you are trying to persuade me, is not actually 24 very effective. 25 Q. So, in other words, the fact that the 94 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 President may believe that something on the Internet is 2 legitimate does not mean that, in the Department's view, it is 3 legitimate? It may be, but it may not be. 4 A. The sad reality, we all know, is that the Internet 5 is full of -- some things are true. Some things are totally 6 garbage. Some things are patently false. Some things there 7 are outrageous. It doesn't tell you much to say something is 8 on the Internet. We have to see the actual evidence. 9 Q. So, for instance, the whole Italygate theory, which 10 we'll go into briefly in a little bit, that was a thing that 11 was on the Internet. 12 But the mere fact that that was on the Internet, 13 would not, in the Department's view, have meant that it was, 14 “legitimate”? 15 A. Well, being on the Internet does not tell us that 16 something is accurate or valid or truthful. There's some real 17 trash. There is really no quality control on what people can 18 post. 19 Q. So along the same lines in terms of the President 20 expressing frustration, displeasure that the Department was, 21 in his view, not looking into things on the Internet, things 22 that he viewed as legitimate. There's this notation in the 23 notes that my colleague asked you about earlier. It starts at 24 the bottom of -738 and it carries over to the top of -739. 25 And it's a -- the notation following the 95 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 exchange in which you indicated you said that "DOJ won't use 2 its authority to flip a switch and change the election." 3 And then there's this response from the President 4 to the effect of "I don't expect you to do that. Just say the 5 election was corrupt and leave the rest to me and the 6 Republican Congressmen." 7 What did you take him to mean when he said, "Just 8 say the election was corrupt and leave the rest to me"? 9 A. So at the risk of repeating what I said earlier, 10 they are not my notes. It was a longer conversation than the 11 notes. I don't have any reason to challenge what Rich wrote 12 down, but I have a more general recollection of the President 13 making the argument, "People are telling me that there is 14 fraud. You say there isn't, but people say there is. Why 15 aren't you finding it? 16 Shouldn't you be more energetic?" 17 I don't remember exactly what he said, but 18 more vigorous, in some sense, at finding the fraud. 19 And, "You should be out there finding it and 20 saying so." 21 And my point is, "Well, we have done our jobs 22 appropriately. Any American who knows of any evidence can 23 walk into any FBI field office or a U.S. Attorney's Office or 24 Department of Justice, and we don't see that. So we are not in 25 a position to do it. And so we're not going to just have a 96 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 press conference." 2 I think that's actually what he said, "Just 3 have a press conference." 4 "No, we can't have a press conference because 5 there isn't a factual foundation to justify that." 6 I think this now is clearer. So we never had 7 any such press conference or any such public statements saying 8 there was election fraud, because that would not be consistent 9 with the facts. 10 Q. So it sounds to me, based on your description, that 11 he was almost less concerned about whether the Department 12 actually took steps to and also did uncover election fraud, 13 and it was more that he wanted you to make some sort of public 14 statement indicating that you were looking into it. 15 Is that the consistent with your 16 recollection? 17 A. Well, as I said to your colleague, I don't want to 18 get in the posture of trying to say what was in the 19 President's brain. I can more explain what I remember him 20 saying to me. 21 In terms of what would have satisfied him or 22 not satisfied him, unless he communicated that, I don't think 23 I'm in a posture to claim that I can read his mind and tell 24 you what he's thinking. 25 I think at different junctures he suggested 97 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 public communications, but at other points he asked for a 2 Supreme Court filing. He asked at some juncture about special 3 counsel. So I think there were a mix of actions that he 4 referenced as wanting or at least suggested. Sometimes there 5 were "Other people have said." 6 But I don't remember him prioritizing, “the 7 thing I want most is this or that.” The one consistent theme 8 was there's "I am told and assert that there is fraud, and you 9 guys should have found it. Why aren't you doing your job?" 10 Q. Fair enough. 11 Certainly, one of the things -- irrespective 12 of how he may have prioritized it in his own mind, but one of 13 the things that he asked the Department to do was make some 14 sort of public statement. 15 A. I think that's right, that he said "You should be" - 16 - in substance, "You should have found this fraud, and you 17 should say so." 18 Q. Was he any more specific about what he hoped the 19 Department would say in the press conference? 20 A. The parts that I remember were just more his 21 emphasizing that he had been told or he heard or he thought or 22 some variation of there's fraud in Pennsylvania and there's 23 fraud in Georgia. You should be looking at that and doing 24 something about it. So doing something about it, as I alluded 25 to earlier, varied at different junctures. 98 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. I'd like to move on to the next day. 2 I think you have a portion of this document 3 already in one of the Minority exhibits, but we'll give you a 4 different copy. 5 This will be Exhibit Number 6. This will be 6 Exhibit Number 6. And it starts at Bates No. -6697 at the 7 bottom. 8 (Exhibit 6, email, was marked.) 9 Mr. Rosen. -697? 10 BY MS. ZDEB. 11 Q. -697. Do you have it? 12 A. Yes. 13 Q. This is the December 28, 2020, email that you and 14 Mr. Donoghue received from Jeff Clark. 15 A. It's kind of remarkable, wouldn't you agree? 16 You don't need to answer that. 17 Q. I'm not the witness. 18 But yes. So he sends you this email. 19 Subject line is "Two Urgent Action Items." 20 I want to ask you about the first action item 21 before we get to the letter. So he makes this request for a 22 classified briefing from the Director of National 23 Intelligence. 24 Did you have a sense of the context for that 25 request? What was your reaction to that component of his 99 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 email? 2 A. So as best I recall, this email came somewhat out of 3 the blue, as to its content. I think what happened, the way I 4 remember it, was my assistant told me that Jeff Clark wanted 5 to have a meeting with me. That wasn’t a total surprise, given 6 my weekend conversation. But the content of that meeting 7 turned out to be a surprise. 8 So I set up the meeting. And I think I had a 9 busy day and couldn't do it until 6:00, or something like 10 that. And it shows on the email, it says 4:40 p.m. 11 This email comes across and it's strange. So Rich 12 Donoghue and I have a discussion about it. And the gist is we 13 should not do these things, and then we had the meeting, which 14 I'll be happy to tell you about. 15 But on your specific question about the 16 meeting, the proposal regarding the director of ODNI. Because 17 he was head of the Civil Division, Jeff Clark he did have 18 security clearances, but he didn't have responsibility for 19 election issues. And at least at that point, I was unaware if 20 there was any election-related litigation or something that 21 would justify him having a role in this. 22 So I didn't -- at this juncture, my thought 23 was it was not appropriate, and that changed at the meeting we 24 subsequently had. 25 But I think you were asking me what was my 100 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 reaction to this. 2 Q. Yes. For instance, there's a line in his email 3 alluding to information in the public domain from hackers that 4 a Dominion machine accessed the Internet through a smart 5 thermostat with a net-connecting trail leading back to China. 6 And I'm just curious as someone who, as you described earlier, 7 had known this guy for quite some time, how did that sort of 8 statement strike you? 9 A. I was confused, as in, what's going on with Jeff 10 Clark? That this is inconsistent with how I perceived him in 11 the past. And there's a reference in that paragraph you were 12 talking about where it talks about the smart thermostat 13 controlling voting machines. He says "white hat hackers have 14 evidence in the public domain." White hat hackers? 15 This, again, sounds like Internet theories. He says 16 thermostats; he said they had access to the Internet. 17 And at the meeting, there were further things 18 he said that were a little off-kilter too. One of them came 19 up. He has some email that he wants his title changed. Oddly 20 enough, he said that multiple times, that he wanted -- he was 21 -- he was actually 22 Senate-confirmed as the head of the Environment and National 23 Resource Division; but at the time, he acted as the Civil 24 Division, the head of the Civil Division in the Department. 25 And he wanted the "Acting" taken off his title 101 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 of the Civil Division. And he had this theory that there was 2 an old OLC opinion that empowered the Attorney General to do 3 that. OLC’s head was -- at the time, Steve Engel -- he was 4 very opposed to this idea. And I was not an expert in the 5 underlying law. I had very high regard for Steve Engel's 6 capabilities, but I didn't really want to referee could it be 7 done or whatever. 8 We're at December 28. There's less than a 9 month in the administration, and you want to change 10 your title. This came up multiple times. That's why it 11 stayed with me. 12 So I think we're getting to the point of 13 we're realizing there is something off-kilter at this time, 14 yes. It's even more evident in hindsight, but at the time, I 15 did think he's meeting with the President and now he wants to 16 be briefed by the DNI on thermostats plus the title change. 17 Just what is going on here with Jeff Clark? 18 Q. So to set the stage for this meeting, you had 19 mentioned a couple of times, of course, that the other thing 20 that he lays out in the email is his proposal to send a letter 21 to Georgia and potentially other states. 22 I think this is implicit in some of your -- 23 the comments that you've made already, but what was your 24 reaction to that aspect of his proposal? 25 A. So Rich Donoghue and I had discussed it ahead of 102 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 time. We said generally we don't want to do this, but decided 2 to go ahead and have the meeting in part -what you're getting 3 at, is to figure out what's going on, and to try to figure out 4 with Jeff Clark, what's going on with this. 5 So we met with him. He came to my conference 6 room, and he more or less repeated things that are in the 7 email. He wanted to -- I think he also wanted me to have a 8 press conference and say there was corruption. And both Rich 9 Donoghue and I -- I think this is after Rich and I had talked. 10 Rich sent an email back to Jeff that said that this is not 11 going to happen. 12 I remember Mr. Donoghue gave Mr. Clark a bit of a hard 13 time about the meeting he had with the President. He was 14 still maintaining he had been sort of inadvertently conned 15 into it. And I rejected, at that time, the request for the 16 DNI briefing. 17 On the letter, I think there were so many 18 problems with that, but part of it was it's not the Justice 19 Department's responsibility. We're not election officials. 20 We're not the global Secretary of 21 State or something; "Georgia, you should be doing this. 22 And, Arizona, you have to do this." 23 It's almost independent from the legal 24 arguments, which was not -- it's just not our role. So we had 25 some discussion about that. So I remember I was trying to 103 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 draw him out, "Why do you want to do this? 2 Why do you think this is a good idea? Why?" 3 And I think it was somewhat unproductive. I 4 thought there was a chance that he might say that he was 5 working with other folks or tell me, but he basically said, 6 "These are my ideas. I think these are good ideas." 7 And so the meeting was a little bit -- not a 8 little bit, actually -- parts of it were contentious. I had 9 given him a little bit -- I had given him my dissatisfaction 10 with the fact that he met with the President without my 11 knowledge and not even told me about it after that. I think 12 Rich Donoghue reinforced that strongly. And I think Jeff 13 Clark took that less well the second time. But that's neither 14 here nor there. It was ridiculous. 15 We spent a fair amount of time on this. He 16 wanted to do these things and we told him no. But the one 17 thing in my mind that was consequential was when we told him 18 we didn't want to do this, he basically accepted it at that 19 time. 20 Q. Did he seem -- 21 A. He seemed accepting. Like, "Oh, these are my ideas. 22 I think they are good ideas. You don't like them. Okay. 23 Then, I guess we won't do it." 24 So at this juncture -- separating what he did then 25 versus what he did later -- at the time, it still seemed as 104 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 though he was recognizing that there's a change of command, 2 that his suggestions would be rejected, and he should just do 3 his job in a proper way. So he appeared to be accepting. He 4 wasn't pushing back, saying "I have right to meet the 5 President," or something like that. He was -- at that point, 6 he said, "You don't have to tell me six times. I don't want to 7 have a meeting." And "Okay. You don't want to do the 8 briefing. I really think, you know, it would be useful, but 9 okay." 10 So it was kind of a first phase. He was 11 suggesting that, you know, he heard the direction he was 12 receiving. 13 The next couple of days, he kind of did. You 14 may remember -- it was during that week that Congressmen 15 Gohmert filed a lawsuit suggesting the Vice President would 16 overturn the election. And we opposed that and filed a motion 17 to dismiss -- I referenced this in my preliminary remarks. 18 The Civil Division did actually file that brief. And my 19 recollection is that the acting head of the Civil Division is 20 on the brief. So for a little bit, it looked like someone had 21 -- 22 Q. When you discussed the letter with him at this 23 meeting, did he indicate which other states he proposed 24 sending it to? Was the letter styled as a proof of concept -- 25 A. Yes. 105 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. -- in reference to replicating it outside of Georgia? 2 A I think he did. I think it was five other states. 3 Pennsylvania. It was Georgia. It was Pennsylvania, 4 Michigan, Wisconsin, Arizona, and then 5 Nevada, if I recall correctly. 6 Q. Did he give any indication during this conversation 7 as to whether he had discussed the proposal with the 8 President? 9 A. Not at this juncture. 10 Q. And you mentioned trying to get a sense from him of 11 whether he was working with anyone else or just working as a 12 solo operator, essentially. 13 Do you know who Kenneth Klukowski is? 14 A. I don't recognize that as somebody that I know. I 15 have come to learn, through preparing for today, he was at the 16 Department of Justice. At the time, I don't think that name 17 registered with me. 18 Q. So you had no sense one way or the other as to 19 whether he is someone that may have been working with Clark on 20 this? 21 A. Right. I don't know. 22 As I alluded to earlier, at least from my 23 vantage point, there's some unknowns about both the direction 24 of causality and who else might have been involved. But what 25 I know of it really just came from Jeff Clark and a couple 106 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 brief references from the President. 2 And then when I met with Jeff Clark, both 3 this Monday, December 28th, and the subsequent meeting, he 4 never referenced these people or how a meeting got brought up. 5 You know, "I got a team working on it," or something like 6 that. 7 Q How about Douglas Smith? Is that a name that rings a 8 bell? 9 A. It does. That was Jeff Clark's Chief of Staff in 10 the Civil Division. But I don't have any awareness of -- at 11 the time, he didn't come with Jeff Clark to the meetings, and 12 Jeff Clark did not reference Doug Smith. 13 Q. I want to move on to the next day, the 29th. 14 Do you recall a meeting at the White House 15 that day? This was the day after you got this letter from 16 Jeff Clark. 17 A. Do I recall a meeting at the White House? Yes. I 18 had lunch with Pat Cipollone, who was White House counsel, who 19 is a long-time social friend, as well as a one-time colleague. 20 So we met in December together during the holidays. 21 But at that time, I did fill him in on that 22 something odd was going on with Jeff Clark. And I told him a 23 few of the things we talked about, that Jeff 24 Clark was apparently in some kind of meeting with the 25 President shortly before Christmas and these proposals that 107 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 he's making. 2 I said, you know, "This is odd." 3 And I think it's then that I asked Pat 4 Cipollone, "Are you aware that the head of the Civil 5 Division met with the President of the United States?" 6 He was not. 7 Q. And just so I am clear, is this a one-on-one 8 conversation between you and Pat Cipollone, or was it part of 9 a meeting that also included Rich Donoghue, Steven Engel, Mark 10 Meadows? 11 A. I think what happened was part of -- I think Pat 12 Cipollone and I had lunch. It was either alone or possibly 13 Pat Philbin, his deputy chief, and who was someone I knew for 14 a long time. But there was a meeting subsequently scheduled 15 for the same day that afternoon, because Mr. Meadows, Chief of 16 Staff Meadows, wanted to talk to us about some oversight 17 requests that Congress had been asking for. And at least as 18 Mr. Meadows communicated it, AG Barr had said that the 19 accommodation he worked out was done, but members of Congress, 20 representatives -- were contacting Mr. Meadows and saying it's 21 not resolved. And so he wanted to have a discussion about 22 what are you guys doing to address this with regard to -- I 23 think this specific subject isn't really the election-related 24 issue, but it was about an oversight request. 25 Q. And so when you -- when you had this meeting, did 108 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 the topic of the election also come up? 2 A. My recollection is that the meeting was primarily of 3 the oversight issues. But in some manner, before we left, Mr. 4 Meadows raised a couple of election items. 5 Q. Do you recall what those items were? 6 A. I think one of them was the Pennsylvania -the idea 7 that the United States file a Supreme Court case. And I think 8 Steve Engel and I, maybe Rich 9 Donoghue too, said "That's not viable." 10 Q. And how did that come up? Was the inquiry from the 11 Chief of Staff? 12 A. I think so. 13 Q. And what did that inquiry consist of? Was it a 14 status update? Was it suggesting that this is something that 15 the Department should do? 16 A. So the specifics -- what I remember is the meeting 17 is about the oversight things. I think at this juncture, the 18 draft brief, or whatever it was, had come over, had already 19 happened. So I don't think it was a new thing. I think he 20 was saying something like, "Well, what are you guys doing with 21 that?" 22 And the thing I remember is I was just saying 23 it's not viable. I don't remember if we went into in that 24 great a detail or not. So at least to my recollection, that 25 wasn't what the meeting was for. It was something he had kind 109 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 of thrown in. 2 And I'm trying to remember it. I think there 3 may have been something else that was in the same category of 4 "Are you guys following up on something, or are you assembling 5 a plan for this?" There may be records or something that 6 would help me with that. 7 Because my recollection of that discussion 8 was so dominated by the oversight issue, which let's say, with 9 respect to the Senators present, it's not really my favorite 10 thing to spend time on. 11 It's important, and -- 12 Q. Don't tell Senator Whitehouse that. 13 Ms. Zdeb. I see that I've reached the end of 14 my hour. I've actually gone a little bit over, so why don't 15 we hit "pause" here and we can go off the record. 16 Mr. Rosen. Before we break, let me just say 17 for the record, even though I'm no longer a public official, I 18 did believe that I was a government official, that being 19 responsive to Congress was a significant responsibility. So I 20 mean no disrespect in that in any way. 21 I just mean that you hope that you tell your 22 staff, please be responsive and get these things done. So 23 having to spend some time with the White House Chief of Staff 24 on that wasn't my preferred use of time, but it's what we 25 needed to do, I think. 110 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 MALE SPEAKER. Before we go off, I think 2 we were joined by another Senator; is that right? 3 Ms. Zdeb. Yes, I'm sorry. For the record, 4 Senator Sasse has entered the room. 5 (Discussion off the record.) 6 Mr. Flynn-Brown. We'll go back on the record 7 at 2:28. 8 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 9 Q. Mr. Rosen, I'm going to quickly go back to the 10 January 3rd meeting that we discussed. So you've discussed 11 a lot of phone calls and emails and conversations leading up 12 to January 3rd. So January 3, 2021, that meeting with the 13 President was the culmination of a lot of different 14 communications and, say, frustrations with respect to how 15 the Justice Department was handling election allegations, is 16 that correct? 17 A. I think that's right. 18 Q. Okay. So when the President decided 19 ultimately to reject sending the draft Clark letter and 20 decided to keep you on as Acting Attorney General -you went 21 into this a little bit in the previous hour. 22 The meeting adjourns. The decisions have been made. Everybody 23 knows what needs to be done. 24 Did you talk with Cipollone afterwards? 25 I don't just mean immediately; maybe a day or two later or 111 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 hours later? Or was it simply literally understood, at that 2 point, the President made his decision and there was nothing 3 to talk about? 4 A. So the meeting ended, and we were heading out. Pat 5 Cipollone invited Pat Philbin and Rich Donoghue and me to just 6 walk up to his office for a couple minutes. I remember seeing 7 Jeff Clark as we were leaving, and he said something odd, like 8 "Can I join you," or "Best wishes to all," or something like 9 that. And we did not invite him to join us. And he headed 10 out. 11 But then I spoke briefly afterwards to the 12 two from White House counsel, and Rich Donoghue and me. And we 13 all had the same thought, which is "Well, this is now 14 resolved. It's done." And I think I did not get called by 15 the President in the next few days. 16 Q. When you say "White House counsel," you mean 17 Cipollone and Philbin; right? 18 A. Yes. 19 Q. And there was a sense of relief among you that it 20 was finally decided? 21 A. I'm sorry, say it again. 22 Q. There was a sense of relief among the four of you 23 that it was finally decided? 24 A. I suppose. I mean, we were pleased that the 25 President had made what I regarded as the correct decision. 112 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Even though, as I said, he opened the meeting by saying "One 2 thing we know is Jeff Rosen leading the Justice Department, 3 nothing is going to get done in trying to overturn the 4 election." 5 Q. Sorry? 6 A. I'm saying of course I was pleased because it's my 7 position -- I had acknowledged -- he had said early in that 8 meeting, "One thing we know is you, Rosen, aren't going to do 9 anything to overturn the election." 10 I said, "That's true. But sometimes that's 11 the best course because it's based on the law and the facts. 12 It's consistent with what's in the best interest of the 13 country." 14 And so he had said initially -- it wasn't 15 necessarily a very encouraging moment earlier. It's "One 16 thing we know you're not going to do this, and this other guy 17 might," but it didn't get to that point. 18 So I think you were asking were we pleased. Well, 19 yeah, of course. Because I thought it was the right outcome. 20 And as I told you, I think all six of the participants, other 21 than Mr. Clark, were in that posture. 22 Q. Are you aware of the draft complaint, the United 23 States of America versus the states of Pennsylvania, Georgia, 24 Michigan, Wisconsin, Arizona, and Nevada? 25 A. Say that again. 113 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. The draft complaint of the United States of America 2 versus the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, State of Georgia -- 3 A. Yes, sir. That's right. I testified before the 4 break, yes, that this draft was prepared, I guess, by someone 5 outside, because it wasn't prepared by the Department of 6 Justice, yeah, there's a whole chapter about that, which I'm 7 happy to tell you about. 8 Q. Please do. 9 So you talked to the President about this 10 draft; correct? 11 A. Yes, but this mostly occurred about two days -- 12 maybe a day or two before then, but it was sent over, I think 13 to several of us. Maybe Jeff Wall, the Solicitor General. 14 And we thought, "What is this?" Because we didn't write it. 15 And as I alluded to, we felt this is not 16 something we're going to do. But I got an inquiry. It was 17 this sort of passing reference at the meeting with Chief of 18 Staff Meadows. "What do you guys think? What are you doing 19 here? Let's follow up. What he said doesn't appear 20 believable." 21 And then the President, at one point, I think 22 that day, asked me "Have you seen any writing," or something, 23 maybe it was -- maybe that was Mr. Meadows. 24 I don't know exactly. 25 But then there was this odd piece, which is 114 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 an outside lawyer by the name of Kurt Olsen made these almost 2 all day-long efforts to get me in a meeting. I had a general 3 practice that I wasn't just going to be meeting with anybody 4 who was in the campaign. I didn't think that that was my 5 role. 6 So I had previously declined. I think the 7 President asked me if I could talk to Mr. Giuliani and some 8 others, and I said no. But this lawyer kept leaving me 9 messages with the Solicitor General, my chief of staff, with 10 others, that it's urgent. 11 And I basically said I'm not going to do it. 12 But at some point in the afternoon, I think this is 13 that Tuesday the 20th, my cell phone, my DOJ cell phone, 14 started ringing with a number I didn't recognize. And when 15 that happens, like, three times in a row, it didn't occur to 16 me that's him. Because he would call at my desk office and 17 was calling all around the Department. 18 So I picked up. And it's Kurt Olsen saying, "Have 19 you seen the draft, the Pennsylvania brief? It's extremely 20 important that this get done." 21 And initially, yes, I was annoyed that -- 22 it's like I answered a phone solicitor or something. 23 But -- so I initially I had some small talk with him. 24 And then he was pushing that he claimed that the 25 President wanted this brief. 115 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 And I said, "How do you know the President wants 2 this? Who are you?" 3 He said, "Oh, we're working very closely with 4 the states that have filed a somewhat similar case previously 5 that the Supreme Court had declined to take." 6 So I said, "Well, you know, in that case, 7 there was no standing. So this doesn't work." 8 He said, "Well, I can show otherwise." 9 That it was, I recall, it was like a 10 polite brushoff. That's how the first call ended. 11 The next day -- so in the meantime, knowing 12 that I was probably going to have to discuss that with the 13 President at some point, I asked the Solicitor General's 14 Office to prepare kind of a bullet list of various points on 15 this thing. I knew we wouldn’t do it, but I had a strong 16 feeling that it's better to be able to explain that. 17 So I asked them to do the list. And they did 18 a good list for lawyers, but it wasn't in plain English. So I 19 asked Steve Engel, who was head of OLC, who was generally at 20 my side since the day I became Attorney General, "Steve, can 21 you help me sort of put this in plain English?" 22 So he then prepared some brief points. But while I 23 was waiting on those so I could deal with it, telling the 24 President not to do it, Kurt Olsen calls again. I don't 25 remember how he got me. It was kind of the same thing. He 116 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 would leave messages. But to my surprise, he's aggressive. 2 "The President wants you to file this brief 3 by noon today." 4 "Oh, yeah? He didn't tell me that." 5 And "I had sent you some of the authorities that 6 show there is standing." 7 I said, "Well, I'm not discussing the 8 substance of this with you. If the President has something he 9 wants, he and I will discuss it with him. 10 You're no longer in this conversation." 11 And he got sort of aggravated by that. He 12 said, "You're going to force me to call the President and tell 13 him you're recalcitrant," or whatever it is. I said, "This 14 conversation is over." 15 And so that told me -- I think I challenged 16 him on that. "How do I know you have ever even spoken with 17 the President? Just because you are saying it?" 18 And he didn't like that. He said, "I've told 19 you who I represent." 20 So I figured this needs to get called up to 21 the President. I am not talking to outsiders. I rejected 22 further discussion with him. To the best of my recollection, 23 that episode was the only time, and it's the last time I spoke 24 to someone on the outside about these things. I tried not to 25 engage, but I did make it -- even today, I think it's the 117 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 proper thing to do. Although, I did tell him -- I told him "I 2 will tell the President DOJ’s position, not you." 3 So at that point -- I'm trying to sort out did 4 the President call me or did I call him. I think he called 5 me. Or it may have been, if I called him, it was because I 6 got a message that he wanted to talk to me. 7 Q And what is the exact date, for the record? 8 A. This is Wednesday afternoon, the 30th of 9 December. 10 And I know I didn't initiate calls to the President 11 to talk about election stuff, but it's possible that I got 12 word "He wants to call you. Or he wants to hear from you. 13 You know, he's in Mar-a-Lago. 14 Be at this number at 3:00," or something like that. 15 I don't think that's very material. But I 16 just can't say who actually placed the call. 17 But I spoke to him that afternoon, and I told 18 him this idea of filing the Supreme Court case was a bad idea, 19 doesn't work. The Department of Justice can't do it. 20 And I had taken the outline that Steve Engel 21 had given me. I didn't use it literally. I relied on it. 22 But I sort of said, "There's five different reasons." I laid 23 those out for him. 24 And he went "Okay." 25 So then he accepted it. And that was the 118 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 end. That was kind of the end of that, which is why I think 2 in the earlier conversation I had with your colleague about 3 the December 31 meeting, I think the discussion about the 4 Supreme Court brief had already been resolved. I can't say, 5 definitively, if it came back the next day, but I don't think 6 so. I think it was resolved in that phone call. Things came 7 up, and we just said we're not doing it. And that was it. 8 Q. So the President yet again took your advice? 9 A. Well, he accepted the Department's position that we 10 weren't going to do that. He didn't resist it or deliver an 11 ultimatum or try to overrule us. 12 Q. So after you gave him the list of five reasons 13 against filing the complaint -- 14 A. Yes. 15 Q -- his literal response was "Okay," or did he say 16 anything else? Did he challenge you on any of the five? 17 A. No. No. He accepted that we were not going to file 18 that, and that was that. 19 Q. Was that the last time that you discussed this draft 20 complaint with the President? 21 A. To the best of my recollection, it was. 22 Again, I'm not trying to split hairs here, 23 it's possible that it briefly came up the next day, at this 24 point, in passing. I don't think so. My best recollection is 25 that was the last time. I'm acknowledging the flaws of human 119 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 memory, I guess. 2 Mr. Flynn-Brown. For the record, Senator 3 Blackburn is here. 4 Mr. Rosen. Senator Blackburn, nice to see 5 you. 6 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 7 Q. Okay. So we talked about the January 3 meeting. We 8 talked about the draft complaint. We talked about the Clark- 9 related matters. 10 I'd like to turn to the exhibit that I was 11 going to turn to in the first hour. We started to talk about 12 the Public Integrity Unit at the DOJ and the Election 13 Crimes Branch. So please go to Bates -751 to -754. 14 A. All right. I have the exhibit. 15 Mr. Flynn-Brown. Just to keep track of the 16 Exhibits, let’s check to make sure what number we’re on. 17 Ms. McClain Walton. I have the next exhibit 18 as Exhibit 7. Yes, the next number is Exhibit 7. 19 (Exhibit 7, email, was marked.) 20 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 21 Q. Sir, let me know if you need to review this or if 22 you're ready. 23 A. Well, I'm ready, because I've looked at it and I've 24 spent time on it. 25 And so, I guess, we will see what your question is, 120 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 but I suspect I'm not -- the best one to address it. 2 Q. Fair enough. 3 And one of the reasons why I want to 4 introduce it as an exhibit is the context with respect to some 5 of the tension in the Public Integrity Unit and the FBI and 6 Main Justice. 7 So this is a December 7, 2020, exchange between 8 Rich Donoghue and Dave Bowdich, who was the Deputy Director at 9 the FBI at that time. 10 Do you see in the email here Donoghue 11 references the State Farm Arena allegations? Do you see that 12 in that first paragraph? 13 A. Yes. 14 Q. Do you recall what those were? 15 A. I don't. I don't remember. State Farm Arena 16 allegations? It's possible you could refresh me on that, but 17 right now I don't remember what that is. 18 Q. So this email chain originated with a gentleman by 19 the name of Corey Amundson, who was the Chief of the Public 20 Integrity Section. 21 He says, in part, in this email "As explained 22 below, PIN,” the Public Integrity Section, “does not concur in 23 any overt investigative activity, including the proposed 24 interviews." 25 We got into this a little bit in the first 121 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1

1 hour, and I want to try get through it to the extent that we 2 can. 3 Are you aware of how many times the Public 4 Integrity Section provided a non-concurrence to potential 5 investigative activity related to the 2020 election prior to 6 the election certification? 7 A. So this correspondence is from Rich Donoghue, as is 8 the one attached at the back. I think it probably would be 9 better to ask Mr. Donoghue about it. 10 I'm not going to say, I don't specifically 11 recall the incident about State Farm Arena allegations. So I'm 12 not sure I'm the most helpful one to go through this. 13 Q. Okay. Well, let's move on. 14 So in the email -- excuse me, the document 15 states, "Unfortunately, this is a continuation of a policy 16 disagreement between the Election Crimes Branch, PIN," which 17 is the Public Integrity Unit, "and the AG," the Attorney 18 General. 19 I believe the reference to the AG may be Barr 20 because of his memo, the November memo that we had discussed 21 previously. 22 A. That seems like a reasonable assumption. 23 And, again, that date, December 7, AG Barr is the AG and has 24 not announced his resignation at that point. 25 Q. So what I'm interested in here is the word

122 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 "continuation." 2 So when Donoghue says -- at the time of this, 3 you're the deputy attorney general at that point? 4 A. That's right. 5 Q. So when Donoghue says "continuation," it seems to 6 imply repeated conduct with respect to the Public Integrity 7 Unit. 8 Is that something that you can comment on? 9 A. I don't think so. I think I alluded to earlier that 10 I have a situational awareness of some friction, but when you 11 start getting into who said what to who, or what position 12 Corey Amundson had or Dave Bowdich, I don't think -- I don't 13 think I have a degree of granularity to testify specifically 14 to that. 15 Q. Other than this email exchange about the Public 16 Integrity Unit when Attorney General Barr altered the policy 17 with respect to taking investigative steps prior to 18 certification, are you aware of any Justice Department 19 personnel or units that did not comply with that directive? 20 A. The -- again, I think I alluded to this earlier. 21 There are some processes where there are disputes that are 22 elevated to the Deputy Attorney General. I don't have any 23 recollection of having this issue brought to me for some kind 24 of resolution. So as I sit here, I don't have recollection of 25 people telling me the things you're getting at. 123 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 I was not part of the equation. I think 2 the Department works these things out. I don't think I'm in a 3 position to really create a record on that. 4 Q. So aside from the State Farm Arena allegations, are 5 you aware of whether or not the Public Integrity Section and 6 the Election Crimes Branch opened any election crime cases 7 before the 2020 election was certified? 8 A. I think that I may need to refer you to the DOJ 9 folks that are here as to the authorization for my appearance 10 today was very explicit about the topics we've covered. It 11 was a reservation of talking about individual cases that 12 existed or are pending. I try to stay within the confines of 13 the guidance, so I -- 14 Q. Since DOJ is here, do you want to offer any comment 15 on this issue? My questions are based on the documents that 16 the Department provided. 17 Mr. Weinsheimer. Yeah, they offered -- they 18 commented on many things. As the witness has indicated, he's 19 limited with respect to the authorization. He can't talk 20 about prosecutorial decisions in particular cases. He doesn't 21 know anything about this particular case. He cannot talk 22 about specific cases. 23 To the extent that there are allegations 24 pursuant to the authorization that are actually from the White 25 House, those are things that he's been authorized to talk 124 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 about. 2 Mr. Flynn-Brown. I believe I had five objections 3 in the first interview and that’s one today. Four more to go. 4 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 5 Q. What FBI unit does the Public Integrity Unit 6 interface with regarding election crimes? 7 Mr. Rosen. [To DOJ counsel:] Internal DOJ 8 organization, do you have any problem with that? 9 Okay. The FBI has a counterpart called the Public 10 Integrity Unit. So, ordinarily, that would be the relation. 11 There can be variants to that because the information could 12 come into the FBI field office in a way that this needs -- 13 someone might need to call that number or vice versa. But the 14 FBI does have a Public Integrity Section. 15 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 16 Q. So I'd like better to understand the Department's 17 process to receive and vet these voter fraud and election18 related allegations. 19 Are you generally aware of the processes in 20 play in the 2020 election? 21 A. In a big picture, maybe in a managerial way. I'm not 22 working individual cases with special agents in the field, but 23 in a managerial kind of way. 24 Q. So what was the intake process at the Justice 25 Department? What was the main method or mechanism by which 125 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 the Department received allegations? Did it start from the 2 FBI field offices? Did it come from 3 Main Justice? 4 A. All the above. 5 Q. Okay. 6 A. There's multiple ways. There's 55 FBI field 7 offices, and an American citizen who knows of wrongdoing can 8 certainly report it to the FBI at either a field office or 9 headquarters. Sometimes wrongdoing is learned by state 10 authorities who decide that there's Fed issues at stake. They 11 report it to the FBI, to the local police. It could be 12 election officials. 13 There's not a single formula that says "This 14 is the only way that information about potential wrongdoing is 15 addressed." There's multiple ways. 16 Q. During the 2020 election, do you recall whether most 17 of the allegations came through the FBI first or whether they 18 went through the DOJ proper? 19 A. I think that we're getting into a quantitative area 20 that, you know, something that would require more consultation 21 with staff and others to be able to answer your question in an 22 accurate manner. 23 Q. So with respect to the Justice Department, and 24 specifically the Justice Department proper, how many personnel 25 were responsible for vetting voter fraud and election crime- 126 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 related allegations? 2 A. Well, “potentially” responsible makes it a pretty 3 sizeable number across the FBI investigator offices and the 4 Criminal Division. And, of course, if it is someone else that 5 gets a report,they will work with the FBI and channel it to 6 the appropriate location. 7 So if you're in the Drug Enforcement 8 Administration, you would still have responsibility to pass on 9 information. But I don't have an exact number, but it's a 10 considerable number of people that potentially are able to 11 address those issues. 12 Q. Thanks, sir. 13 So the general process, though, with respect 14 to the FBI, an allegation is vetted at the Field Office level 15 and eventually, if it’s good enough, for lack of a better 16 phrase, it moves up the leadership chain. Then, the Justice 17 Department becomes involved at that point? 18 A. I apologize, but I missed the beginning of the 19 question. 20 Q. So the general process is the FBI does the intake 21 first. They vet it and they investigate it, and then they 22 move it up the chain. And eventually the Justice Department 23 is supposed to receive some sort of notification about the 24 allegation. 25 Is that the general process? 127 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. It's one of the potential processes. I do think, to 2 the extent you really want to understand those processes, I 3 would like to suggest that the FBI and the Criminal Division 4 could provide greater detail. For me, I rely on them to brief 5 me as needed, and follow up if I need to ask. 6 But as I said, I'm not responsible for 7 individual cases, if I understand the big picture of the 8 process. And the Department of Justice has 115,000 people. 9 I'm just the Acting Attorney General. So it's a big 10 organization. 11 Mr. Flynn-Brown. So let's turn to Bates 12 stamp -714. I believe this is going to be Exhibit 8. 13 (Exhibit 8, notes, was 14 marked.) Mr. Rosen. Okay. 15 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 16 Q. The top says "Meeting with DAG + Jeff Clark - 17 6th floor." 18 "DAG" refers to you, sir; is that correct? 19 A. That would be my interpretation. These are not my 20 notes. I think from the handwriting it's maybe Rich 21 Donoghue's notes. I don't think I took notes of this meeting 22 or the other meeting. 23 Q. So in the middle of the page, I believe it says, 24 "Thinks he saw trucks move ballots to shredding location." 25 It's not clear based on the notes who "he" 128 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 is, per se. 2 Next, the notes say, "Cobb County - woman who 3 worked at facility testified at the Georgia Senate Hearing 4 that she saw shred trucks at election location." 5 Are you aware of whether or not these 6 allegations were investigated by the Justice Department or 7 FBI? 8 A. So my understanding is these are things 9 that's been previously investigated by both the Georgia 10 authorities and DOJ authorities. I think this needs a half 11 step back. 12 So this is a Saturday, January 2, meeting 13 with Jeff Clark. I don't think that the notes are 14 comprehensive. I'm not saying they're inaccurate as to what 15 they say. Again, they're not my notes, but I remember this 16 meeting. And so we should take a half step back as to where 17 did this meeting come from. We haven't talked about that. 18 But my recollection is that either Thursday 19 night, New Year's Eve, December 31, or Friday morning, New 20 Year's Day, I had either a meeting or a conversation with Jeff 21 Clark. And at that time, he shared with me that he had had 22 another meeting with the President, and that -- which was 23 contrary to this assurance to me that that wouldn't happen 24 again. And he had not told me in advance that he was going to 25 a meeting with him. 129 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 And he said at that time that the President 2 wanted him to consider whether he would be willing to take 3 over my job if the President wanted him to. It wasn't to say 4 that it would happen, but if the President wanted -- according 5 to Jeff Clark -- and I did not hear that from the President. 6 But according to Jeff Clark, the President was targeting 7 Monday for Jeff Clark to let him know whether he would be 8 willing to entertain the possibility of replacing me and 9 implementing a different approach. 10 So to say that I was disappointed to hear 11 that he had another meeting with the President, without 12 telling me, was a significant understatement. Guessing you 13 can probably gather how I felt about it and it wasn’t 14 positive. 15 So at that point, he renewed his request to 16 have a DNI briefing. And I had to consider, he says he is 17 meeting with the President, but he's telling me that he just 18 wants to do some due diligence because, if he agrees with me 19 and Donoghue that there isn't corruption, malfeasance, he may 20 just tell the President no. 21 So this is a challenging assessment. He does 22 have the clearance. And my thought is he's going to advise 23 the President, whether I like it or not. I don't think that's 24 appropriate. But maybe the best thing is for him to know 25 something, because maybe he'll come to his senses and join 130 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 what I believe is the overall department position -- that 2 there's no facts that create a proper foundation for saying 3 the election results should not be certified. 4 So I contacted the DNI Director and asked him 5 if he would be amenable to give Mr. Clark the briefing that I 6 had previously had. He agreed. And I'm not going to talk 7 about the substance of it for obvious reasons, but Clark had 8 that -- 9 Q. Are those reasons because they are classified? 10 A. Yes. Yes. 11 And so Clark had the briefing on New Year's Day, 12 and then in the meeting that Saturday, to get an understanding 13 of whether he would now say "I'm done with this." 14 So it was a second step. I thought maybe he 15 just needs an illustration of why Donoghue and I and others 16 think that these stories that they told are debunked. Maybe 17 that would help. 18 So I knew of one where there had been a 19 suggestion raised the ballots were being destroyed in Atlanta. 20 And it was being attributed to a State Senator, but it was 21 debunked. And the U.S. Attorney in Atlanta knew of this, this 22 story. 23 So I told Jeff Clark, "You can call the U.S. 24 Attorney and ask about the ballots." 25 To my surprise, as I heard at this meeting, 131 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 he never called the U.S. Attorney. He did his own inquiry 2 where he called someone who had testified at a Georgia 3 legislature hearing the week before and was telling these 4 tales, but they -- at least, as it was reported to me, they 5 were tales that didn't add up. 6 So he had this meeting. It was Rich Donoghue 7 and I and Jeff Clark on that Saturday morning. The real 8 purpose -- it was really twofold. One is to see if having 9 done a little bit, you know, "Knock yourself out, see a little 10 bit of the facts." 11 To see if he now says, "I see where you guys are 12 coming from. I'll get with the program," or what is his 13 posture. 14 And either way it was harkening back to, again, 15 say "this is not okay to be going behind my back and talking 16 to my boss.” 17 So we had a session -- and by the way, I will 18 give this quick digression. Because he was a Presidential 19 appointee with Senate confirmation, I could not fire him. 20 Only the President could fire him. 21 So sometimes I think the issue, why didn't I 22 just tell him, "You said you're not going to do this again. 23 You did it again. You're fired," because that's what I might 24 do in the past with people. But a 25 Presidential appointee with a Senate confirmation, even as 132 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Attorney General, I don't have that authority. 2 So we had this Saturday morning discussion, 3 and I think Rich's notes partly captured the concept that -- 4 yeah. The notes indicate that he did not, let's say, come 5 around to the position that I had. 6 And he wanted -- I think he used the word "due 7 diligence" or some such. So it was a very difficult, 8 challenging meeting. I see the notes say a rather difficult 9 meeting. Well, that was accurate, consistent with what I am 10 saying. But it would have been understated. 11 And so I think at this point, we shift from, 12 as I was alluding to earlier in the week, this was somebody I 13 had known for a long time. He says he won't do it again. He 14 did it again. And he seems to be on a very different course. 15 So that sets up what happens at another 16 meeting with him on Sunday. And then that sets up the Sunday 17 night where you know the final piece of that. 18 But these notes relate to that Saturday 19 morning meeting. And so when you asked me -- this is really - 20 - sorry. Just trying to give your sense of how it developed. 21 I don't think you can just circle, like, a 22 section and say "What about these allegations or whatever?" 23 Because this was some rogue activity. 24 Q I appreciate your explanation. I appreciate the 25 detail. 133 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 I can certainly understand that with 2 complicated records like this, but we have to ask questions 3 that drill down to see exactly what happened and what did not 4 happen. 5 Mr. Flynn-Brown. So let's move on to Bates 6 No. -598 to -601. This will be Exhibit 9. (Exhibit 7 9, email, was marked.) 8 Mr. Rosen. Which one is this? 9 Mr. Flynn-Brown. -598 to -601. 10 Mr. Rosen. I have it. BY 11 MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 12 Q. Okay. So this is a December 30, 2020, email. It 13 includes an email from Cleta Mitchell to Mark Meadows in which 14 she sent the petition filed in Georgia and a press release. 15 And then Meadows then forwards the email to you. And in that 16 email, Mark Meadows says, "Can you have your team look into 17 these allegations of wrongdoing. Only the alleged fraudulent 18 activity. 19 Thanks, Mark." 20 So are you aware of whether or not the Justice 21 Department and the FBI reviewed and investigated these 22 allegations? 23 A. My recollection on this was this had two 24 difficulties. One was that it involved allegations that had 25 already been the subject of some review; and the other was it 134 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 was a campaign piece. 2 So I think the general way we approached 3 suggestions of "Here is the problem," or "Here are some 4 facts," is to assess if we already know enough to know that 5 it's inaccurate. If we don't know, can we keep it internal. 6 In other words, in government. Sometimes it's a State 7 government and we can figure out what the situation is so we 8 can address the concept. 9 And, in part, I alluded to this earlier, 10 because I do want to be in the position to make sure the 11 President of the United States -- and I would say this about 12 any President of the United States -- is provided with 13 information to know that something that he's being told by 14 others is not accurate. And I think any President should know 15 that his cabinet officials, including Justice, will tell him 16 something that he might repeat isn't true. 17 So that's the process that -- so this 18 particular one, I think didn't actually involve anything new 19 or useful. And so my best recollection is it was kind of a -- 20 we pushed it aside, we'll say. Not because we didn't care 21 about allegations of election fraud, but because these 22 situations were -- had already been, in some manner, 23 addressed. 24 Q. Thank you, sir. 25 Mr. Flynn-Brown. So let's turn to Bates 135 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 -675, Exhibit 10 at this point. 2 (Exhibit 10, email, was marked.) 3 BY MR. FLYNN-BROWN. 4 Q. So here we have Mark Meadows' email of January 1, 5 2021. He says, in part, "Can you forward this list to your 6 team to review the allegations contained herein." 7 These allegations related to New Mexico 8 ballot security issues, according to the email subject line. 9 Are you aware of whether or not these 10 allegations were reviewed and investigated by the 11 Justice Department or FBI? 12 A. I think somewhat analogously. There's a mix in 13 there of things that are being litigated by the campaign and 14 those are not appropriate for the Justice Department. We're 15 -- at that point, we weren't involved in election disputes 16 between parties, campaigns, whatever. They do their things in 17 the court, but the Justice Department is staying out of that. 18 So for some of this, I think it was, "It's not 19 our issue." 20 Other parts, again, had been considered, 21 assessed, addressed previously. And I think that, again, it 22 was not one that raised new information that needed to be 23 processed in a substantive way. 24 Mr. Flynn-Brown. So, for now, my questioning 25 is done, and we can talk with my colleague on this, about how 136 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 much more time they will use. We do have some time left. I 2 think about 15 minutes for this hour, and we reserve that time 3 in case we have to step back in and ask you additional 4 questions. 5 For the time being, we can go off the record. 6 And it is 3:14. 7 (Discussion held off the record. 8 Chair Durbin enters.) 9 Ms. Zdeb. It is 3:24, and we can go back on 10 the record. 11 BY MS. ZDEB. 12 Q. So I think as we were concluding my last round, we 13 talked a bit about the meeting on December 27th, and then -- 14 I'm sorry, a call on December 27th. And then we talked about 15 the meeting at the White House with the Chief of Staff and the 16 White House Counsel on December 29th. That was the one where 17 you primarily recall the discussion about oversight, maybe a 18 little bit about the election, and I think you subsequently 19 explained to my colleague on Senator Grassley's staff that 20 there was this swirl of activity involving Kurt Olsen that 21 day. 22 I want to jump ahead maybe two days in time 23 to December 31st and ask about a White House meeting that I 24 understand took place on that date. But before I do, I just 25 want to ask, the intervening day, December 30, were there any 137 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 meetings or phone calls with the President or the White House 2 on the topic of the election? 3 A. So as I think I alluded to earlier, I think on the 4 30th is when I had the call with the President to tell him 5 that we were not going to do this, the court case. 6 Q. That's right, okay. 7 A. So I don’t recall another call that day. 8 Q. So then fast-forward again to the 31st. I know that 9 there was a meeting in the Oval Office that afternoon. 10 Was there a meeting, an internal meeting, 11 with you and Mr. Donoghue and Mr. Clark at some point earlier 12 in the day? 13 A. No. I think it was later. I'm not totally sure if 14 it was a meeting or a call. My recollection is that that 15 evening, Thursday the 31st, so New Year's Eve, or the next 16 morning -- the best I can do is approximate that it's in that 17 window -- I had a conversation with Mr. Clark. But whether it 18 was a call or a meeting, unfortunately, after seven months, I 19 have displaced it in my memory. But I think the 20 communications occurred either that Thursday night or Friday 21 morning. 22 Q. So I want to talk about the White House meeting 23 first. 24 A. Okay. 25 Q. We have seen the official White House photograph of 138 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 that meeting. We understand from one of your emails, that 2 you requested it. So we know from that photo, that you, Mr. 3 Donoghue, Mr. Meadows, Mr. Philbin and Mr. Cipollone attended 4 and were present. 5 Was there anyone else? 6 A. I think the photo accurately captures this. 7 Rich Donoghue and me for DOJ. It's Pat Cipollone, 8 White House counsel. Mark Meadows, Chief of Staff. And I 9 don't think he's in the picture, Chad Mizelle, who was the 10 general counsel of DHS, was there as well. 11 As an aside, if you will bear with me, I have 12 just a standard practice if I know I'm photographed at events 13 at DOJ or at the White House, if they're going to be in the 14 Archives, I ask can you send me a copy of the picture? So 15 that's a standard practice. 16 But that, I did receive those pictures. 17 Q. Why was Chad Mizelle there? 18 A. Well, of course, I didn't organize the meeting so I 19 can't say definitively, but I think it's somewhat similar with 20 the earlier meetings where Ken Cuccinelli had been there. The 21 President wanted to talk about election machines and DHS had 22 some responsibility. 23 Q. So you said a second ago that you didn't organize 24 the meeting. Does that mean that somebody at the White House 25 called the meeting? 139 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. Yes. My recollection is that the President had been 2 at Mar-a-Lago, but he had come back on the afternoon of what 3 would be New Year's Eve, and that I received some kind of 4 notification from the White House that the President had 5 returned and he wanted a meeting. And so Rich Donoghue and I, 6 we went over. 7 I don't think we had necessarily received a 8 clear notice of what it was about, but we had enough of a 9 track record that I knew -- that I could approximate what it 10 was going to be about. 11 Q. Did -- well, if you wouldn't mind, maybe just giving 12 us a sense of the overall tenor of the meeting. 13 A. I think the President seemed unhappy that it was now 14 late December 31st. And I'm going to put this not as how I 15 would see it, but in some sense, it was described as "you 16 still haven't found the fraud," that "Here we are. You're 17 saying -- you, DOJ -- that there's still not significant or 18 substantial evidence of widespread fraud." 19 Q. You said "he seemed unhappy." What gave you that 20 impression? Did he say, "I'm unhappy with the Department"? 21 A. Not in those exact words, but more, "You guys have 22 said that there wasn't any, but that you remained open that 23 the facts had changed." 24 And I think he -- his comments were that 25 people continue to tell him that there is fraud, so how can it 140 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 be that, if the Justice Department is "doing its job," you 2 haven't find this widespread fraud. And it was somewhat 3 repetitive of our earlier discussions. 4 And as I alluded to earlier in our 5 conversation today, I think the President's observations were 6 somewhat similar to what he was -- they were very similar to 7 the things he was saying publicly or the media were 8 attributing to him as to his dissatisfaction about the 9 assessment of the validity of the election. 10 Q. Did he raise the idea of the Department making a 11 public statement again? 12 A. One of the challenges is trying to parse what was 13 said when exactly. That was something that he was interested 14 in as in you should -- you should find the fraud that people 15 are telling him was there, and that he knew you should say so. 16 Whether that was specifically discussed at that meeting, that 17 meeting, in some ways, doesn't register as fully on me as this 18 Sunday night one. 19 So I'm not aware of it at the meeting, but if 20 there's some other record, that might help me sort it out. 21 But, conceptually, I think there's some continuity of what his 22 concerns were. 23 Q. Did he raise the Jeff Clark letter? 24 A. I don't think so. Not that I recall. 25 Q. Did anyone at the meeting raise the Jeff 141 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Clark letter? 2 A. I don't think so. Because, at that juncture, Rich 3 Donoghue and I had told Jeff Clark, "We're not interested in 4 this." 5 I don’t think that to my awareness at that time, it had gone 6 outside the Department. I think Jeff Clark had presented to 7 me and Rich Donoghue, and we said, "No thank you," or 8 something like that (that’s more polite than the actual 9 language). I don't recall the actual words. 10 And so I think at that juncture, I thought 11 that probably might have the entirety of my awareness of the 12 letter going outside the Department and being proposed 13 elsewhere. I think that came later. 14 Q. Putting the letter aside, was there any discussion 15 at the meeting about the prospect of replacing you with Jeff 16 Clark, or did that come later? 17 A. As I was alluding to previously, I remember some 18 conversation with Jeff Clark that I think it was that evening. 19 It might be Friday morning. But it was right after -- close 20 in time after that meeting at the White House. But I can't 21 rule out some allusion to it, but I don't think so. 22 Q. Did the idea of filing that Supreme Court action 23 come up again during this meeting, or had that essentially 24 been put to rest in your call the day before? 25 A. So my best recollection is it had been put to rest 142 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 on the call, but -- that's to my best recollection. I can't 2 say definitively that it didn't come up on that Thursday White 3 House meeting, but I don't think so. 4 Q. How did you end the meeting? Did you have a 5 particular impression about how things stood? What the 6 President expected of you? 7 A. Because that meeting turned out to be less 8 significant than the Sunday one, when I look back at that 9 Thursday meeting, my recollection of it is not quite as good. 10 I remember generally that it was what I regarded as more of 11 the same. 12 But my reaction to it was more, generally, "We've 13 been trying. We've been trying to say the Department will 14 look at real evidence. The Department is going to do its job 15 down the middle, straight up. But we don't see evidence. We 16 don't see it. And our obligation is to say, 'This is the 17 law.'" 18 So by this point, as I've alluded to, we had 19 a number of these small episodes of "Here's one we're not 20 doing. Here is one we're not doing. Here's one we're not 21 doing," but we are doing our job. This is not like an 22 ideological thing that "We're just not interested in the 23 evidence." It's "Our position is driven by the evidence." 24 And so I think, by that Thursday, I'm 25 developing a little bit of a frustration of how do we get 143 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 through that our actions are premised on the evidence that the 2 Department develops. 3 And I guess the one other thing is, because I 4 don't remember well in sequence of where the Jeff Clark 5 conversation comes in, at another meeting, the Thursday 6 meeting, I asked Rich Donoghue and Pat Hovakimian, who was one 7 of my senior advisers. He had been my chief of staff, but he 8 was getting ready to leave the Department shortly. 9 So I had asked the two of them, "Let's get 10 together and kind of figure out where we go from here." 11 But it's in that same time frame that I 12 learned from Jeff Clark that there's, at least to me, new 13 developments, which is the President wants an answer by noon 14 Monday as to whether he's going to be considering him as a 15 replacement. 16 I think I've said this before, but I want to 17 make sure that I'm clear because I'm talking about what's my 18 reaction on that Thursday evening. I'm not the issue -- the 19 Department's position and its integrity is what matters. And 20 if the President wants to make a change, have Rich Donoghue or 21 Steve Engel replace me, that would be fine with me. But I 22 certainly would have felt comfortable that either of them, or 23 someone like them, just maintain the same course, fine. But I 24 am concerned that we are functioning on the basis of the facts 25 and the law. 144 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Q. So the conversation that you had with Jeff 2 Clark around this same period of time, how did that go? 3 A. Well, that's what I referenced earlier. He said 4 that he had had another either meeting or conversation with 5 the President. Notwithstanding his assurances that he made 6 over the weekend that, A, that it wouldn't happen again; and 7 B, if he got a request, he would notify me or Rich Donoghue. 8 Neither of those happened. 9 But he said that he had had a discussion with 10 the President and that the President wants him to let him know 11 on Monday if he's willing to be considered. At that point, it 12 wasn't framed as the President is going to be making a change, 13 but it is framed as he, Jeff, is now -- Jeff Clark is going to 14 think about it, whether he would be willing to do it. And he 15 wants to do some due diligence to see if maybe he would see 16 things the same as Rich Donoghue and me. 17 Q. So I think I may just be getting confused by the 18 sheer number of the different communications involving Jeff 19 Clark. I know from the calendars and that you have alluded 20 to, I think on January 2nd, there is -- there's another 21 meeting with you and Mr. Clark and Mr. Donoghue. 22 But just so I'm clear, the conversation 23 you're talking about right now in which he reveals to you 24 that, notwithstanding your prior discussion, he did have a 25 conversation with the President. That is separate from the 145 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 January 2nd? 2 A. Yes. The January 2 is the follow-up to that, where 3 he has been permitted to get that and to talk to the U.S. 4 Attorney in Atlanta, which he didn't actually do. And so the 5 January 2nd is the follow-up from the earlier request of he 6 has to get an answer by Monday so he would like to have access 7 to some information. 8 Q. I see. 9 A. And that Saturday, he tells us he's had that access, 10 and here is where he stands. It's really -- he tells us where 11 he stands, but he doesn't say "I'm going to tell the President 12 I'm available. I'm still sorting this out." 13 I think one of the things he raised is now, 14 at this juncture, he would be willing to sign a letter instead 15 of me, and he can answer no “if you'll do the things that I'm 16 suggesting.” 17 And I said "No, I'm not sending that letter 18 to the Georgia legislature." 19 I knew that wasn't likely to result in his 20 standing down, but that's when I say, we were not releasing 21 that letter. 22 Q. So Jeff Clark framed it as a choice he was 23 giving you, to essentially either go along with the letter 24 that you had previously rejected and sign it under your own 25 name, or he will presumably take the President up on his offer 146 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 to be installed in your place. Is that how you understood it? 2 A. Close to that. That he was saying that having done 3 some due diligence as he requested, that he wasn't satisfied 4 where Rich Donoghue and I were on this, but that he still 5 wasn't sure what his answer would be on it. And he raised 6 another thing that he might point to, that he might be able to 7 say no, is if -- that letter, if I reversed my position on the 8 letter, which 9 I was unwilling to do. 10 Q. I'd like to jump to the January 2nd conversation in 11 just a minute. But before we do, I wanted to just briefly ask 12 you about two emails that you received on January 1st from Mr. 13 Meadows. And I think -- my apologies. We passed them out 14 already. 15 So the first one is the document that is Bates 16 numbered -678 at the bottom. And that would be 17 Exhibit No. 11. 18 (Exhibit 11, email, was marked.) 19 BY MS. ZDEB. 20 Q. So this is an email on January 1st. It's an email 21 chain from January 1. It starts off at 3:00 in the afternoon 22 with Mark Meadows and you, and you then forward that to Mr. 23 Donoghue. He responds "Pure insanity." 24 And then you respond to him with some 25 additional color around this issue. 147 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Can you just give me a sense of how this Italygate 2 issue was presented to you? What you took this email from Mr. 3 Meadows with the YouTube link to mean? 4 A. Yeah. So I think he had sent us an affidavit of 5 somebody that has been described as being in protective 6 custody in Italy who was a witness. And I didn't know what 7 that was. 8 But then he provided this Internet link, sort 9 of out of the blue. He wasn't saying, "I'm going to send you 10 other things," but this email came across. And sort of the 11 curiosity got the better of me (given my general thoughts on 12 the reliability of the Internet). But I clicked on it and it 13 didn't work. So I asked him to send the right link or 14 something to that effect. 15 He sent it. And I started to watch it, and I said, 16 "You have got to be kidding me." 17 So this was I think on a Friday night. Yeah, 18 Friday, January 1. It's been a long day at the end of a long 19 week. And my normal practice would have been to forward 20 something and then talk about it. But a little bit of fatigue 21 set in, and we had this email exchange of "Can you believe 22 this?" 23 His response was "Pure insanity." 24 And I thought that would be the end of it, as I 25 alluded to. Some of these we would just push aside and so 148 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 forth. But then I actually got a call on this one saying, 2 "Are you doing any follow-up?" 3 And I said, "I think somebody had run down 4 that this individual" -- and, again, keeping it within the 5 government, nothing overt that might appear to give it 6 credence. Someone figured out that “protective custody” was 7 that the person was in prison after a conviction. 8 So I think when I got a call, I said, "This 9 one is another one that's debunked." 10 And I was asked, "Well" -- I don't think I 11 realized that this was coming from Mr. Giuliani and the 12 campaign, but on this call, I did find out -- "There's more to 13 it. Would you meet with Mr. Rudy Giuliani?" 14 I had refused to meet with Rudy Giuliani 15 multiple times over, during the month of December, so I said 16 no. I said, "If he has evidence, he can do what any American 17 can do. He can walk into an FBI field office and present his 18 evidence, but I'm not meeting with him, no." 19 And Mr. Meadows seemed to accept that. But 20 then he called me back and he said Mr. Giuliani is insulted 21 that you think he should have to walk into a FBI office. And 22 so the email reflects I declined to do it. 23 I can't remember if I headed home or if there 24 was some reason there was an email. But in frustration, I 25 sent this note to share with Rich. As the email reflects, I 149 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 got a little more animated than usual, at the end of the week. 2 Q. I think I just heard you indicate this, but just for 3 the record, it was Mark Meadows who made this call to you? 4 A. That's my recollection. 5 Q. And on the previous occasions when you had been 6 asked to speak with Mr. Giuliani, was that also by Mark 7 Meadows? 8 A. These things started to blur. I know I received 9 requests to meet with Mr. Giuliani. I declined. They 10 accepted it, as they didn't say, "You must do this," or 11 "You're expected to do it." But the request came back, and I 12 said I'm not going to do that. 13 And so I never did meet with Mr. Giuliani. 14 So I remember the request. This particular 15 one, I think, was Mr. Meadows, but he did accept my position. 16 I said I'm just not doing it. 17 Q. And the earlier requests may have been Mr. 18 Meadows, but you're not 100 percent certain, at this 19 point? 20 A. I'm confident I got the request. Whether it was the 21 President, Mr. Meadows, or both is where I'm a little hazy. 22 Q. Tell me -- about how many times were you asked to 23 meet with Rudy Giuliani? 24 A. I don't think I can quantify it. I'm just telling 25 you what I remember is I got that request -- it was more than 150 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 once. I can't quantify it. And it was not -- I don't want to 2 overstate it. It was not every 10 minutes or something 3 ridiculous. 4 Q. And it's possible they were from Mr. Meadows. It's 5 possible they were from the President. But sitting here 6 today, you're not certain which of those two? 7 A. As I said previously. 8 Ms. Zdeb. Let's turn to the second exhibit, 9 I believe you have it over there. It starts with Bates -673 10 at the bottom, and this will be Exhibit 12. 11 (Exhibit 12, email, was marked.) 12 Mr. Rosen. I have it. 13 BY MS. ZDEB. 14 Q. So this seems to -- sorry. 15 This seems to be a follow-up to his outreach 16 with the Italygate YouTube link. He then sends this 17 additional note at 4:13 p.m. on January 1st, Mr. Meadows 18 does. And he writes, "There have been allegations of 19 signature match anomalies in Fulton County, Georgia. Can 20 you get Jeff Clark to engage on this issue immediately to 21 determine if there is any truth to this allegation." 22 And then you and Mr. Donoghue have an 23 exchange in response to that. 24 I think it is somewhat implicit in the 25 exchange that you and Mr. Donoghue have, but can you give me a 151 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 sense of how you reacted to this particular request?

25 exchange that you and Mr. Donoghue have, but can you give me a
151 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 sense of how you reacted to this particular request? 2 A. Well, the -- I had two reactions. One is the 3 signature match anomalies, I think is something that we spoke 4 about earlier today, that their colleague raised in one of the 5 calls. So I think I had an impression that, perhaps, this was 6 just the Chief of Staff responding to his boss having said 7 something about it and he sent it over. 8 And so my reaction to it, what got my 9 attention more was having Jeff Clark engage on this issue. 10 Jeff Clark, of course, was in the Civil Division, and 11 signature match anomalies would not be his responsibility. So 12 common sense would tell you this, at this juncture, that that 13 looked a little bit corroborative of Jeff Clark having just 14 told me earlier that day or the night before that the 15 President wants to know if he's willing to replace me. So it 16 seemed, in some way, corroborative. It doesn't actually say 17 that. 18 So Rich and I had this exchange. I think 19 that's sort of indicative of what I was saying earlier. By 20 this point in the week, there was some fatigue and being ready 21 to have everything be over with has set in. 22 I think we were attuned to this thing was 23 supposed to be some kind of focal point that we better be 24 ready and be considering how we persuade the President that 25 some of the things other people are telling him aren't right,

152 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 that he's not listening to the right people. And that's when 2 I started to continue to try to think through what's the best 3 way to get this to an appropriate outcome. 4 Ms. Zdeb. We're going to tag-team on our side, 5 Mr. Rosen, so my colleague Ms. Walton is going to ask you 6 some questions. 7 BY MS. McCLAIN-WALTON. 8 Q. Mr. Rosen, I'll just give you a brief road map here. 9 I'm going to direct the questions now to January 2nd -- 10 Saturday, January 2nd, and then what you've described as the 11 culmination of events on Sunday, January 3rd. 12 A. Okay. 13 Q. You've already spoken a little bit about the lead-up 14 to January 2nd and this meeting that you and Mr. Donoghue and 15 Mr. Clark are having on Saturday, the 2nd. And you've 16 described, I think it's fair to say, at this point, tensions 17 are rising with respect to these issues; is that fair? 18 A. Yes. Because we started to hear things that, from 19 my vantage point, they are unfounded. And I just don't think 20 it's appropriate for an Assistant Attorney General to meet 21 with the President alone. 22 Q. And so at this point on January 2nd, I think you 23 described that the purpose of the meeting with Mr. Clark was 24 twofold. It was, one, to say "Stop meeting with the President 25 behind my back"; correct?

153 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 A. That's the short form of what I alluded to 2 earlier. 3 Q. And, two, to see if Mr. Clark was going to get on 4 the same page, essentially, as everyone else in the Justice 5 Department; is that correct? 6 A. Yes. What I said is -- yours is the summary, but I 7 provided a little bit more push and pull of the conversation 8 as I said earlier. 9 Q. Absolutely. 10 A. You heard that. 11 Q. Absolutely. 12 And so at the meeting on January 2nd, Mr. Clark 13 had said that he had been briefed by ODNI at that point; 14 correct? 15 A. On Saturday the 2nd, I believe so. 16 Q. And what was Mr. Clark's reaction to the briefing 17 from ODNI? 18 A. Well, what I remember is that he was just 19 dissatisfied in some way. 20 Q. And at that point as well, you had provided Mr. 21 Clark the phone number for the U.S. Attorney in 22 Georgia, U.S. Attorney Pak; is that correct? 23 A. Yes. 24 Q. Did you ask Mr. Clark if he reached out to U.S. 25 Attorney Pak to get more information about what was going on

154 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 in Georgia? 2 A Yes. 3 Q. And had Mr. Clark reached out to U.S. 4 Attorney Pak? 5 A. No. 6 Q. Okay. And what was your reaction to him not 7 reaching out to U.S. Attorney Pak, as you had instructed him 8 to do? 9 A. I was disturbed. And I told him. 10 Q. And during the course of this conversation, Mr. 11 Clark indicated, essentially, that he was still thinking about 12 the President's offer to assume the role of Acting Attorney 13 General; is that correct? 14 A. With a small correction. The way I remember it is 15 he was considering the President's offer, whether he would be 16 willing to consider. It's perhaps a small difference, but 17 meaning he had not actually been offered "Here is the job. 18 Will you take it?" But more "I wanted to know if I decide to 19 make a change, are you willing to be considered as the 20 recipient of the change?" Slightly softer, to say. 21 Q. Understood. 22 And so -- and during this conversation, in 23 mulling this over, he asked, "Would you be willing to now sign 24 that proof of concept letter?" And you said you were still 25 unwilling to do that.

155 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 That's right. 2 Q. And I assume at that point, things kind of came to a 3 head and the meeting was over, or did you have further 4 discussions? 5 A. No. The meeting took a while. I don't remember 6 exactly how long. My sense of it would have been 45 minutes. 7 And so there's obviously more discussion than just the things 8 we could do in 45 seconds, but I think they're just more 9 specifics of those topics. 10 I think the meeting ended with a little bit 11 of conflict. Nobody being really satisfied, but "let's talk 12 about this later or tomorrow, or you know, let's figure out 13 where this goes." 14 And so it all came to a kind of closure. 15 I certainly do remember Rich Donoghue 16 reinforcing where I was coming from in a very aggressive way 17 that you went behind your boss’s back, and you're proposing 18 things that are outside your domain and you don't know what 19 you're talking about, basically. 20 Q. And so when the meeting ended and Mr. Clark left -- 21 I would say, the room, wherever you are -- what is the 22 conversation that you have with Mr. Donoghue at that point? 23 Did you discuss next steps, what your strategy is? 24 Yes. One of the things, to take a half step 25 to give you a context. Obviously, this is not the only thing

156 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 going on. It's an important thing, but there is departmental 2 business to deal with. And there's what I'll call regular 3 department business, as in just the press of work. And, you 4 know, I can remember, just as an example, there was a -- I 5 think a status conference coming up in the Google antitrust 6 litigation. And so it was regular and important department 7 business that we still had to attend to, and it was an 8 important part of our business. 9 And it was the transition. And so it was the 10 transition-related work. Much of that, in terms of what I'll 11 call a formal transition, is on a staff level. There are 12 people who are retiring. There are people who want to get 15 13 minutes to talk to you before their last day. And so there 14 are some things that don't happen -- that happened more than 15 they would regularly happen. 16 So there's both work to do, and, of course, 17 the transition was to culminate on January 20th. So there's 18 preparations for that. That's itself a big and important 19 process. 20 So Rich Donoghue and I were first things 21 first: The Department's business has to get done. But we 22 were also then talking with ourselves and figuring out who 23 else might have some insight. 24 Mr. Steve Engel of OLC was someone that I 25 thought very highly of. And in his OLC role, he was a very

157 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 important counselor. 2 So I think the way you characterized it is right, we 3 tried to strategize as to where do we go with this. We want 4 to ensure that the right things are done for the right 5 reasons. 6 Q. And so at that point, that's going to the next 7 morning, the morning of Sunday, January 3rd, or that day. I 8 understand you continued to have these conversations about the 9 business of the Department with Mr. Donoghue. 10 But at some point, do you and Mr. Donoghue 11 decide that Mr. Clark should come back in and discuss more 12 things? Do you speak with Mr. Clark again, you and Mr. 13 Donoghue, before that Oval Office meeting later on Sunday 14 night? 15 A. What happens is late that morning, maybe around noon 16 -- I don't know if it's a little before or a little after -- 17 but in that time frame, I get a call from Jeff Clark saying he 18 wants to talk further and it's important. 19 And I said, "Okay. You know, I actually have 20 some things I have to do. So let me address the things I have 21 to do, and we'll get together in the afternoon." 22 He was telling me it was time urgent. I said, 23 "I'll do the best I can do." 24 It turned out to be around 3:00. He was in 25 the building. I was at my office that day. And he came down

158 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 to my office. My recollection is that, at that point, he 2 wanted to talk to me alone. He didn't want Mr. Donoghue 3 there. 4 That was something I needed to think about. But I 5 decided having known him for a long time, I would do that. I 6 would see if I could -- my hope was that I would persuade him, 7 that he should stand down basically from the path that he was 8 advocating. And so I took the meeting with him. 9 We met that afternoon. And he told me, at 10 that point, the reason it was time-sensitive when he called me 11 earlier was that he had talked earlier with the President, and 12 the schedule -- the schedule had moved up and that the 13 President had decided to offer him the position, and he had 14 decided to take it. So that I would be replaced that Sunday, 15 and the Department would chart a different path. 16 And somewhat remarkably in this conversation, he told 17 me that part of why he wanted to talk alone was he wanted me 18 to stay on as the deputy, but Rich Donoghue would be replaced 19 by me, which I told him made no sense, and there was no 20 universe I could imagine in which that would ever happen. 21 And he said he just thought that it was the 22 right thing to offer. And -- 23 Q. During this conversation, did Mr. Clark mention at 24 all about what the New York Times had reported that President 25 Trump had reached out to the Secretary of State in Georgia,

159 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Secretary Raffensperger, the day before, to talk about getting 2 a certain number of votes? 3 A. I don't have any recollection of that. I remember 4 this was a very unhappy conversation. I told him that from 5 my vantage point this wasn't about me. It was about what was 6 the right thing for the country, that I thought he was making 7 a colossal error in judgment, and that I really encouraged 8 him that he should rethink this while there was still time. 9 And we talked a little bit -- in both directions. 10 Me telling him that I've known him a long time, and I couldn't 11 understand how he was pursuing this path, and him saying it 12 was because we knew each other that he had hoped that I would 13 understand what he was doing, which I did not. 14 So after some of that conversation, I told 15 him, "Well, here's the thing, Jeff Clark, my subordinates 16 don’t get to fire me. So I'm not accepting what you're 17 telling me, that you're going to replace me. I'm going to 18 contact the President and tell him I need to talk with him." 19 And he didn't object to that. 20 And I said, "So I will let you know what the 21 next steps are, but for now, we're done." 22 And after he left my office, which was in the 23 neighborhood of 4:00, give or take, I called over to the White 24 House and asked Mr. Meadows that I need to see the President 25 and it needs to be today. He said he would arrange it, and he

160 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 called me back very quickly and said "You're on for 6:15 2 tonight." 3 And I also called Pat Cipollone, who was out 4 of the office. I left him a message. And he said he would 5 plan to be at the meeting, and figure out who else should be 6 there. I think he was going to address that. And he did 7 highlight -- I think it was Mr. Cipollone -- that it would be 8 helpful to know that this is not just two people at the 9 Justice Department who do things differently, but that this is 10 the whole Department is with you, Rosen. So I believed the 11 answer to that is yes, but we needed to figure out a way to 12 confirm that. 13 So after that I spoke with Rich Donoghue and 14 Patrick Hovakimian, who was, as I said, was my previous chief 15 of staff. He was serving as a senior counselor. 16 That's his function. 17 And said, "Can you guys" -- we talked and 18 collectively came up with a concept that they would organize a 19 call with the group of senior leaders of the Department, which 20 they did. I was not on it. The concept was people should be 21 able to communicate freely and honestly. 22 So while they did that, I worked with -- I 23 contacted Steve Engel and told him what was going on and that 24 I would appreciate it if he could come in on this. And he and 25 I and Rich Donoghue would ride together to the White House.

161 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 An aside right there, when we were getting 2 ready to leave, Jeff Clark came by and asked if he could ride 3 with us. And maybe this was ungracious of me, but I declined. 4 Q. I understand. 5 Two just quick follow-up questions about 6 that. Notwithstanding the fact that you told Mr. Clark "I do 7 not accept my subordinate telling me that I'm fired," was it - 8 - did Mr. Clark communicate to you that the President had made 9 his decision, the decision was done, and that he would be 10 installed as the Acting Attorney General at that point? Is 11 that why you followed up with the President directly? 12 A. Yes. 13 Q. And as part of that decision that he would be the 14 Acting Attorney General that he communicated to you, did he 15 also communicate to you that that the proof of concept letter 16 would, therefore, be sent as that was what his plan was for 17 the next steps of the Department? 18 A. I think that was implicit. And at the meeting we 19 subsequently had, he did advocate that he wanted to send it. 20 Q. With respect to Mr. Donoghue, and I believe you said 21 perhaps Mr. Engel following up with the rest of DOJ leadership 22 to kind of clue them in on what was going on, I assume you're 23 referring to the other Assistant Attorney Generals; correct? 24 A. The Assistant Attorney Generals and the Principal 25 Deputy who is running the Associate AG's office -- Claire

162 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Murray, I didn't actually compile the list to know exactly who 2 was on the call, that would be Mr. Hovakimian. But the 3 concept was the Assistant Attorney Generals of the Litigating 4 Divisions and the Solicitor General. Jeff Wall was the 5 Solicitor 6 General that was on that. 7 So it was what I would call senior 8 leadership. I don't mean any disrespect to anybody who wasn't 9 on the call, some folks were unavailable, some were career 10 people. Included was the senior non-career DOJ leadership. 11 Q. And before walking into the Oval Office, driving 12 over, did you get feedback, I guess, from Mr. Donoghue as 13 to what senior leadership's position was in all of this? 14 For example, did Mr. Donoghue communicate to 15 you that senior leadership was going to essentially walk with 16 you at that point? 17 A. Yes. 18 Q. And so you knew that going into the meeting with the 19 President, that senior leadership had all expressed that? 20 Essentially, if you go, they go? 21 A. Yes. Mr. Donoghue was very clear on that. 22 Q. So when you get to the Oval Office, is it fair to 23 say that tensions -- you have uninvited Mr. Clark from your 24 ride over -- they are pretty high at this point. 25 A. Well, it's -- the lines have been drawn. He's made

163 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 his choice that he was willing to accept the appointment to 2 be the Acting Attorney General and pursue what he thinks was 3 -- or, at least, he's asserted was his preferred course. And 4 I've been clear that if it means -- if that course is going 5 to happen, I can be fired or resign, it doesn't really 6 matter, because I'm not going to do that. 7 Q. And I think you mentioned when our colleagues on 8 Senator Grassley's side were asking questions, the meeting, 9 ultimately, in the Oval Office, lasted for some time, about 10 two hours or longer? 11 A. Yes. 12 Q. And so -- and, essentially, in that meeting, it was 13 the seven lawyers, I believe? 14 A. That's correct. 15 Q. And it was six against one; that "one" being 16 Mr. Clark? 17 A. That's true. 18 Q. And you mentioned also that you were concerned 19 because one of the first things that were said when you walked 20 into the meeting was that President Trump said to you, "Well, 21 we know as long as you're running the Department, nothing is 22 going to happen here." 23 A. That's right. 24 Q. So would you characterize, then, the next two hours, 25 or however long it was, that the six of you, who are on your

164 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 side of things, were trying to convince President Trump not to 2 go with the course of action that Jeffrey Clark had stated, 3 which was installing him as the AG? 4 A I'm sorry, I missed the beginning. Could you repeat 5 that? 6 Q. So for about that two-hour time, what were you and 7 the other six members, who are on your side of things, doing, 8 we'll say? 9 A. This is a wide-ranging discussion of both the letter 10 and course of action. The -- well, just generally, the path 11 that Jeff Clark was advocating. His view was that that letter 12 itself, actually, that if he sent it to multiple places, it 13 would set off multiple steps of action. At least, that's what 14 he said. I don't know for sure what he was thinking, but 15 that's what he said. 16 And each of the others of us were opposed to 17 that, but, as I said, other people also wanted to address the 18 qualifications. In addition to that's a bad course, I think - 19 - Mr. Herschmann, I can recall in great detail, was highly 20 critical of Mr. Clark's qualifications and capabilities. And, 21 again, I'm putting that in a relatively polite manner. He was 22 aggressive. 23 So there was some extensive discussion on 24 those lines. I -- to some extent, those things I let others 25 do the talking. I didn't think I needed to address what my

165 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 qualifications are, something like that. 2 So I saw, at some point -- I've seen some 3 press-reporting on this. It was pretty accurate. But the one 4 thing I differed was I saw the characterization that said it 5 was "Celebrity Apprentice." 6 As if Jeff Clark and I each have to bid on it and 7 advocate our credentials. It wasn't that. There was no 8 effort on my part to try to compare the capabilities of either 9 of us to run the Department. Even if he didn’t do that. But 10 other people did want to speak to that. Not in the way that 11 I'm pejoratively addressing it, but people just saying "The 12 Department is well led. This is not -- if you make a change, 13 this is not the way you should do it or who you should do it 14 with," and some of that was to say quite aggressive. 15 But I think more of the conversation was 16 about the imprudence of going down the path Jeff Clark was 17 advocating. And it was lots of discussion on why that was 18 bad, legally, why it was bad for the country, why it was 19 inconsistent with the Justice Department's role. 20 And I heard -- not just for me, but from the 21 other five people that were there, some very persuasive and 22 articulate discussion of that. And I think other folks also 23 made the point that the Department is unified on Rosen's 24 position. So this is not a, you know, "He said this. He said 25 this. He said that."

166 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 (Discussion off the record.) 2 BY MS. McCLAIN WALTON. 3 Q So just to put a finer point on it, I want to be true 4 to my word about five minutes here. I know lawyers always say 5 five minutes, and they don't mean that. 6 A. No judge will ever believe that. 7 Q. The discussion in your mind, while some are focused 8 on the qualifications of who is better qualified to be Acting 9 Attorney General, the discussion for you and for much of this 10 is just what is the path that the Department of Justice is 11 taking from here; right? The path of Jeffrey Clark, or the 12 path of Jeffrey Rosen; correct? 13 A. I think that's a good way to put it. 14 Q. And because this conversation went on for two hours 15 and you had six legal minds discussing this issue, seven 16 including Mr. Clark, it's fair to say that you were receiving 17 some pushback from the President as to which path he should be 18 taking as you were assessing it? 19 A. Well, as I alluded to earlier, the meeting proceeded 20 in different ways at different points. The President at some 21 points was just listening, he was just sitting back and 22 inviting people to debate and say what they wanted to say. 23 There were other parts where he engaged or asked questions. 24 I can remember several places where he asked 25 questions. I was just thinking about this. He did ask Mr.

167 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Engel to weigh in. Steve Engel had been in the OLC for most 2 of the administration, so I think the President was familiar 3 with Steve from past instances of seeking his advice. 4 Q. At some point in this conversation, did the 5 President -- I think you did allude to this earlier with my 6 colleagues -- mention that he wanted to fire the U.S. Attorney 7 in Georgia -- 8 A. Yes. 9 Q. -- the Eastern District of Georgia, U.S. 10 Attorney Pak? 11 A. So as I referenced before, I would say during the 12 meeting, that wasn't an issue. I think after the meeting had 13 been -- had resolved the questions that the President was not 14 going to make the change to Jeff 15 Clark, there was this sort of tail end of the meeting 16 in which -- as you might expect, it was a pretty significant 17 couple of hours. When the President said he's not going to 18 make the change, that was an important moment in terms of what 19 I needed to do. 20 So it was some time after that, we were 21 thinking it's time to get out of here, that that came up. 22 And as I alluded to before, my recollection is I know that 23 Rich Donoghue and I were defending that Mr. Pak not be 24 fired. And my recollection is there wasn't a single person 25 in the room recommending that he should be fired. I think

168 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 everybody who spoke was against it. 2 Q. And do you recall if, during this meeting, everyone 3 told the President that U.S. Attorney Pak is resigning anyway, 4 making the point kind of moot; correct? 5 Ms. McClain Walton. And just for the record, 6 Mr. Rosen nodded his head to that question. 7 Mr. Rosen. Well, yeah. I should just say 8 what I said before, which is, this part of the meeting, I 9 don't have as clear a recollection of each step of the way. I 10 think I was thinking at that point it's time to go. 11 So I somewhat need to defer to others’ 12 recollections. But, in general, I refer back to what I said 13 earlier. 14 BY MS. McCLAIN WALTON. 15 Q. And then my very last question: Do you recall 16 President Trump stating that he wanted to go outside of the 17 normal line of succession for who would replace U.S. Attorney 18 Pak and have U.S. Attorney Bobby Christine moved over to that 19 office and take over? 20 A As I stated, I think that that did come up, which I 21 think that is what happened. Although, it didn't change 22 anything substantively. I think Mr. Pak did resign and U.S. 23 Attorney Christine became the acting head of that office, but 24 my recollection is the assessment remained the same. 25 Ms. Zdeb. Josh, excuse me, but before you

169 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 enter your exhibits, I have one follow-up to that question. 2 BY MS. ZDEB. 3 Q. Do you recall the President indicating, as part of 4 his discussion about whether he would go outside the line of 5 succession, that he liked Bobby Christine and thought that if 6 he installed him, instead of the First Assistant U.S. 7 Attorney, that maybe Bobby Christine would do something about 8 the election fraud allegations? 9 A. I think that's more -- more detailed than 10 the way I remember this breaking up. I do remember Bobby 11 Christine came up, but I don't -- I think I need some 12 documents or things to sort this one out. 13 Ms. McClain Walton. Thank you. 14 Mr. Flynn-Brown. Mr. Rosen, thank you for 15 your time today. I'm going to introduce two exhibits into the 16 record. 17 You do not need to comment on these at all. They 18 are one -- two press releases, both on January 6, 2021, from 19 Senator Grassley. 20 So Exhibit 13 will be -- this one is titled 21 "America Must Be Better Than This." 22 (Exhibit 13, press release, was 23 marked.) 24 Mr. Flynn-Brown. The second one is titled 25 "Grassley's Statement on Electoral College

170 www.trustpoint.one 800.FOR.DEPO www.aldersonreporting.com (800.367.3376) 1 Certification," and that will be Exhibit 14. (Exhibit 14, 2 press release, was marked.) 3 Mr. Flynn-Brown. So that's it for me today. And I 4 want to thank you again for your time. You've been here a 5 long time today to talk with us, and we really do appreciate 6 it. So thank you very much. 7 Mr. Rosen. Anything further from the 8 Majority? 9 Ms. Zdeb. Just to add my thanks to my 10 colleagues. We sincerely appreciate your making yourself 11 available voluntarily. We appreciate your doing so on 12 Saturday. 13 The same goes for your counsel and Department 14 counsel. 15 I also want to extend my sincere thanks to my 16 colleagues on Senator Grassley's staff for making themselves 17 available on a Saturday, and also being very accommodating 18 with respect to some last-minute logistical changes. 19 Mr. Blumenthal. I would add my thanks as 20 well having been here for just about all day and you made a 21 real effort to be forthcoming. Thank you. 22 Mr. Rosen. Thank you, Senator. 23 Thank you. 24 The only other thing I would like to say is 25 it's the nature of these things to be focused on the person

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1 who, in essence, assumed the role of AG. But as I maintained,
2 and still do, that the Department of Justice acted with
3 integrity and sought to do the right things.
4 I really want to underscore the people that
5 worked on the leadership team and many others throughout the
6 Department. Some of them I've identified here today, but I
7 considered myself, then and now, very fortunate to have been
8 able to work with them in that time frame on their behalf and
9 with appreciation of their public service.
10 Ms. McClain Walton. Thank you.
11 Ms. Zdeb. Thank you, Mr. Rosen. We can go
12 off the record.
13 (Discussion off the record.)
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

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1 Certificate of Deponent/Interviewee
2 I have read the foregoing ___ pages, which contain the
3 correct transcript of the answers made by me to the questions
4 therein recorded.
5 6 7 8 9 10 _________________________
11 Witness Name
12 13 14 15 _________________________ 16 Date
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25